Crucible, Pennsylvania

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Crucible, Pennsylvania
Census-designated place
Crucible is located in Pennsylvania
Crucible
Crucible
Crucible is located in the US
Crucible
Crucible
Coordinates: 39°56′54″N 79°57′53″W / 39.94833°N 79.96472°W / 39.94833; -79.96472Coordinates: 39°56′54″N 79°57′53″W / 39.94833°N 79.96472°W / 39.94833; -79.96472
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Greene
Township Cumberland
Area
 • Total 1.27 sq mi (3.28 km2)
 • Land 1.15 sq mi (2.98 km2)
 • Water 0.11 sq mi (0.29 km2)
Elevation 1,076 ft (328 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 725
 • Density 629/sq mi (243.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 15325
FIPS code 42-17528
GNIS feature ID 1172786[1]

Crucible is a census-designated place and coal town in Greene County, Pennsylvania, United States. Their post office opened in 1914.[2] The 2010 census reported Crucible with a population of 725.[3] 70.6% of households are families, with an average family size of 3.02.

History[edit]

The community of Crucible was built around a coal mine operated by Crucible Coal, Co. Some sources cite that the mine opened in 1910, but others claim that the official opening was in 1913 after the sale of 2,000 acres (810 ha) to Crucible Coal, Co.[4] Crucible had many features typical of a coal town, including company housing, a company store, and a post office. At its peak in 1953, the mine employed 903 people.[5] Over the course of its operation, the mine produced 36.5 million tons of coal. The mine closed in 1961.

The community of Crucible had its own school, which operated under the umbrella of the Carmichaels Area School District, until the 1991-1992 school year, when the new elementary school in Carmichaels opened.[6] The school has subsequently been shut down, but has been used as a haunted house for fundraisers and as a training facility for the local volunteer fire department.

Geography[edit]

Crucible is located in northeastern Greene County, in the northern part of Cumberland Township, on the south side of the Monongahela River. The CDP begins at the riverbank and extends south up the 200-foot-high (60 m) river bluff to a plateau where most of the houses are located. The borough of Rices Landing is 2 miles (3 km) to the west, and Carmichaels is 4 miles (6 km) to the south.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the Crucible CDP has a total area of 1.3 square miles (3.3 km2), of which 1.2 square miles (3.0 km2) are land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2), or 8.91%, are water.[7]

Today[edit]

There are multiple types of homes in the "patch", including one-story single family homes, two-story single family homes, and two-story multiple family homes, or duplexes. Some, if not many, of the homes were built around 1913, when the mine opened. The 2010 census reports that there were 315 housing units at the time of the survey.

The Department of Health currently classifies Crucible, as well as some of the surrounding areas in Greene County, as a medically underserved area.[8] The Census Bureau's 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year estimates show an unemployment rate of 16.9%. It also reports an average household income of $44,884, but a per capita income of only $14,577. 30.7% of families have had their incomes below the federal poverty level in the past 12 months, and 44.6% of families have received SNAP/food stamp benefits in the past 12 months.[9]

The community currently has a post office, a playground, and two citizens clubs. The community has a very active volunteer fire department, that holds bingo weekly, fish fries during Lent, and other events throughout the year.[10]

There is one church in Crucible, St. Mary's Catholic Church, although there are multiple churches nearby, including Greene Valley Church of God and Hewitt Presbyterian Church. There are no stores in Crucible, but residents can travel to nearby Dry Tavern or Carmichaels for grocery stores and pharmacies. There are no restaurants in Crucible, but the Crucible Citizens Club and the Slovak Club offer members a place to grab a drink and a bite to eat.

Notable people[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Crucible, Pennsylvania
  2. ^ http://webpmt.usps.gov/pmt007.cfm. Retrieved 2012-07-30.  Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  3. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Community Facts". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2017-02-06. 
  4. ^ "CRUCIBLE, PA". www.coalcampusa.com. Retrieved 2017-02-06. 
  5. ^ "A Look at Greene County Coal Mines". Ten Mile Creek Country. June 9, 2010. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  6. ^ Williams, E. T. (March 1, 2012). "SWPA Rural Exploration: Crucible Elementary School. Crucible, PA". SWPA Rural Exploration. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  7. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Crucible CDP, Pennsylvania". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2017. 
  8. ^ "Pennsylvania's Currently Designated Medically Underserved Areas/Populations" (PDF). PA Department of Health. 
  9. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Security Check Required". www.facebook.com. Retrieved February 6, 2017.