DKT International

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

FounderPhil Harvey
FocusFamily planning and HIV/AIDS prevention
Area served
Sub-Saharan Africa, Middle East and North Africa, Asia, Latin America
MethodSocial marketing of family planning and HIV/AIDS products and services
President & CEO
Christopher Purdy
US $250.9 (2020)

DKT International (DKT) is a charitable non-profit organization that promotes family planning and HIV prevention through social marketing. The Washington, D.C.-based DKT was founded in 1989 by Phil Harvey and operates in 90 countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Its revenue largely comes from sales of low-cost contraceptives. In 2021, DKT sold 901 million condoms, 111 million cycles of oral contraceptives, 26.5 million injectable contraceptives, 20 million emergency contraceptives and 4.7 million intrauterine devices (IUDs), among other products, in 59 countries. This is equivalent to 54.2 million couple years of protection (CYPs), making DKT one of the largest private providers of contraceptives in the developing world. The average cost per CYP was US$1.65.[1] DKT's marketing strategies have included advertising, creating location-specific brands, working with social networks and militaries, and targeting high-risk groups.[2][3][4][5][6] DKT also works with health workers and clinics that provide family planning products, information, and services.[2] Charity Navigator has given DKT a four-star rating for its finances, with 96.5% of its budget going towards programs and 3.4% towards headquarters expenses and fund raising in 2019.


Phil Harvey, the founder of DKT, became interested in family planning in 1968 while working on emergency food relief for CARE International in India.[7] In 1970, he and his fellow University of North Carolina student Tim Black founded the business Adam & Eve in order to finance their charitable activities, and also founded the non-profit health organization Population Services International that same year.[7][8][9][10] DKT International, named for D.K. Tyagi, an early pioneer of family planning in India, was founded in 1989.[11] DKT has grown rapidly over the years; its revenue from selling contraceptives increased from US$4.5 million in 1996 to $167.7 million in 2020, and its couple years of protection increased from 5.7 million in 2002 to 54.2 million in 2021.[12]

In 2006, DKT International refused to take the U.S. government's anti-prostitution pledge, feeling the pledge would interfere with its HIV/AIDS services worldwide. DKT challenged the pledge as a violation of First Amendment rights, with the support of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). Judge Emmet G. Sullivan ruled in favor of DKT in the District Court for the District of Columbia on 18 May 2006, but the D.C. Court of Appeals reversed the decision on 27 February 2007.[13][14]

In 2013, a different organization successfully challenged the pledge before the U.S. Supreme Court in Agency for International Development v. Alliance for Open Society International, Inc.[15]

Harvey passed away on December 2, 2021.


On 31 December 2013, Phil Harvey stepped down as president after 24 years, and was replaced by Christopher Purdy. Its board includes Robert Ciszewski, Carlos Garcia, Christopher Purdy, Matthew Reeves and Julie Stewart. Purdy also serves as chair of the board.[16]

In 2020, 66.8% of DKT's revenue was from contraceptive sales and related services, 26.7% from grants and contracts and 6.5% from other income. 52.2% of expenses were related to program costs, 44.a% to contraceptive costs, 1.4% to headquarters, 0.3% to fundraising and 2.1% to other expenses.[17] Revenue from contraceptive sales first exceeded donor support in 2005.[12]

For its first 26 years, DKT established stand-alone programs in each country and focused on countries with large markets, such as Ethiopia, Brazil and the Philippines. Eventually, though, DKT managers saw the benefits of a regional approach that can serve the reproductive health needs of multiple countries, including smaller ones. Therefore, DKT established its first regional program in French-speaking West and Central Africa in 2015. Since then, DKT has established six other regional platforms with two or more countries. These programs require fewer financial resources per country (and streamlined back office support), and leverages the common language, culture and regulatory environment of the region.[citation needed]

In 2017, DKT launched DKT WomanCare, a marketing and distribution platform to advance DKT’s mission of providing people around the world with reproductive health options. In close partnership with manufacturers, DKT WomanCare provides global integrated supply chain and marketing support. It sells a range of reproductive health products to multilateral bodies, ministries of health, commercial entities and social marketing and family planning organizations, and supports product launches and sales with marketing and training of health providers. in 2021, WomanCare sold products in 102 countries.

In 2021, DKT WomanCare sold 253,512 manual vacuum aspiration kits, 1.5 million cannulae and 1.7 million implants in 90 countries, producing 2 million couple years of protection.


As of 2022, DKT International's donors include: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Children's Investment Fund Foundation, David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Embassy of Sweden, Erik and Edith Bergstrom Foundation, (British) Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office, Gates Philanthropy Partners, Government of Germany (KfW Development Bank), Government of India, Government of Sweden, National Postcode Lottery (Netherlands), Preston-Werner Ventures, Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA), United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS), United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), WestWind Foundation, William and Flora Hewlett Foundation and anonymous donors.[18]


As of 2021, DKT International had 23 programs with sales in 59 countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America.[19] Some platforms serve more than one country.

Program Geographical area Year created 2021 CYPs Additional info
Brazil and South America Latin America 1990 2,614,884 Program description
China Asia 1996 63,455 Program description
Democratic Republic of Congo Africa 2009 2,466,158 Program description
DKT WomanCare Global 2017 2,050,523 Program description
Egypt, Middle East and North Africa Africa/Asia 2004 1,981,009 Program description
Ethiopia Africa 1990 2,560,041 Program description
Francophone West and Central Africa Africa 2015 1,078,084 Program description
Ghana and Anglophone West Africa Africa 2011 1,376,432 Program description
India - Based in Bihar (Janani) Asia 1996 3,110,411 Program description
India - Based in Mumbai Asia 1992 8,250,092 Program description
Indonesia Asia 1996 8,639,066 Program description
Kenya and Uganda Africa 2016 734,542 Program description
Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean Latin America 2003 1,893,865 Program description
Mozambique Africa 2009 476,892 Program description
Myanmar Asia 2014 992,150 Program description
Nigeria Africa 2012 5,124,779 Program description
Pakistan Asia 2012 4,985,587 Program description
Philippines Asia 1990 3,016,828 Program description
Tanzania Africa 2013 393,536 Program description
Thailand Asia 2009 78,391 Program description
Turkey Asia 2008 362,671 Program description
Vietnam Asia 1993 1,590,954 Program description


  1. ^ "About DKT". DKT International. Retrieved 16 September 2010.
  2. ^ a b "How Social Marketing Changes Lives". DKT International. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
  3. ^ Batty, David (2 November 2007). "Coffee condoms promote safe sex in Ethiopia". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
  4. ^ Jordon, Miriam (21 September 1999). "Selling Birth Control to India's Poor: Medicine Men Market an Array Of Contraceptives". The Wall Street Journal.
  5. ^ Cheshes, Jay (2002). "Hard-Core Philanthropist". Mother Jones. Archived from the original on 6 March 2008. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
  6. ^ Schnayerson, Ben (24 November 2002). "AIDS in Asia: The Continent's Growing Crisis". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
  7. ^ a b "Philip D. Harvey: King of porn, master of charity (including interview)". Retrieved 5 June 2009.
  8. ^ "About Adam & Eve". Adam & Eve. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
  9. ^ "PSI at a Glance". Population Services International. Archived from the original on 26 November 2010. Retrieved 15 October 2010.
  10. ^ "The Times obituary of Dr Tim Black, CBE 1937 - 2014". Marie Stopes International. Marie Stopes International (Originally published by The Times). Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  11. ^ "Phil Harvey: Kind of blue". The Independent. 23 April 2005. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
  12. ^ a b "2020 DKT Annual Report" (PDF). DKT International. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  13. ^ "ACLU and Public Health Groups Urge Appeals Court to Reject Bush Global AIDS Gag" (Press release). ACLU. 21 December 2006. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
  14. ^ U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia]]. "DKT International v. USAID" (PDF). Retrieved 5 June 2009.
  15. ^ Roberts, John (20 June 2013). "AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT v. ALLIANCE FOR OPEN SOCIETY INTERNATIONAL". Legal Information Institute. Cornell Law School. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  16. ^ "Board of Directors". DKT International. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  17. ^ "Operating Financials". DKT International. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
  18. ^ "Donors". DKT International. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  19. ^ "Our Programs". DKT International. Retrieved 8 June 2016.

External links[edit]