Cupaniopsis anacardioides

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Tuckeroo
Cupaniopsis anacardioides habit.jpg
Cupaniopsis anacardioides
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Sapindaceae
Genus: Cupaniopsis
Species:
C. anacardioides
Binomial name
Cupaniopsis anacardioides
CupaniopsisanacardioidesDistMap.png
Occurrence data from AVH
Synonyms

Cupania anacardioides A.Rich.

Cupaniopsis anacardioides, with common names tuckeroo, carrotwood, beach tamarind and green-leaved tamarind, is a species of flowering tree in the soapberry family, Sapindaceae, that is native to eastern and northern Australia. The usual habitat is littoral rainforest on sand or near estuaries[citation needed]. The range of natural distribution is from Seven Mile Beach, New South Wales (34.8° S) to Queensland, northern Australia and New Guinea.[3][4]

Cupaniopsis anacardioides is an invasive species in some parts of the United States, primarily Florida and Hawaii.[5][6]

Description[edit]

Growing up to 10 metres (33 ft) with a stem diameter of 50 centimetres (20 in). The bark is smooth grey or brown with raised horizontal lines. The bases of the trees are usually flanged.[3][4]

Leaves are pinnate and alternate with six to ten leaflets. These are not toothed, and are egg-shaped to elliptic-oblong, and 7 to 10 centimetres (2.8 to 3.9 in) long. The tips are often notched or blunt. Leaf veins are evident on both sides. The veins are mostly raised underneath.[3][4]

Greenish white flowers form on panicles from May to July. The fruit is an orange to yellow capsule with three lobes. There is a glossy dark brown seed inside each lobe. The seeds are covered in a bright orange aril. Fruit ripens from October to December, attracting many birds including Australasian figbird, olive-backed oriole and pied currawong.[3][4]

Germination from fresh seed occurs without difficulty, particularly if the seed is removed from the aril and soaked for a few days.[3][4]

Leaves and flowers of the tuckeroo at Wyrrabalong National Park, Australia
Flowers & early fruit, Palm Beach, Sydney, Australia

Uses[edit]

It is an attractive plant as an ornamental or a street tree, particularly in coastal areas as it is salt tolerant.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "APNI Cupaniopsis anacardioides". Australian Plant Name Index. Retrieved 2008-07-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ Radlkofer, L.A.T. (1879) Ueber Cupania und damit verwandte pflanzen. Sitzungsberichte der Mathematisch-Physikalischen Classe der Königlichen Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Munchen 4: 512, 530, 585
  3. ^ a b c d e Harden, Gwen J. (1991). "Cupaniopsis anacardioides". PlantNET - NSW Flora Online. Retrieved 2018-07-19. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ a b c d e Floyd, A. G. (2008). Rainforest Trees of Mainland South-eastern Australia (2nd, Revised ed.). Lismore, New South Wales: Terania Rainforest Publishing. p. 385. ISBN 978-0-958943-67-3. Retrieved 2009-06-18.
  5. ^ "Cupaniopsis anacardioides as a weed in Florida". University of Florida. Retrieved 2009-08-03. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ "Sapindaceae Fruits and Seeds". USDA Agricultural Research Service. Retrieved 2018-07-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ Langeland, K.A.; Enloe, S.F. (2015). "EDIS SS-AGR-165: Natural Area Weeds Carrotwood (Cupaniopsis anacardioides)". University of Florida. Retrieved 2018-07-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External links[edit]