|Regions with significant populations|
|Buenos Aires Province, Santa Fe, Patagonia|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Croatian diaspora, Croats|
Croatian Argentines are Argentine citizens of Croatian descent or Croatian-born people who reside in Argentina. Croats and their descendants settled in Buenos Aires, the homonymous province, Chaco, and Patagonia. Argentines of Croatian descent number over 250,000.
At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries there were 133 settlements, with some 120,000 Croats in Argentina, for the most part hailing from the coastal regions of Dalmatia and the Croatian Littoral, who were among the first European immigrants to settle in the Argentine pampas. The pioneers from the island of Hvar were followed by emigrants from other parts of Dalmatia and the other historic Croatian lands, mostly present-day Croatia.
The most financially successful of all the Croats in Argentina was also almost the first to arrive: Nikola Mihanović came to Montevideo, Uruguay in 1867, and, having settled in Buenos Aires, Mihanović owned 350 vessels of one kind or another by 1909, including 82 steamers. By 1918, he employed 5,000 people, mostly from his native Dalmatia. Mihanović by himself was thus a major factor in building up a Croat community which remains primarily Dalmatian to this day.
The second wave of Croat immigration was far more numerous, totalling 15,000 by 1939. Mostly peasants, these immigrants fanned out to work the land in Buenos Aires Province, Santa Fe, Chaco, and Patagonia. This wave was accompanied by a numerous clergy to attend their spiritual needs, especially Franciscans.
If the first two waves had been primarily economic, the third wave after World War II was eminently political. Some 20,000 Croatian political refugees came to Argentina, and most became construction workers on Peron's public works projects until they started to pick up some Spanish. Argentina today has the largest number of Croatian descendants in Latin America followed by Chile (120,000-140,000 Croats) and the third largest in the world after the United States.
Notable Croatian Argentines
- Alejandro Spajic - Volleyball player
- Alicia Kirchner Ostoić - Justicialist Party politician and Minister of Social Development
- Daniel Bilos - Association football player
- Daniel Orsanic - Tennis player
- Darío Cvitanich - Association football player
- Davor Ivo Stier - Croatian Democratic Union politician
- Diego Maradona - Association football player
- Antonio Mohamed Matijevich - Association football player
- Emilio Ogñénovich - Bishop of the Roman Catholic Church
- Estanislao Esteban Karlic - Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church
- Fernando Siro - Born Francisco Luksich, actor and director
- Iván Gabrich - Association football player
- Javier Frana - Tennis player
- José María Buljubasich - Association football player
- Juan Vucetich - Anthropologist and police official who pioneered the use of fingerprinting
- Juan Yustrich - football goalkeeper
- Leonardo Pisculichi - Association football player
- Lita Stantic - Filmmaker
- Ljerko Spiller - Violinist
- Marcos Milinkovic - Volleyball player
- Martin Šarić - Association football player
- Nicolás Mihanovich - Shipping magnate
- Nicolás Pavlovich - Association football player
- Néstor Kirchner Ostoić - Former President of Argentina
- Pablo Vranjicán - Association football player
- Sandra Mihanovich - Singer/songwriter
- Sebastián Crismanich - Taekwondo Olympic gold medalist
- Federico Grabich - swimmer
- Maximiliano Stanic - basketball player
- Drago Pilsel - Civil rights activist
- "Entrevista a la Encargada de Negocios de la Embajada de Croacia en Argentina, Diario Buenos Aires" (in Spanish). 5 November 2005. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007.
- (Spanish) Croatas en Sudamerica
- Croats in Argentina