DKT International

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DKT International logo
FounderPhil Harvey
FocusFamily planning and HIV/AIDS prevention
Area served
Africa, Asia, Latin America
MethodSocial marketing of family planning and HIV/AIDS products and services
President & CEO
Christopher Purdy
US $232,063,580[1]

DKT International (DKT) is a charitable non-profit organization that promotes family planning and HIV prevention through social marketing. The Washington, D.C.-based DKT was founded in 1989 by Phil Harvey and operates in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Its revenue largely comes from sales of low-cost contraceptives. In 2017, DKT sold over 666 million condoms, 96 million cycles of oral contraceptives, 20.7 million injectable contraceptives and 3.5 million intrauterine devices (IUDs). This is equivalent to 36 million couple years of protection (CYPs), making DKT one of the largest private providers of contraceptives in the developing world. The average cost per CYP was less than US$2.00.[2] DKT's marketing strategies have included advertising, creating location-specific brands, working with local social networks and militaries, and targeting high-risk groups.[3][4][5][6][7] DKT also works with health workers and clinics that provide family planning products, information, and services.[3] Charity Navigator has given DKT a four-star rating for its finances, with 98.1% of its budget going towards programs and 1.9% towards headquarters expenses and fund raising in 2016.[1]


Phil Harvey became interested in family planning in 1968 while working on emergency food relief for CARE International in India.[8] In 1970, he and his fellow UNC student Tim Black founded the business Adam & Eve in order to finance their charitable activities, and also founded the non-profit health organization Population Services International that same year.[8][9][10][11] DKT International, named for D.K. Tyagi, an early pioneer of family planning in India, was founded in 1989.[12] DKT has grown rapidly over the years; its revenue from selling contraceptives increased from US$4.5 million in 1996 to $120.5 million in 2016, and its couple years of protection increased from 5.7 million in 2002 to more than 36 million in 2017.[13]

In 2006, DKT International refused to take the U.S. government's anti-prostitution pledge, feeling the pledge would interfere with its HIV/AIDS services worldwide. DKT challenged the pledge as a violation of First Amendment rights, with the support of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). Judge Emmet G. Sullivan ruled in favor of DKT in the District Court for the District of Columbia on 18 May 2006, but the D. C. Court of Appeals reversed the decision on 27 February 2007.[14][15] A different organization successfully challenged the pledge before the U.S. Supreme Court in Agency for International Development v. Alliance for Open Society International, Inc.[16]


On 31 December 2013, Phil Harvey stepped down as president after 24 years, replaced by Christopher Purdy. Its board includes Robert Ciszewski, Carlos Garcia, Christopher Purdy, Julie Stewart and Harvey, who also serves as chair of the board.[17] In 2016, 53.2.3% of DKT's revenue was from contraceptive sales and related services, 43.1% from grants and contracts and 3.7% from investment and other income. 58.8% of expenses were related to program costs, 39.3% to contraceptive costs, 1.7% to headquarters expense and other, and 0.2% to fundraising.[18] Revenue from contraceptive sales first exceeded donor support in 2005.[13]


As of 2018, DKT International's donors include: Aman Foundation, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Children's Investment Fund Foundation, David and Lucile Packard Foundation, U.K. Department for International Development (DFID), Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Erik and Edith Bergstrom Foundation, Government of India, Government of Norway, KfW Development Bank, National Philanthropic Trust, National Postcode Lottery (Netherlands), Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD), Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA), United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), WestWind Foundation, William and Flora Hewlett Foundation and anonymous donors.[19]


As of 2017, DKT International had 24 programs with sales in 42 countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America.[20] Some platforms serve more than one country.

Program Geographical area Year created 2017 CYPs Additional info
Brazil Latin America 1991 1,428,706 Program description
China Asia 1996 190,189 Program description
Democratic Republic of Congo Africa 2009 1,194,704 Program description
Egypt Africa 2004 1,732,589 Program description
Ethiopia Africa 1990 3,459,638 Program description
Ghana Africa 2011 411,282 Program description
India - Bihar (Janani) Asia 1996 1,858,053 Program description
India - Mumbai Asia 1992 4,924,383 Program description
Indonesia Asia 1996 9,187,947 Program description
Iran Asia 2014 105,863 Program description
Kenya Africa 2016 59,321 Program description
Mexico Latin America 2003 1,802,040 Program description
Mozambique Africa 2009 333,369 Program description
Myanmar Asia 2014 364,045 Program description
Nigeria Africa 2012 2,103,877 Program description
Pakistan Asia 2012 2,002,130 Program description
Philippines Asia 1991 3,027,161 Program description
Women First Project Global 2014 1,514
Tanzania Africa 2013 110,464 Program description
Thailand Asia 2009 63,730 Program description
Turkey Asia 2008 150,665 Program description
Uganda Africa 2016 7,619 Program description
Vietnam Asia 1993 1,452,840 Program description
West and Central Africa Africa 2015 430,770 Program description


  1. ^ a b "Current Rating - DKT International". Charity Navigator. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
  2. ^ "About DKT". DKT International. Retrieved 16 September 2010.
  3. ^ a b "How Social Marketing Changes Lives". DKT International. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
  4. ^ Batty, David (2 November 2007). "Coffee condoms promote safe sex in Ethiopia". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
  5. ^ Jordon, Miriam (21 September 1999). "Selling Birth Control to India's Poor: Medicine Men Market an Array Of Contraceptives". The Wall Street Journal.
  6. ^ Cheshes, Jay (2002). "Hard-Core Philanthropist". Mother Jones. Archived from the original on 6 March 2008. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
  7. ^ Schnayerson, Ben (24 November 2002). "AIDS in Asia: The Continent's Growing Crisis". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
  8. ^ a b "Philip D. Harvey: King of porn, master of charity (including interview)". Retrieved 5 June 2009.
  9. ^ "About Adam & Eve". Adam & Eve. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
  10. ^ "PSI at a Glance". Population Services International. Retrieved 15 October 2010.
  11. ^ "The Times obituary of Dr Tim Black, CBE 1937 - 2014". Marie Stopes International. Marie Stopes International (Originally published by The Times). Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  12. ^ "Phil Harvey: Kind of blue". The Independent. 23 April 2005. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
  13. ^ a b "Progress Report" (PDF). DKT International. Retrieved 16 September 2010.
  14. ^ "ACLU and Public Health Groups Urge Appeals Court to Reject Bush Global AIDS Gag" (Press release). ACLU. 21 December 2006. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
  15. ^ U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia]]. "DKT International v. USAID" (PDF). Retrieved 5 June 2009.
  16. ^ Roberts, John (20 June 2013). "AGENCY FOR INT'L DEVELOPMENT v. ALLIANCE FOR". Legal Information Institute. Cornell Law School. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  17. ^ "Board". DKT International. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  18. ^ "Operating Financials". DKT International. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
  19. ^ "Donors". DKT International. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  20. ^ "Our Programs". DKT International. Retrieved 8 June 2016.

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