Dali Town

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Dali

大理镇
Dali Old Town
Dali Old Town
Dali is located in Yunnan
Dali
Dali
Location in Yunnan
Coordinates: 25°42′09″N 100°09′19″E / 25.7026°N 100.1554°E / 25.7026; 100.1554Coordinates: 25°42′09″N 100°09′19″E / 25.7026°N 100.1554°E / 25.7026; 100.1554
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceYunnan
Autonomous prefectureDali
County-level cityDali City
Elevation
2,007 m (6,585 ft)
Population
 (2010)[1]
 • Total82,556
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Dali Old Town
Dali
Chinese name
Chinese大理古城
PostalTali
Bai name
BaiDarl·lit
Hani name
HaniDafli

Dali Town (Chinese: 大理镇; pinyin: Dàlǐ Zhèn) is a township-level division in Dali City, in the northwest of Yunnan province, China. The town contains the historic centre of the county-level city of Dali and is also commonly known as Dali Old Town (Chinese: 大理古城; pinyin: Dàlǐ Gǔchéng). The modern centre of Dali City, however, is 10 km south of the old town at Xiaguan.[2] Being the county seat of Dali City, Xiaguan is often labelled as Dali on maps and is sometimes referred to as Dali New Town (大理新镇) to distinguish it from Dali Town. The old town has become well-known as a tourist site in part thanks to its picturesque location and historic Bai architecture.

History[edit]

An inset of "Ta-Li-Fou" and "El-hai" from Du Halde's 1736 Description of China.
Night view of the area

Dali has long been a regional centre of commerce, being located at a crossroads of trade routes between Tibet, China, Burma, and Southeast Asia. The Bai people first settled the region 3000 years ago.[3] Dali first emerged as the capital of the Nanzhao Kingdom in the 8th century. Later, the town served as the capital of the Kingdom of Dali until its conquest by the Yuan conquest of the area.

The old town of Dali has been preserved in a 1.5 by 1.5 km wide townsite surrounded by its ancient walls. Due to its relatively well-preserved architecture, the town has developed as a major tourist attraction in recent decades. Major sites of interest include the Three Pagodas, Dali Museum, the ancient city gates, an artificial town built as the set for Demi-Gods and Semi-Devils, and the Cang Mountain Range to the west.

Geography[edit]

Dali Town is located in a depression at the southern end of the Yun Mountains, part of the greater Hengduan Mountains at the southeast edge of the Tibetan Plateau. This depression, an extension of the Red River Fault, is filled by Erhai, a lake that is part of the Mekong River basin. The old town of Dali is located on a plain between Erhai on the east and the Cang Mountains to the west.[4]

Transportation[edit]

Dali is served by local public transit buses in Dali City connecting with Xiaguan. The town also has some long-distance bus services that run to Kunming and Lijiang. Highway 214 runs through the town, eventually connecting with Tibet Autonomous Region in the north and Xishuangbanna in the south. The nearest train station and airport are both in Xiaguan.

Tourism[edit]

The old town Dali has been dramatically changed by tourism since the mid 2000s, when a number of bed and breakfast inns began to open to cater to domestic and foreign tourists. Subsequent to pollution of Erhai lake, and a visit from Chinese President Xi Jinping, inns within 20 metres of the lakeside were closed and in some cases demolished, in order to prevent sewage from leaking into the lake.

References[edit]

  1. ^ City Population. "Dàlĭ Zhèn (Dàlĭ Shì)". Retrieved 11 March 2017.
  2. ^ The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica (August 22, 2008). "Dali, China". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved March 10, 2017.
  3. ^ China's Southwest. Lonely Planet. 2007. ISBN 1741041856.
  4. ^ Atlas of China. Beijing, China: SinoMaps Press. 2006. ISBN 9787503141782.