Elizabeth, West Virginia

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Elizabeth, West Virginia
Town
Location of Elizabeth, West Virginia
Location of Elizabeth, West Virginia
Coordinates: 39°3′46″N 81°23′44″W / 39.06278°N 81.39556°W / 39.06278; -81.39556Coordinates: 39°3′46″N 81°23′44″W / 39.06278°N 81.39556°W / 39.06278; -81.39556
Country United States
State West Virginia
County Wirt
Area[1]
 • Total 0.53 sq mi (1.37 km2)
 • Land 0.47 sq mi (1.22 km2)
 • Water 0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
Elevation 646 ft (197 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 823
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 838
 • Density 1,751.1/sq mi (676.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 26143
Area code(s) 304
FIPS code 54-24364[4]
GNIS feature ID 1538603[5]
The Wirt County Courthouse in Elizabeth in 2006

Elizabeth is a town in Wirt County, West Virginia along the Little Kanawha River.[6] The population was 823 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Wirt County.[7]

History[edit]

The site of Elizabeth was first settled by William Beauchamp (1743-1808) in 1796 when it was still part of the original, vast Harrison County, Virginia. It was known as "Beauchamp's Mills" until 1817 when it was renamed for Elizabeth (Woodyard) Beauchamp (1780-1838), the wife of William's son David Beauchamp (1776-1828).[8][9] Elizabeth was chartered by the Virginia General Assembly in 1822[10] and became the county seat when Wirt County was created in 1848.

Geography[edit]

Elizabeth is located at 39°3′46″N 81°23′44″W / 39.06278°N 81.39556°W / 39.06278; -81.39556 (39.062852, -81.395529).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.53 square miles (1.37 km2), of which, 0.47 square miles (1.22 km2) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) is water.[1]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Elizabeth has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[12]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 395
1890 710 79.7%
1900 657 −7.5%
1910 674 2.6%
1920 681 1.0%
1930 716 5.1%
1940 685 −4.3%
1950 755 10.2%
1960 727 −3.7%
1970 821 12.9%
1980 856 4.3%
1990 900 5.1%
2000 994 10.4%
2010 823 −17.2%
Est. 2015 839 [13] 1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 823 people, 377 households, and 228 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,751.1 inhabitants per square mile (676.1/km2). There were 437 housing units at an average density of 929.8 per square mile (359.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.4% White, 0.7% Asian, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.2% of the population.

There were 377 households of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.3% were married couples living together, 17.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.5% were non-families. 36.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.79.

The median age in the town was 40.7 years. 22.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25% were from 25 to 44; 27.1% were from 45 to 64; and 17.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 47.0% male and 53.0% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 994 people, 408 households, and 261 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,091.3 inhabitants per square mile (799.6 /km²). There were 466 housing units at an average density of 980.4 per square mile (374.8 /km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.20% White, 0.10% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.30% from other races, and 0.20% from two or more races.

There were 408 households out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.9% were married couples living together, 15.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.0% were non-families. 33.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the town, the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 84.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $25,114, and the median income for a family was $30,104. Males had a median income of $24,306 versus $17,813 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,704. About 20.2% of families and 23.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.0% of those under age 18 and 18.5% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2013-01-24. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-24. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2013-06-26. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ DeLorme (1997). West Virginia Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-246-3.
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  8. ^ Kenny, Hamill (1945). West Virginia Place Names: Their Origin and Meaning, Including the Nomenclature of the Streams and Mountains. Piedmont, WV: The Place Name Press. p. 224. 
  9. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 116. 
  10. ^ West Virginia Blue Book. Published annually by the Clerk's Office of the West Virginia Senate.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ Climate Summary for Elizabeth, West Virginia
  13. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.