Dihydrolipoyllysine-residue (2-methylpropanoyl)transferase

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dihydrolipoyllysine-residue (2-methylpropanoyl)transferase
EC no.
IntEnzIntEnz view
ExPASyNiceZyme view
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a dihydrolipoyllysine-residue (2-methylpropanoyl)transferase (EC is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

2-methylpropanoyl-CoA + enzyme N6-(dihydrolipoyl)lysine CoA + enzyme N6-(S-[2-methylpropanoyl]dihydrolipoyl)lysine

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are 2-methylpropanoyl-CoA and enzyme N6-(dihydrolipoyl)lysine, whereas its two products are CoA and [[enzyme N6-(S-[2-methylpropanoyl]dihydrolipoyl)lysine]].

This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, specifically those acyltransferases transferring groups other than aminoacyl groups. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 2-methylpropanoyl-CoA:enzyme-N6-(dihydrolipoyl)lysine S-(2-methylpropanoyl)transferase. Other names in common use include dihydrolipoyl transacylase, enzyme-dihydrolipoyllysine:2-methylpropanoyl-CoA, S-(2-methylpropanoyl)transferase, 2-methylpropanoyl-CoA:enzyme-6-N-(dihydrolipoyl)lysine, and S-(2-methylpropanoyl)transferase. This enzyme participates in valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, 6 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1ZWV, 2COO, 2IHW, 2II3, 2II4, and 2II5.


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