Delhi–Kalka line

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Delhi–Kalka line
Overview
Status Operational
Locale Delhi, Haryana, Chandigarh
Termini Delhi
Kalka
Operation
Opened 1891
Owner Indian Railway
Operator(s) Northern Railway
Technical
Track length 267 km (166 mi)
Track gauge 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge
Electrification 25kV 50Hz AC OHLE in 1992-2000
Operating speed up to 130 km/h

The Delhi–Kalka line is a railway line connecting Delhi and Kalka. It connects to the UNESCO World Heritage Site Kalka–Shimla Railway.

History[edit]

The Delhi–Ambala–Kalka line was opened in 1891.[1]

The 2 ft (610 mm) wide narrow-gauge Kalka–Shimla Railway was constructed by Delhi–Ambala–Kalka Railway Company and opened for traffic in 1903.[2] In 1905 the line was regauged to 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) wide narrow gauge.

Electrification[edit]

Sabjimandi–Karnal sector was electrified in 1992–1995, Karnal–Kurukshetra sector in 1995–96, Kurukshetra–Ambala in 1996–98?, Ambala-Chandigarh in 1998–99 and Chandigarh–Kalka in 1999–2000.[3]

Loco sheds[edit]

Ambala has a diesel loco shed for minor maintenance of WDS-4 shunters. The locos are sent to Shakurbasti for major maintenance or repairs. Kalka has a narrow gauge diesel shed for the maintenance of ZDM-3 and ZDM-5 narrow gauge diesel locos.[4]

Speed limits[edit]

The Delhi–Panipat–Ambala–Kalka line is classified as a ‘Group B’ line which can take speeds up to 130 km/h.[5]

Passenger movement[edit]

Delhi, Ambala Cantonment and Chandigarh on this line are amongst the top hundred booking stations of Indian Railway.[6]

Railway reorganisation[edit]

In 1952, Eastern Railway, Northern Railway and North Eastern Railway were formed. Eastern Railway was formed with a portion of East Indian Railway Company, east of Mughalsarai and Bengal Nagpur Railway. Northern Railway was formed with a portion of East Indian Railway Company west of Mughalsarai, Jodhpur Railway, Bikaner Railway and Eastern Punjab Railway.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "IR History: Early Days II (1870-1899)". IRFCA. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  2. ^ "Engineer" journal article, circa 1915, reprinted in Narrow Gauge & Industrial Railway Modelling Review, no. 75, July 2008
  3. ^ "History of Electrification". IRFCA. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "Sheds and workshops". IRFCA. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "Chapter II – The Maintenance of Permanent Way". IRFCA. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  6. ^ "Indian Railways Passenger Reservation Enquiry". Availability in trains for Top 100 Booking Stations of Indian Railways. IRFCA. Archived from the original on 10 May 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  7. ^ "Geography – Railway Zones". IRFCA. Retrieved 25 January 2014. 

External links[edit]