Delhi–Kalka line

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Delhi–Kalka line
Status Operational
Locale Delhi, Haryana, Chandigarh
Termini Delhi
Opened 1891
Owner Indian Railway
Operator(s) Northern Railway
Track length 267 km (166 mi)
Track gauge 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge
Electrification 25kV 50Hz AC OHLE in 1992-2000
Operating speed up to 130 km/h

The Delhi–Kalka line is a railway line connecting Delhi and Kalka. It connects to the UNESCO World Heritage Site Kalka–Shimla Railway.


The Delhi–Ambala–Kalka line was opened in 1891.[1]

The 2 ft (610 mm) wide narrow-gauge Kalka–Shimla Railway was constructed by Delhi–Ambala–Kalka Railway Company and opened for traffic in 1903.[2] In 1905 the line was regauged to 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) wide narrow gauge.


Sabjimandi–Karnal sector was electrified in 1992–1995, Karnal–Kurukshetra sector in 1995–96, Kurukshetra–Ambala in 1996–98?, Ambala-Chandigarh in 1998–99 and Chandigarh–Kalka in 1999–2000.[3]

Loco sheds[edit]

Ambala has a diesel loco shed for minor maintenance of WDS-4 shunters. The locos are sent to Shakurbasti for major maintenance or repairs. Kalka has a narrow gauge diesel shed for the maintenance of ZDM-3 and ZDM-5 narrow gauge diesel locos.[4]

Speed limits[edit]

The Delhi–Panipat–Ambala–Kalka line is classified as a ‘Group B’ line which can take speeds up to 130 km/h.[5]

Passenger movement[edit]

Delhi, Ambala Cantonment and Chandigarh on this line are amongst the top hundred booking stations of Indian Railway.[6]

Railway reorganisation[edit]

In 1952, Eastern Railway, Northern Railway and North Eastern Railway were formed. Eastern Railway was formed with a portion of East Indian Railway Company, east of Mughalsarai and Bengal Nagpur Railway. Northern Railway was formed with a portion of East Indian Railway Company west of Mughalsarai, Jodhpur Railway, Bikaner Railway and Eastern Punjab Railway.[7]


  1. ^ "IR History: Early Days II (1870-1899)". IRFCA. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  2. ^ "Engineer" journal article, circa 1915, reprinted in Narrow Gauge & Industrial Railway Modelling Review, no. 75, July 2008
  3. ^ "History of Electrification". IRFCA. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "Sheds and workshops". IRFCA. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "Chapter II – The Maintenance of Permanent Way". IRFCA. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  6. ^ "Indian Railways Passenger Reservation Enquiry". Availability in trains for Top 100 Booking Stations of Indian Railways. IRFCA. Archived from the original on 10 May 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  7. ^ "Geography – Railway Zones". IRFCA. Retrieved 25 January 2014. 

External links[edit]