Deborah Chung

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Deborah Chung
鍾端玲 or 黛博拉 • D • L • 钟
Chung1.JPG
Born
CitizenshipUnited States
Alma materCalifornia Institute of Technology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
AwardsCharles E. Pettinos Award; ranked 14th in the world among materials scientists; ranked 1st in the world among researchers in building and construction
Scientific career
FieldsMaterials science
InstitutionsUniversity at Buffalo, The State University of New York; Carnegie Mellon University
Doctoral advisorMildred S. Dresselhaus

Deborah Duen Ling Chung (professionally known as D.D.L. Chung, Chinese: 鍾端玲 or 黛博拉 • D • L • 钟) is an American scientist and university professor.

Early life and education[edit]

Chung was born and raised in Hong Kong. Her mother was Rebecca Chan Chung (United States World War II veteran with the Flying Tigers and the United States Army in China), whose mother was Lee Sun Chau (one of the first female doctors of Western Medicine in China).

Chung studied at Ying Wa Girls' School and King's College (Hong Kong). She moved to the United States in 1970 and received a B.S. degree in Engineering and Applied Science and an M.S. degree in Engineering Science from California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in 1973.[1] At Caltech, she conducted research under the supervision of Pol Duwez.[2] She, Sharon R. Long, Flora Wu and Stephanie Charles are the four first women to receive B.S. degrees from Caltech.[3][4][5]

Chung received a Ph.D. degree in Materials Science from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1977.[1] Her thesis, which was on graphite intercalation compounds, was supervised by Mildred S. Dresselhaus.[6][7][8][9]

Career and awards[edit]

In 1977, Chung joined the faculty of Carnegie Mellon University, where she taught materials science and electrical engineering.[10]

In 1986, she joined the faculty of University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, where she directs the Composite Materials Research Laboratory[11] and was named Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation Endowed Chair Professor in 1991.[1][12][13] In 1991, she became Fellow of the American Carbon Society.[14] In 1998, she became Fellow of ASM International (society).[15] She received the Chancellor's Award for Excellence in Scholarship and Creative Activities from State University of New York in 2003[16] and was named Outstanding Inventor by State University of New York in 2002.[16][17] In 1993, she was honored as "Teacher of the Year" by Tau Beta Pi (New York Nu).[18] Chung was the first American woman and the first person of Chinese descent to receive the Charles E. Pettinos Award, in 2004; the award was in recognition of her work on functional carbons for thermal, electromagnetic and sensor applications.[19] In 2005, she received the Hsun Lee Lecture Award from Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences.[20] In 2011, she received an Honorary Doctorate Degree from University of Alicante, Alicante, Spain.[21][22][23] In addition, Chung received the Robert Lansing Hardy Gold Medal from American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers (AIME) in 1980.[24]

Scientific work[edit]

Scope[edit]

The main theme of Chung research is composite materials, with emphasis on multifunctional structural materials,[25][26] materials for thermal management and electronic packaging,[27] materials for electromagnetic interference shielding,[28] structural materials for vibration damping,[29] and structural materials for thermoelectricity.[30] Chung invented "smart concrete" (concrete that can sense its own condition),[31][32][33][34][35][36][37] nickel nanofiber (also known as nickel filament, for electromagnetic interference shielding) and conformable thermal paste (for improving thermal contacts, with applications in microelectronic cooling).[38][39] Chung is highly productive in scientific research, with research funding provided mainly by the Federal government of the United States.[40]

Scientific impact[edit]

A. Pioneer and international leader in the field of multifunctional structural materials (without device incorporation), with the following specific contributions.

1. Invention of smart (self-sensing) concrete and associated development of piezoresistivity-based strain sensing in cement-based and carbon fiber composites.[41][42]

2. Discovery of the function of the interlaminar interface in carbon fiber polymer-matrix composites as a sensor, thus enabling unprecedentedly high sensitivity to changes at this damage-prone interface.[43]

3. Development of the self-sensing in carbon fiber polymer-matrix composite beams under flexure by surface resistance measurement, with the strain at the tensile and compressive surfaces separately and sensitively determined, and with the piezoresisitivity mechanism elucidated.[44]

4. Development of capacitance-based self-sensing, with applications including 3D-printing monitoring (with unprecedented ability of sensing interlayer defects in the build).[45]

5. First report of structural capacitors (i.e., capacitors in the form of structural materials).[46]

6. Pioneering the emerging field of conductive dielectric materials, first determination of the electric permittivity of carbons and metals, and discovery of the application in electret-based self-powering (with self-charging capability), with the discovery allowing structures to be energy sources (a new untapped source of energy), and with elucidation of the dielectric behavior in terms of the carrier-atom interaction (carrier meaning the mobile charges).[47][48]

7. Discovery of interface-derived viscoelasticity and the consequent development of structural materials that are effective for vibration damping.[49][50]

B. Pioneer and international leader in the field of thermal interface materials for microelectronic cooling, with the following specific contributions.

1. Changing the paradigm of the design of thermal interface materials from thermal-conductivity-based design to conformability-based design, thereby resulting in the development of superior but low-cost thermal interface materials that excel due to conformability.[51]

2. Development of highly effective thermal pastes with conformable solid components.[52]

C. Pioneer and international leader in the field of materials for electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding, with the following specific contributions.

1. Changing the paradigm of the design of EMI shielding materials from electrical-conductivity-based design to interface-area-based design, thereby resulting in the development of a highly effective EMI shielding material in the form of nickel-coated carbon nanofiber (originally known as nickel filament).[53]

2. Discovery of absorption-dominated EMI shielding in metals, the shielding of which has long been assumed to be dominated by reflection.[54]

3. Discovery of unusually high EMI shielding effectiveness in exfoliated-graphite-based flexible graphite sheets, which are valuable for EMI gasketing.[55]

4. Development of radio-wave reflective concrete and its application in automobile lateral guidance.[56]

Books[edit]

Chung is the author of "Carbon Materials", World Scientific, 2018,[57]Carbon Composites, 2nd Edition, Elsevier, 2016,[58] Functional Materials, World Scientific, 2nd Ed., 2021[59] and Composite Materials: Science and Applications, 2nd Edition, Springer, 2010.[60] She is the Editor of two book series, The Road to Scientific Success[61] and Engineering Materials for Technological Needs.[62]

Professional leadership[edit]

According to the 2020 Stanford University publication-based ranking of all the researchers in the world (living and dead) for all fields (not just science), Chung is ranked No. 14 among 177,931 researchers in the world in the field of Materials. (If only women are counted, Chung is ranked No. 1 in the world in this field. If only researchers of Chinese descent are counted, Chung is ranked No. 1 in the world in this field.) According to the 2021 Stanford University ranking of all the researchers in the world in the field of building and construction, Chung is ranked No. 1. Among the researchers in University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, for all fields combined, Chung is ranked No. 1.[63][64]

Chung is among 100 scientists featured in the book Successful Women Ceramic and Glass Scientists and Engineers: 100 Inspirational Profiles.[65] She has been interviewed by the news media concerning various scientific topics including conductive concrete for melting snow,[66] smart concrete,[67] and batteries.[68]

Chung is Associate Editor of the Journal of Electronic Materials,[69] and is a member of the Editorial Board of the Carbon journal,[70] a member of the Editorial Board of the New Carbon Materials journal,[71] and an Editor of Carbon Letters.[72] She is also a member of the Editorial Board of "Materials Chemistry and Physics" journal,[73] "Functional Composite Materials" journal,[74] and "Polymer and Polymer Composites" journal.[75] She also served as the Chair of the 21st Biennial Conference on Carbon held in Buffalo, New York, in 1993.[76] Moreover, she was a member of the Advisory Committee of the American Carbon Society.[77] In addition, Chung serves as a reviewer for a large number of scientific research journals.[78] Recent work at the National Academies includes serving as a member of the Panel on Review of In-house Laboratory Independent Research in Materials Sciences at the Army’s Research, Development, and Engineering Centers in 2018-19.[79]

Patents[edit]

Chung is the inventor in numerous issued patents related to cement, carbon, ceramics and composites.[80] Recent patents include the following.

D.D.L. Chung, "Cement-based material systems and method for self-sensing and weighing”, U.S. Patent 10,620,062 B2.[81]

D.D.L. Chung, "Systems and method for monitoring three-dimensional printing", U.S. Patent 10449721.[82]

D.D.L. Chung, "Thixotropic liquid-metal-based fluid and its use in making metal-based structures with or without a mold", U.S. Patent 9993996 B2; China Patent CN 105458254A; Hong Kong patent pending[83]

D.D.L. Chung and Xiaoqing Gao, "Microstructured high-temperature hybrid material, its composite material and method of making", U.S. Patent 9409823.[84]

D.D.L. Chung and Sivaraja Muthusamy, "Cement-Graphite Composite Materials for Vibration Damping", U.S. Patent 8,211,227 (2012).[85]

D.D.L. Chung, "Electrically conductive electret and associated electret-based power source and self-powered structure”, U.S. Patent 11081285 (Aug. 3, 2021).[86]

Research journal publications[edit]

Chung's scientific publications have been highly cited. Google Scholar: h-index = 105, 40697 citations, annual citations reaching 3087.[87] Web of Science: h-index = 80, 24588 citations, annual citations reaching 2158. [88]

Chung's scientific journal publications since 2016 are listed below.

  • Murat Ozturk and D.D.L. Chung. Capacitance-based stress self-sensing in asphalt without electrically conductive constituents, with relevance to smart pavements. Sensors and Actuators A 342, 113625 (2022).[89]
  • D.D.L. Chung. Pitfalls in electromagnetic skin-depth determination. J. Electron. Mater. 51, 1893-1899 (2022).[90]
  • D.D.L. Chung. Performance of thermal interface materials. Small 18(16), 2200693 (2022). [91]
  • D.D.L. Chung and Murat Ozturk. Electromagnetic skin depth of cement paste and its thickness dependence. J. Building Eng. 52, 104393 (2022).[92]
  • Xi, Xiang; Ozturk, Murat; Chung, D. D. L. (February 2022). "DC electric polarization of cured cement paste being unexpectedly hindered by free water". Journal of the American Ceramic Society. 105 (2): 1074–1082. doi:10.1111/jace.18121. S2CID 240543966.
  • Chung, D. D. L.; Xi, Xiang (1 April 2022). "A review of the colossal permittivity of electronic conductors, specifically metals and carbons". Materials Research Bulletin. 148: 111654. doi:10.1016/j.materresbull.2021.111654. S2CID 244749933.
  • Chung, D. D. L. (December 2021). "Pitfalls and Methods in the Measurement of the Electrical Resistance and Capacitance of Materials". Journal of Electronic Materials. 50 (12): 6567–6574. Bibcode:2021JEMat..50.6567C. doi:10.1007/s11664-021-09223-w. S2CID 237611844.
  • Chung, D. D. L.; Xi, Xiang (1 December 2021). "Piezopermittivity for capacitance-based strain/stress sensing". Sensors and Actuators A: Physical. 332: 113028. doi:10.1016/j.sna.2021.113028.
  • Yang, Wenyi; Chung, D. D. L. (1 September 2021). "Effect of water on the dielectric behavior of solder". Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics. 32 (17): 22196–22204. doi:10.1007/s10854-021-06700-0. S2CID 236780865.
  • Chung, D. D. L.; Xi, Xiang (30 October 2021). "Factors that govern the electric permittivity of carbon materials in the graphite allotrope family". Carbon. 184: 245–252. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2021.08.016.
  • Chung, D. D. L.; Bannon, Jonah T.; Yang, Wenyi (1 July 2021). "Dielectric behavior discovered in electrically conductive thick film". Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics. 32 (14): 19605–19613. doi:10.1007/s10854-021-06481-6. S2CID 235677990.
  • Yang, Wenyi; Chung, D. D. L. (July 2021). "Electret behavior discovered in solder, specifically tin–silver". Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics. 32 (14): 19145–19156. doi:10.1007/s10854-021-06434-z. S2CID 235630756.
  • Yang, Wenyi; Chung, D. D. L. (June 2021). "First report of the ferroelectric behavior of a metal, as shown for solder". Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics. 32 (12): 16979–16989. doi:10.1007/s10854-021-06262-1. S2CID 235244685.
  • Xi, Xiang; Chung, D. D. L. (15 September 2021). "Effects of cold work, stress and temperature on the dielectric behavior of copper". Materials Chemistry and Physics. 270: 124793. doi:10.1016/j.matchemphys.2021.124793.
  • Ozturk, Murat; Chung, D. D. L. (1 September 2021). "Enhancing the electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness of carbon-fiber reinforced cement paste by coating the carbon fiber with nickel". Journal of Building Engineering. 41: 102757. doi:10.1016/j.jobe.2021.102757.
  • Xi, Xiang; Chung, D. D. L. (30 August 2021). "Dielectric behavior of graphite, with assimilation of the AC permittivity, DC polarization and DC electret". Carbon. 181: 246–259. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2021.05.020. S2CID 236255422.
  • Ozturk, Murat; Chung, D. D. L. (2 August 2021). "Capacitance-based stress self-sensing effectiveness of a model asphalt without functional component". Construction and Building Materials. 294: 123591. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2021.123591. S2CID 236296671.
  • Yang, Wenyi; Chung, D. D. L. (March 2021). "Effect of the cooling rate in solidification on the electrical behavior of solder". Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics. 32 (6): 7867–7874. doi:10.1007/s10854-021-05511-7. S2CID 231982043.
  • Yang, Wenyi; Chung, D. D. L. (March 2021). "Effect of temperature on the electrical conduction and dielectric behavior of solder". Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics. 32 (5): 6511–6519. doi:10.1007/s10854-021-05369-9. S2CID 231841924.
  • Yang, Wenyi; Chung, D. D. L. (March 2021). "Electric polarization and depolarization of solder, and their effects on electrical conduction". Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics. 32 (5): 6214–6227. doi:10.1007/s10854-021-05337-3. ISSN 0957-4522. S2CID 231887183.
  • Chung, D.D.L. (2 January 2021). "Self-sensing concrete: from resistance-based sensing to capacitance-based sensing". International Journal of Smart and Nano Materials. 12 (1): 1–19. Bibcode:2021IJSNM..12....1C. doi:10.1080/19475411.2020.1843560.
  • Chung, D. D. L.; Ozturk, Murat (May 2021). "Radio-wave absorption by aluminum and its dependence on the absorption distance". Journal of Materials Science. 56 (15): 9263–9273. Bibcode:2021JMatS..56.9263C. doi:10.1007/s10853-021-05865-7. S2CID 231957805.
  • Xi, Xiang; Chung, D. D. L. (15 April 2021). "Pyropermittivity and pyroelectret behavior of graphite". Carbon. 174: 357–367. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2020.12.022. S2CID 230593443.
  • Xi, Xiang; Chung, D. D. L. (1 March 2021). "Role of grain boundaries in the dielectric behavior of graphite". Carbon. 173: 1003–1019. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2020.11.081. S2CID 229422311.
  • Chung, D.D.L. (2 January 2021). "Self-sensing concrete: from resistance-based sensing to capacitance-based sensing". International Journal of Smart and Nano Materials. 12 (1): 1–19. Bibcode:2021IJSNM..12....1C. doi:10.1080/19475411.2020.1843560.
  • Xi, Xiang; Chung, D. D. L. (1 February 2021). "Dynamics of the electric polarization and depolarization of graphite". Carbon. 172: 83–95. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2020.09.081. S2CID 224993901.
  • Xi, Xiang; Chung, D. D. L. (15 December 2020). "Deviceless cement-based structures as energy sources that enable structural self-powering". Applied Energy. 280: 115916. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.115916. S2CID 225159488.
  • Chung, D. D. L. (November 2020). "A critical review of piezoresistivity and its application in electrical-resistance-based strain sensing". Journal of Materials Science. 55 (32): 15367–15396. Bibcode:2020JMatS..5515367C. doi:10.1007/s10853-020-05099-z. S2CID 221110457.
  • Chung, D. D. L. (15 November 2020). "Materials for electromagnetic interference shielding". Materials Chemistry and Physics. 255: 123587. doi:10.1016/j.matchemphys.2020.123587. S2CID 225045729.
  • Wu, Xueping; Zhao, Junshuai; Rao, Xu; Chung, D. D. L. (July 2020). "Carbon fiber epoxy‐matrix composites with hydrothermal‐carbon‐coated halloysite nanotube filler exhibiting enhanced strength and thermal conductivity". Polymer Composites. 41 (7): 2687–2703. doi:10.1002/pc.25567. S2CID 216285799.
  • Chung, D. D. L.; Xi, Xiang (1 June 2020). "Electric poling of carbon fiber with and without nickel coating". Carbon. 162: 25–35. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2020.02.019. S2CID 213660353.
  • Xi, Xiang; Chung, D. D. L. (30 April 2020). "Electret behavior of carbon fiber structural composites with carbon and polymer matrices, and its application in self-sensing and self-powering". Carbon. 160: 361–389. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2020.01.035. S2CID 213539795.
  • Xi, Xiang; Chung, D. D. L. (15 April 2020). "Electret behavior of unpoled carbon fiber with and without nickel coating". Carbon. 159: 122–132. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2019.12.033. S2CID 213910170.
  • Xi, Xiang; Chung, D. D. L. (1 January 2020). "Piezoelectret-based and piezoresistivity-based stress self-sensing in steel beams under flexure". Sensors and Actuators A: Physical. 301: 111780. doi:10.1016/j.sna.2019.111780.
  • Chakraborty, Patatri; Zhou, Chi; Chung, D. D. L. (1 February 2020). "Converse piezoelectric behavior of three-dimensionally printed polymer and comparison of the in-plane and out-of-plane behavior". Materials Science and Engineering: B. 252: 114447. doi:10.1016/j.mseb.2019.114447.
  • Guan, Hongtao; Chung, D.D.L. (February 2020). "Radio-wave electrical conductivity and absorption-dominant interaction with radio wave of exfoliated-graphite-based flexible graphite, with relevance to electromagnetic shielding and antennas". Carbon. 157: 549–562. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2019.10.071. S2CID 210246588.
  • Chung, D. D. L. (January 2020). "Thermal Interface Materials". Journal of Electronic Materials. 49 (1): 268–270. Bibcode:2019JEMat..49..268C. doi:10.1007/s11664-019-07732-3.
  • Guan, Hongtao; Chung, D.D.L. (November 2019). "Effect of the planar coil and linear arrangements of continuous carbon fiber tow on the electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness, with comparison of carbon fibers with and without nickel coating". Carbon. 152: 898–908. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2019.06.085. S2CID 198395485.
  • Xi, Xiang; Chung, D D L (1 July 2019). "Electret, piezoelectret and piezoresistivity discovered in steels, with application to structural self-sensing and structural self-powering". Smart Materials and Structures. 28 (7): 075028. Bibcode:2019SMaS...28g5028X. doi:10.1088/1361-665X/ab1dfe. S2CID 198487822.
  • Xi, Xiang; Chung, D.D.L. (September 2019). "Electret, piezoelectret, dielectricity and piezoresistivity discovered in exfoliated-graphite-based flexible graphite, with applications in mechanical sensing and electric powering". Carbon. 150: 531–548. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2019.05.040. S2CID 181457959.
  • Xi, Xiang; Chung, D. D. L. (17 January 2019). "Piezoelectricity, piezoresistivity and dielectricity discovered in solder". Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics. 30 (5): 4462–4472. doi:10.1007/s10854-019-00735-0. S2CID 139644921.
  • Xi, Xiang; Chung, D.D.L. (April 2019). "Piezoresistivity and piezoelectricity discovered in aluminum, with relevance to structural self-sensing". Sensors and Actuators A: Physical. 289: 144–56. doi:10.1016/j.sna.2019.02.013. S2CID 115970840.
  • Xi, Xiang; Chung, D.D.L. (2019). "Capacitance-based self-sensing of flaws and stress in carbon-carbon composite, with reports of the electric permittivity, piezoelectricity and piezoresistivity". Carbon. 146: 447–461. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2019.01.062. S2CID 139926070.
  • Xi, Xiang; Chung, D.D.L. (2019). "Colossal electric permittivity discovered in polyacrylonitrile (PAN) based carbon fiber, with comparison of PAN-based and pitch-based carbon fibers". Carbon. 145: 734–739. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2019.01.069. S2CID 139607383.
  • Xi, Xiang; Chung, D.D.L. (2019). "Piezoelectric and piezoresistive behavior of unmodified carbon fiber". Carbon. 145: 452–461. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2019.01.044. S2CID 139913255.
  • Xi, Xiang; Chung, D.D.L. (2019). "Effect of nickel coating on the stress-dependent electric permittivity, piezoelectricity and piezoresistivity of carbon fiber, with relevance to stress self-sensing". Carbon. 145: 401–410. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2019.01.034. S2CID 139971513.
  • Chung, D.D.L. (2019). "A review of multifunctional polymer-matrix structural composites". Composites Part B: Engineering. 160: 644–660. doi:10.1016/j.compositesb.2018.12.117. S2CID 139181564.
  • Chung, D.D.L. (2018). "Interface-derived solid-state viscoelasticity exhibited by nanostructured and microstructured materials containing carbons or ceramics". Carbon. 144: 567–581. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2018.12.097. S2CID 139877365.
  • Chung, D.D.L.; Eddib, Asma A. (2019). "Effect of fiber lay-up configuration on the electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness of continuous carbon fiber polymer-matrix composite". Carbon. 141: 685–691. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2018.09.081. S2CID 139120158.
  • Eddib, Asma A.; Chung, D.D.L. (2019). "Electric permittivity of carbon fiber". Carbon. 143: 475–480. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2018.11.028. S2CID 139462249.
  • Chakraborty, Patatri; Zhao, Guanglei; Zhou, Chi; Cheng, Chong; Chung, D. D. L. (2019). "Decreasing the shear stress-induced in-plane molecular alignment by unprecedented stereolithographic delay in three-dimensional printing". Journal of Materials Science. 54 (4): 3586–3599. Bibcode:2019JMatS..54.3586C. doi:10.1007/s10853-018-3047-0. S2CID 139792843.
  • Chakraborty, Patatri; Zhou, Chi; Chung, D D L. (2018). "Enhancing the inherent piezoelectric behavior of a three-dimensionally printed acrylate polymer by electrical poling". Smart Materials and Structures. 27 (11): 115038. Bibcode:2018SMaS...27k5038C. doi:10.1088/1361-665X/aae59d. S2CID 116607559.
  • Chakraborty, Patatri; Zhao, Guanglei; Zhou, Chi; Chung, D D L. (2018). "Unprecedented sensing of interlayer defects in three-dimensionally printed polymer by capacitance measurement". Smart Materials and Structures. 27 (11): 115012. Bibcode:2018SMaS...27k5012C. doi:10.1088/1361-665X/aae16e. S2CID 117523290.
  • Chung, D.D.L.; Wang, Yulin (2018). "Capacitance-based stress self-sensing in cement paste without requiring any admixture". Cement and Concrete Composites. 94: 255–263. doi:10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2018.09.017. S2CID 139854530.
  • Chung, D.D.L. (2018). "Thermoelectric polymer-matrix structural and nonstructural composite materials". Advanced Industrial and Engineering Polymer Research. 1: 61–65. doi:10.1016/j.aiepr.2018.04.001.
  • Chung, D.D.L. (2018). "Development, design and applications of structural capacitors". Applied Energy. 231: 89–101. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.09.132. S2CID 116131663.
  • Eddib, Asma A; Chung, D.D.L (2018). "First report of capacitance-based self-sensing and in-plane electric permittivity of carbon fiber polymer-matrix composite". Carbon. 140: 413–427. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2018.08.070. S2CID 139826107.
  • Shi, Kairong; Chung, D D L (2018). "Piezoelectricity-based self-sensing of compressive and flexural stress in cement-based materials without admixture requirement and without poling". Smart Materials and Structures. 27 (10): 105011. Bibcode:2018SMaS...27j5011S. doi:10.1088/1361-665X/aad87f. S2CID 116797964.
  • Chung, D.D.L; Shi, Kairong (2018). "Sensing the stress in steel by capacitance measurement". Sensors and Actuators A: Physical. 274: 244–251. doi:10.1016/j.sna.2018.03.037.
  • Wang, Min; Chung, D. D. L (2018). "High electric permittivity of polymer-modified cement due to the capacitance of the interface between polymer and cement". Journal of Materials Science. 53 (10): 7199. Bibcode:2018JMatS..53.7199W. doi:10.1007/s10853-018-2088-8. S2CID 139584752.
  • Chakraborty, Patatri; Zhou, Chi; Chung, D. D. L (2018). "Piezoelectric behavior of three-dimensionally printed acrylate polymer without filler or poling". Journal of Materials Science. 53 (9): 6819. Bibcode:2018JMatS..53.6819C. doi:10.1007/s10853-018-2006-0. S2CID 139260607.
  • Chung, D.D.L; Somaratna, Sanjaya (2017). "Laboratory simulation of capacitance-based layer-by-layer monitoring of three-dimensional printing". Sensors and Actuators A: Physical. 268: 101–109. doi:10.1016/j.sna.2017.10.061.
  • Gundrati, Naga B; Chakraborty, Patatri; Zhou, Chi; Chung, D.D.L (2018). "First observation of the effect of the layer printing sequence on the molecular structure of three-dimensionally printed polymer, as shown by in-plane capacitance measurement". Composites Part B: Engineering. 140: 78–82. doi:10.1016/j.compositesb.2017.12.008.
  • Gundrati, Naga B; Chakraborty, Patatri; Zhou, Chi; Chung, D.D.L (2018). "Effects of printing conditions on the molecular alignment of three-dimensionally printed polymer". Composites Part B: Engineering. 134: 164–168. doi:10.1016/j.compositesb.2017.09.067.
  • Wang, Min; Chung, D.D.L (2018). "Understanding the increase of the electric permittivity of cement caused by latex addition". Composites Part B: Engineering. 134: 177–185. doi:10.1016/j.compositesb.2017.09.068.
  • Chung, D.D.L; Somaratna, Sanjaya (2017). "Laboratory simulation of capacitance-based layer-by-layer monitoring of three-dimensional printing". Sensors and Actuators A: Physical. 268: 101–109. doi:10.1016/j.sna.2017.10.061.
  • Wang, Yulin; Chung, D. D. L (2017). "Capacitance-based defect detection and defect location determination for cement-based material". Materials and Structures. 50 (6). doi:10.1617/s11527-017-1094-7. S2CID 139728564.
  • Wang, Yulin; Chung, D.D.L (2018). "Capacitance-based nondestructive detection of aggregate proportion variation in a cement-based slab". Composites Part B: Engineering. 134: 18–27. doi:10.1016/j.compositesb.2017.09.015.
  • Wu, Xueping; Zhang, Qingxin; Liu, Cun; Zhang, Xianlong; Chung, D.D.L. (2017). "Carbon-coated sepiolite clay fibers with acid pre-treatment as low-cost organic adsorbents". Carbon. 123: 259–72. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2017.07.063.
  • Haddad, Alexander S.; Chung, D.D.L. (2017). "Decreasing the electric permittivity of cement by graphite particle incorporation". Carbon. 122: 702–9. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2017.06.088.
  • Chakraborty, Patatri; Gundrati, Naga B.; Zhou, Chi; Chung, D.D.L. (2017). "Effect of stress on the capacitance and electric permittivity of three-dimensionally printed polymer, with relevance to capacitance-based stress monitoring". Sensors and Actuators A: Physical. 263: 380–5. doi:10.1016/j.sna.2017.07.008.
  • Wang, Yulin; Chung, D.D.L. (2017). "Effect of the fringing electric field on the apparent electric permittivity of cement-based materials". Composites Part B: Engineering. 126: 192–201. doi:10.1016/j.compositesb.2017.05.080.
  • Hurt, Robert H.; Chung, D.D.L.; Terrones, Mauricio; Kaneko, Katsumi; Thrower, Peter; Endo, Morinobu; Cheng, Hui-Ming; Strano, Michael (2017). "Mildred S. Dresselhaus (1930 – 2017) – A Tribute from the Carbon Journal". Carbon. 119: 573–7. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2017.04.057.
  • Chung, D.D.L. (2017). "Processing-structure-property relationships of continuous carbon fiber polymer-matrix composites". Materials Science and Engineering: R: Reports. 113: 1–29. doi:10.1016/j.mser.2017.01.002.
  • Hong, Xinghua; Yu, Weidong; Chung, D.D.L. (2017). "Significant effect of sorbed water on the electrical and dielectric behavior of graphite oxide". Carbon. 119: 403–18. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2017.04.012.
  • Eddib, Asma A.; Chung, D.D.L. (2017). "The importance of the electrical contact between specimen and testing fixture in evaluating the electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness of carbon materials". Carbon. 117: 427. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2017.02.091.
  • Hong, Xinghua; Chung, D.D.L. (2017). "Carbon nanofiber mats for electromagnetic interference shielding". Carbon. 111: 529. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2016.10.031.
  • Hong, Xinghua; Yu, Weidong; Chung, D.D.L. (2017). "Electric permittivity of reduced graphite oxide". Carbon. 111: 182. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2016.09.071.
  • Hong, Xinghua; Yu, Weidong; Wang, Andi; Chung, D.D.L. (2016). "Graphite oxide paper as a polarizable electrical conductor in the through-thickness direction". Carbon. 109: 874. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2016.08.083.
  • Ramirez, Miguel; Chung, D.D.L. (2016). "Electromechanical, self-sensing and viscoelastic behavior of carbon fiber tows". Carbon. 110: 8. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2016.08.095.
  • Xiao, Lifeng; Chung, D.D.L. (2016). "Mechanical energy dissipation modeling of exfoliated graphite based on interfacial friction theory". Carbon. 108: 291. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2016.06.098.
  • Takizawa, Yoshihiro; Wang, Daojun; Chung, D.D.L. (2016). "Carbon black and fumed alumina exhibiting high interface-derived mechanical energy dissipation". Carbon. 103: 436. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2016.03.033.
  • Takizawa, Yoshihiro; Chung, D. D. L. (2016). "Continuous carbon fiber polymer–matrix composites in unprecedented antiferroelectric coupling providing exceptionally high through-thickness electric permittivity". Journal of Materials Science. 51 (14): 6913. Bibcode:2016JMatS..51.6913T. doi:10.1007/s10853-016-9979-3. S2CID 33372223.
  • Takizawa, Yoshihiro; Chung, D. D. L. (2015). "Through-thickness thermal conduction in glass fiber polymer–matrix composites and its enhancement by composite modification". Journal of Materials Science. 51 (7): 3463. Bibcode:2016JMatS..51.3463T. doi:10.1007/s10853-015-9665-x. S2CID 2052102.
  • Wang, Andi; Chung, D.D.L. (2016). "First report of fumed alumina incorporation in carbon–carbon composite and the consequent improvement of the oxidation resistance and mechanical properties". Carbon. 101: 281. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2016.02.008.
  • Chung, D. D. L. (2015). "A review of exfoliated graphite". Journal of Materials Science. 51 (1): 554. Bibcode:2016JMatS..51..554C. doi:10.1007/s10853-015-9284-6. S2CID 28802916.
  • Delixiati, Ailipati; Chung, D. D. L. (2015). "Bentonite-derived materials preferably with nanocarbon incorporation exhibiting exceptionally high dielectric loss at relatively low electrical conductivity". Journal of Materials Science. 51 (2): 969. Bibcode:2016JMatS..51..969D. doi:10.1007/s10853-015-9426-x. S2CID 1791602.
  • Chen, Po-Hsiu; Xu, Chi; Chung, D.D.L. (2016). "Sound absorption enhancement using solid–solid interfaces in a non-porous cement-based structural material". Composites Part B: Engineering. 95: 453. doi:10.1016/j.compositesb.2016.04.024.
  • Hong, Xinghua; Wang, Daojun; Chung, D.D.L. (2016). "Strong viscous behavior discovered in nanotube mats, as observed in boron nitride nanotube mats". Composites Part B: Engineering. 91: 56. doi:10.1016/j.compositesb.2016.01.001.

Teaching[edit]

Chung is a dedicated teacher of materials science both in the classroom and in the research laboratory. Her courses include Principles of Material Design,[93] Experimental Methods in Materials Science and Engineering[94] and Smart Materials.[95] Most of her research has involved graduate students,[96] but she also supervises undergraduate research.[97] Graduate students involved in authoring the above recent publications are Po-Hsiu Chen, Andi Wang, Yoshihiro Takizawa, Xinghua Hong, Asma A. Eddib, Min Wang, Ailipati Delixiati, Alexander S. Haddad, Xiang Xi and Wenyi Yang. Undergraduate students involved in authoring the above recent publications are Patatri Chakraborty, Sanjaya Somaratna, Miguel Ramirez and Chi Xu. In addition, Chung shares her life experience with students.[98]

Historical work[edit]

Chung is a co-author of the book Piloted to Serve,[99][100][101][102][103] an autobiography of her mother, Rebecca Chan Chung (1920-2011), a nurse with the Flying Tigers, United States Army and China National Aviation Corporation[104] during World War II.[105][106][107][108] Chung's historical work pertains to modern Chinese history, as centered around her mother Rebecca Chan Chung and grandmother Lee Sun Chau (1890-1979). Chau was one of the earliest Chinese female doctors of Western Medicine in China.[109]

Speaking[edit]

Chung speaks broadly on topics related to science and history. Selected lectures are featured on YouTube, including an English channel [110] and a Chinese channel.[111] The venues include conferences,[112][113] universities,[114][115][116][117][118][119] and community events.[120][121][122] Recent keynote/plenary lecture engagements include the 2017 International Carbon Conference held in Sydney, Australia.[123] and the 2021 Turkish 3rd National Carbon Conference.[124]

References[edit]

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  45. ^ Chakraborty, Patatri; Zhao, Guanglei; Zhou, Chi; Chung, D D L (15 October 2018). "Unprecedented sensing of interlayer defects in three-dimensionally printed polymer by capacitance measurement". Smart Materials and Structures. 27 (11): 115012. Bibcode:2018SMaS...27k5012C. doi:10.1088/1361-665x/aae16e. S2CID 117523290.
  46. ^ Luo, Xiangcheng; Chung, D. D. L (1 May 2001). "Carbon-fiber/polymer-matrix composites as capacitors". Composites Science and Technology. 61 (6): 885–888. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.501.8768. doi:10.1016/S0266-3538(00)00166-4.
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  50. ^ Chung, D. D. L. (1 April 2019). "Interface-derived solid-state viscoelasticity exhibited by nanostructured and microstructured materials containing carbons or ceramics". Carbon. 144: 567–581. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2018.12.097. S2CID 139877365.
  51. ^ Leong, Chia-Ken; Chung, D. D. L. (1 January 2003). "Carbon black dispersions as thermal pastes that surpass solder in providing high thermal contact conductance". Carbon. 41 (13): 2459–2469. doi:10.1016/S0008-6223(03)00247-1.
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  58. ^ Carbon Composites. 2017. doi:10.1016/C2014-0-02567-1. ISBN 9780128044599.
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External links[edit]