Dalton, New Hampshire

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Dalton, New Hampshire
Town
Location in Coos County, New Hampshire
Location in Coos County, New Hampshire
Coordinates: 44°24′57″N 71°41′41″W / 44.41583°N 71.69472°W / 44.41583; -71.69472Coordinates: 44°24′57″N 71°41′41″W / 44.41583°N 71.69472°W / 44.41583; -71.69472
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Coos
Incorporated 1764
Government
 • Board of Selectmen Nancy McVetty, Chair
Kathy Barden
Jay McCusker
Area
 • Total 28.0 sq mi (72.6 km2)
 • Land 27.5 sq mi (71.2 km2)
 • Water 0.5 sq mi (1.4 km2)  2.00%
Elevation 915 ft (279 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 979
 • Density 35/sq mi (13/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 03598
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-16820
GNIS feature ID 0873573
Website www.townofdalton.com

Dalton is a town in Coos County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 979 at the 2010 census.[1] It is part of the Berlin, NH–VT Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Dalton was incorporated in 1764 under the name Chiswick, named for the Duke of Devonshire's castle. The name was changed to Apthorp in 1770, after the Apthorp family. The name Dalton was chosen in 1784, in honor of Tristram Dalton.[2]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 28.0 square miles (73 km2), of which 27.5 square miles (71 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) is water, comprising 2.00% of the town.[3] The town's highest point is the summit of Dalton Mountain, at 2,146 feet (654 m) above sea level. The town includes the hamlet of Cushman, which is located on the Connecticut River, opposite Gilman, Vermont. Dalton lies fully within the Connecticut River watershed.[4]

Approximately 82% of the town's land—14,390 acres (58.2 km2) out of a total land area of 17,624 acres (71.3 km2)—is undeveloped farm land, forest land or unproductive land enrolled in the state's current use program.[5] The 14,390 acres (58.2 km2) of undeveloped land enrolled in current use is owned by 200 property owners, resulting in an average parcel size of 71.95 acres (291,200 m2) per current use owner. According to the town's property ownership records (available from the town clerk at town hall, 741 Dalton Road, Dalton, NH), the town's largest landowner, together with family members, owns in excess of 1,000 acres (4.0 km2) of land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 14
1800 62 342.9%
1810 235 279.0%
1820 347 47.7%
1830 532 53.3%
1840 664 24.8%
1850 751 13.1%
1860 666 −11.3%
1870 773 16.1%
1880 570 −26.3%
1890 596 4.6%
1900 592 −0.7%
1910 475 −19.8%
1920 460 −3.2%
1930 580 26.1%
1940 642 10.7%
1950 557 −13.2%
1960 567 1.8%
1970 425 −25.0%
1980 672 58.1%
1990 827 23.1%
2000 927 12.1%
2010 979 5.6%
Est. 2015 913 [6] −6.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 927 people, 374 households, and 253 families residing in the town. The population density was 33.7 people per square mile (13.0/km²). There were 520 housing units at an average density of 18.9 per square mile (7.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.76% White, 0.76% African American, 0.54% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.22% from other races, and 1.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.94% of the population.

There were 374 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.1% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.1% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the town, the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 106.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $35,625, and the median income for a family was $41,667. Males had a median income of $29,097 versus $20,089 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,234. About 2.7% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  2. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 99. 
  3. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001) - Dalton town, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved November 8, 2011. 
  4. ^ Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey. 
  5. ^ "2006 Current Use Report". NH Department of Revenue Administration. Retrieved 2008-04-09. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2016. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]