Coxsackie, New York
Coxsackie, New York
Location of New York in the United States
|• Town Supervisor||Richard K. Hanse|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||2.60 sq mi (6.73 km2)|
|• Land||2.17 sq mi (5.63 km2)|
|• Water||0.42 sq mi (1.10 km2)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,228.72/sq mi (474.35/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||518 Exchange: 731|
Coxsackie (// kuuk-SAK-ee) is a town in Greene County, New York, United States. The population was 8,918 at the 2010 census. The name of the town is said to be derived from a Native American term, but it has various translations ("owl's hoot" is locally common).
The town of Coxsackie is notable for being the namesake of the Coxsackievirus, which was first isolated in this town.
The settlement of Coxsackie began in the seventeenth century, approximately 1652, as part of the development of New Netherland. The government of the area became established as a district in 1772, and Coxsackie was founded in 1788 with a town form of government. Part of Coxsackie was lost when the town of Durham was formed in 1790. Further land was lost in the formation of the newer towns of Cairo and Greenville (1803), New Baltimore (1811), and Athens (1815).
One of the first settlers in Coxsackie was Pieter Bronck, of the same family for which the Bronx is named. In 1663, he built the Pieter Bronck House in West Coxsackie, which is open as a museum. The nearby family burial ground includes a separate plot with marked graves for slaves of the family.
In 1900, the combined population of the town and village was 2,994.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 38.4 square miles (99.4 km2), of which 36.9 square miles (95.6 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.8 km2, or 3.86%) is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,918 people, 2,422 households, and 1,583 families residing in the town. The population density was 240.8 people per square mile (93.0/km2). There were 2,789 housing units at an average density of 75.6 per square mile (29.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 92.24% White, 5.33% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 0.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.15% of the population.
There were 2,422 households, out of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the town, the population was spread out, with 18.7% under the age of 18, 24.3% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 8.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 185.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 210.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $37,830, and the median income for a family was $46,189. Males had a median income of $37,823 versus $26,859 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,830. About 9.5% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.7% of those under age 18 and 16.2% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in the town of Coxsackie
- Bronck House – A house in West Coxsackie built by Pieter Bronck in 1663 (open as a museum)
- Coxsackie – The village of Coxsackie
- Reed Street Historic District is a national historic district located in Coxsackie's village proper on the West bank of the Hudson River, Greene County, New York. The district contains 30 contributing buildings. They are a collection of mid-19th century, two and three story commercial buildings. The district displays a uniformity of style in its Italianate style brick facades with ornate brackets and overhanging eaves. Recently, new, independently owned businesses have opened on Reed Street bringing Coxsackie's historic downtown back to life: Mansion + Reed General Store (a specialty grocery and cafe), Reed Street Bottle Shop (a wine and spirits shop), Pilothouse Paper (specialty paper and home goods), Mahalo Toyshop (gifts for kids and kids at heart), Heart Land Realty, Che Figata (an Italian Bistro), and the Yellow Deli (a deli serving breakfast and lunch).
- Riverside Park- located at the end of Reed Street in Coxsackie Village. This park offers expansive views of the mighty Hudson River. A boat launch allows easy load-in and load-out for motor boats, canoes, and kayaks (with plenty of parking). Seasonal docks are put out for warm season fishing and sunning. A Farmer's Market is held here in on Wednesday evenings during the summer months of May to October- offering farm produce and goods, a weekly visiting food truck, and live music.
- Climax – A hamlet northwest of Coxsackie village on Route 81
- Earlton – A hamlet in the western part of the town. The Forestville Commonwealth Owenite community at Earlton was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974.
- Hudson River Islands State Park
- Surprise – A hamlet at the west town line
- Sleepy Hollow Lake – A lake partly in the south part of the town (a "resort" development)
- West Coxsackie – A hamlet northwest of Coxsackie village on Route 81
- Coxsackie Correctional Facility – A state prison southwest of Coxsackie village
- Greene Correctional Facility -a state prison adjacent to Coxsackie Correctional Facility
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Coxsackie town, Greene County, New York". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 29, 2016.[dead link]
- Bruno, Debra (2020-07-22). "After I discovered that my ancestors had enslaved people, I connected with a descendant of those who were enslaved". Washington Post. Retrieved 2020-07-26.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.