Dhu al-Qadah

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Dhu al-Qa'dah (Arabic: ذُو ٱلْقَعْدَة‎, Ḏū al-Qa ʿdah, IPA: [ðu‿l.qaʕ.dah]), also spelled Dhu al-Qi'dah or Zu al-Qa'dah, is the eleventh month in the Islamic calendar.

It could possibly mean "possessor or owner of the sitting and seating place" - the space occupied while sitting or the manner of the sitting, pose or posture.

It is one of the four sacred months in Islam during which warfare is prohibited, hence the name "Master of Truces".

In the Ottoman Empire times, the name in Ottoman Turkish was Zi'l-ka'dé,[1] abbreviation Za.[2] In modern Turkish it is Zilkade.

Hadith[edit]

In Islamic eschatology:

  • Abu Hurairah relayed that the Prophet said:

    There will be an Ayah (sign) in (the month of) Ramadan. Then, there will 'isabah (splitting into groups) in Shawwal. Then, there will be fighting in (the month of) Dhu al-Qi'dah. Then, the pilgrim will be robbed in (the month of) Dhu al-Hijjah. Then, the prohibitions will be violated in (the month of) al-Muharram. Then, there will be sound in (the month of) Safar, then the tribes will conflict with each other in the two months of Rabi' al-awwal & Rabi' al-thani. Then, the most amazing thing will happen between (the months of) Jumada and Rajab. Then, a well-fed she-camel will be better than a fortress (castle) sheltering a thousand (people).[3][not specific enough to verify]

Transliteration[edit]

The most correct and most traditionally widespread transliteration of the month according to the thirteenth century Syrian jurist al-Nawawi is Dhu'l Qa'dah. Al-Nawawi also mentions that a smaller group of linguists allow the transliteration Dhu'l-Qi'dah, however.[4] In modern times, it is most commonly referred to as Dhu'l Qi'dah although this is neither linguistically nor historically the strongest position.

Timing[edit]

The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the tropical year, Dhu'l-Qi'dah migrates throughout the seasons. The estimated start and end dates for Dhu'l-Qi'dah, based on the Umm al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia, are:[5]

Dhu'l-Qi'dah dates between 2018 and 2023
AH First day (CE/AD) Last day (CE/AD)
1439 14 July 2018 11 August 2018
1440 04 July 2019 01 August 2019
1441 22 June 2020 21 July 2020
1442 11 June 2021 10 July 2021
1443 31 May 2022 29 June 2022
1444 21 May 2023 18 June 2023

Islamic events[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Youssof, R. (1890). Dictionnaire portatif turc-français de la langue usuelle en caractères latins et turcs. Constantinople. p. 642.
  2. ^ Youssof, R. (1890). Dictionnaire portatif turc-français de la langue usuelle en caractères latins et turcs. Constantinople. p. 632.
  3. ^ Al-Haakim, Naim ibn Hammad, Kitab Al-Fitan
  4. ^ Sharh Sahih Muslim, Kitab al Qisama wal Muharibeen wal Qisas wal Diyyaat, باب تغليظ تحريم الدماء والأعراض والأموال
  5. ^ Umm al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia

External links[edit]