|Date of birth||23 April 1947|
|Place of birth||Jerusalem, Mandatory Palestine|
|Knessets||11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 18|
|Faction represented in Knesset|
|1988–1992||Minister of Justice|
|1996–1997||Minister of Finance|
|2001–2003||Minister without Portfolio|
|2009–2013||Deputy Prime Minister|
|2009–2013||Minister of Intelligence and Atomic Energy|
Dan Meridor (Hebrew: דן מרידור, born 23 April 1947) is an Israeli politician and minister. A longtime member of the Likud party, in the late 1990s he became one of the founders of the Centre Party. He rejoined Likud in the early 2000s, and returned to the Knesset following the 2009 elections. Meridor previously served in government as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Intelligence and Atomic Energy in the Israeli Cabinet. In 2014, Meridor succeeded Avi Primor as president of the Israel Council on Foreign Relations, an institute of international affairs which operates under the auspices of the World Jewish Congress.
Born in Jerusalem towards the end of the Mandate era, Meridor is the son of Eliyahu Meridor, a longtime political associate of Menachem Begin in the Irgun and Herut (which he represented in the Knesset), and Ra'anana Meridor, an associate professor of Classics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
After serving as Cabinet Secretary between 1982 and 1984 (under Begin and Yitzhak Shamir), Meridor ran for the Knesset in the Likud list for the 1984 election. As a freshman member, he was appointed chairman of two legislative subcommittees. He was re-elected in 1988, and was appointed Minister of Justice in Shamir's unity government of 1988–90 and in the right-wing cabinet of 1990–92. He retained his seat in the 1992 and 1996 elections, and was appointed Minister of Finance by Binyamin Netanyahu in 1996.
After successive clashes with Netanyahu, Meridor left the cabinet in June 1997. His public image suffered during that period, when he was compared to Hamlet (for his indecisiveness) and to a fraidy cat on a popular TV show, "Hartzufim".
In 1998, together with several other Likud and Labor Party members, he co-founded Israel in the Centre, which later became the Centre Party. He was elected as a Centre Party MK in the 1999 elections, and was appointed chairman of the Knesset's Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee. After Ariel Sharon became Prime Minister in 2001, Meridor was made a Minister without Portfolio.
In the run-up to the 2006 elections, Meridor received offers by Labor and Yisrael Beiteinu, but he seemed to harbor hopes of being called to Kadima's list. However, his inclusion was vetoed by Ariel Sharon's sons, Gilad and Omri Sharon. He later rejoined Likud, and won seventeenth place on the party's list for the 2009 elections. He returned to the Knesset after the party won 27 seats. In the Netanyahu cabinet formed after that election, Meridor was appointed Minister of Intelligence and Atomic Energy, and Deputy Prime Minister.
Meridor did not contest the 2013 elections.
Meridor's wife Liora is a senior economist, who held several posts in the Bank of Israel, the private sector, and government-sponsored panels. They have four children. Their son Shaul Meridor is the deputy director of the Allocation Branch at the Ministry of Finance.
Dan Meridor has three younger siblings. Haggit Hurvitz is Head of Pediatrics at the Bikur Holim Hospital. Avital Darmon is Director of the Applied Research Initiative in Education. Sallai Meridor was Chairman of the Jewish Agency for Israel and the World Zionist Organization from 1999–2005, and was appointed as Israeli ambassador to the United States in 2006.
Meridor's father was Eliyahu Meridor a member of the Knesset. It was Ya'akov Meridor who was commander of the Irgun Zvai Leumi, not Eliyahu. See Ya'akov Meridor's underground memoirs, Long Is the Road, Yitzhak Shamir's memoirs, Summing Up, or any biography of Menahem Begin for confirmation.
- Ra'anana Meridor, Associate Professor Emeritus of Classics Hebrew University of Jerusalem
- The prince of tides Haaretz
- בובות הוודו של ממשלות ישראל Globes, 14 August 2001 (Hebrew)
- The end of a beautiful friendship Haaretz, 2006
- Tamir, students union announce cancellation of university strike Haaretz, 24 February 2007
- Dan Meridor on the Knesset website
- Dan Meridor debates Saeb Erakat at the International Peace Institute, 25 June 2010 (video)
- Deputy Prime Minister Dan Meridor interviewed by the British Broadcasting Corporation on HARDtalk