Danville, West Virginia

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Danville, West Virginia
Town
Danville Community Center
Danville Community Center
Location of Danville in Boone County, West Virginia.
Location of Danville in Boone County, West Virginia.
Coordinates: 38°4′40″N 81°50′9″W / 38.07778°N 81.83583°W / 38.07778; -81.83583Coordinates: 38°4′40″N 81°50′9″W / 38.07778°N 81.83583°W / 38.07778; -81.83583
Country United States
State West Virginia
County Boone
Area[1]
 • Total 1.08 sq mi (2.80 km2)
 • Land 1.07 sq mi (2.77 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 699 ft (213 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 691
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 640
 • Density 645.8/sq mi (249.3/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code 25053
Area code(s) 304
FIPS code 54-20212[4]
GNIS feature ID 1537999[5]
Website local.wv.gov/danville/
This photo from 1974 is captioned: "Coal yard with loaded rail cars ready to be shipped to customers out of Danville, West Virginia, near Charleston. It is one of the largest transshipment points for coal in the world. A constant stream of rail cars loaded with coal is moved in and out of the small town."

Danville is a town in Boone County, West Virginia, United States. The population was 691 at the 2010 census. Danville was incorporated in 1911 and named for Dan Rock,[6] the town's first postmaster. Danville was formerly known as Newport and Red House.

Geography[edit]

Danville is located in northwestern Boone County at 38°4′40″N 81°50′9″W / 38.07778°N 81.83583°W / 38.07778; -81.83583 (38.077863, -81.835696),[7] The town is situated along the Little Coal River, with its business district lying primarily along the east bank of the river. Madison, the county seat, borders Danville to the south.

West Virginia Route 85, signed as Smoot Avenue within Danville, traverses the town, connecting it with Madison to the south, and terminating at U.S. Route 119 on the north side of town. From this intersection, US 119 continues northeastward in the direction of Charleston, and southwestward to Chapmanville and Logan.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.08 square miles (2.80 km2), of which, 1.07 square miles (2.77 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920327
193048648.6%
1940417−14.2%
195054430.5%
1960507−6.8%
197058014.4%
198072725.3%
1990595−18.2%
2000550−7.6%
201069125.6%
Est. 2016640[3]−7.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 691 people, 303 households, and 150 families residing in the town. The population density was 645.8 inhabitants per square mile (249.3/km2). There were 334 housing units at an average density of 312.1 per square mile (120.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.1% White, 0.6% African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 0.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.

There were 303 households of which 20.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.3% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 50.5% were non-families. 44.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 25.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.98 and the average family size was 2.72.

The median age in the town was 53.6 years. 14.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18.9% were from 25 to 44; 28.4% were from 45 to 64; and 31.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 44.1% male and 55.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 550 people, 285 households, and 139 families residing in the town. The population density was 507.3 per square mile (195.9/km2). There were 325 housing units at an average density of 299.7 per square mile (115.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 99.27% White, 0.36% African American, 0.18% Native American, and 0.18% from two or more races.

There were 285 households out of which 20.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.4% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 51.2% were non-families. Of all households, 48.1% were made up of individuals and 24.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.93 and the average family size was 2.73.

In the town, the population was spread out with 18.0% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 21.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 77.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $21,369, and the median income for a family was $26,397. Males had a median income of $33,125 versus $23,333 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,469. About 13.1% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.3% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.

The population of the zip code tabulation area for 25053, which includes Danville, was 3,376 in 2,000. It was estimated at 3,301 in 2008.[9]

Public services[edit]

Danville is serviced by the Danville Volunteer Fire Department.[10] The department is a fully volunteer organization with an annual budget of $150,000 per year. It provides fire protection and rescue services to the Town of Danville and surrounding areas covering 30 miles (48 km) of Route 119 (Corridor "G").

In popular culture[edit]

Folk musician Dock Boggs composed "Danville Girl":

Well I got off at Danville
Got stuck on the Danville girl
You bet your life she's out of sight
She wore those Danville curls.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2013-01-24. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-24. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Kenny, Hamill (1945). West Virginia Place Names: Their Origin and Meaning, Including the Nomenclature of the Streams and Mountains. Piedmont, WV: The Place Name Press. p. 199. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ city-data.com
  10. ^ Danville Volunteer Fire Department
  11. ^ "Danville Girl". Traditionalmusic. Retrieved January 16, 2017. 

External links[edit]