Bed size

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Single size beds are usually intended for one person.
Double size beds are usually intended for two persons.

Standard bed sizes are based on standard mattress sizes, which vary from country to country. Bed sizes also vary according to the size and degree of ornamentation of the bed frame. Dimensions and names vary considerably around the world, with most countries having their own standards and terminology. In addition, two mattresses with the same nominal size may still have slightly different dimensions, due to manufacturing tolerances, amount of padding, and support type. Beds are generally rectangular. More specialised shapes may be obtained by special order (for example circular beds). Mattress sizes may differ from bedding sizes.

Factors and different uses[edit]

The choice of an appropriate bed size may depend on:

  • The amount of available space inside the room.
  • Whether the bed is intended to be used by a single person or shared between two (or more).
  • Body size and shape, preferred sleeping position and personal preference (neither too large nor too small).

Buying common sizes may give an increased availability for buying compatible mattresses and bedding. When changing to a different bed size, different sized sheets may be required, although many sheets today are stretchy and have some leeway built in to fit several bed sizes. All else being the same, larger beds also tend to be more expensive.

Some recommend that the bed size should be at least 15 cm (6 in) longer than the height of the person sleeping in it, i.e. 200 cm (79 in; 6 ft 7 in) long for a 185 cm (6 ft 1 in) tall person.[1] Some recommend that a double bed should allow two persons enough room to both lie on their back with their hand behind their head without their elbows touching.[1]

Nomenclature[edit]

Naming standards on different bed sizes and their corresponding actual measurements can vary across national standards. Examples of such nomenclature are names like "Single", "Double", "Queen" or "King" size. Sometimes the naming standards are further divided by adding adjectives such as "Narrow", "Wide", "Extra Wide", "Long", "Extra Long" and so on, which also can vary across national standards.

For example, a King size bed may measure (in width by length):

  • 150 cm × 200 cm (60 in × 80 in) in the UK.
  • 165 cm × 203 cm (65 in × 80 in) in New Zealand.[2]
  • 180 cm × 190 cm (71 in × 75 in) in Portugal, but is also available in 195 and 200 cm (77 and 79 in) lengths.[3]
  • 180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in) in Indonesia.[4]
  • 183 cm × 191 cm (72 in × 75 in) in Singapore[5] and Malaysia.[6]
  • 183 cm × 203 cm (72 in × 80 in) in Australia.[7]
  • 183 cm × 216 cm (72 in × 85 in) in India.[8]
  • 76 in × 80 in (193 cm × 203 cm) in the US.[9]

Because of the growth of international trade and the above potential cause of confusion, bed sizes are becoming more standardised. In most countries, using the International System of Units, bed dimensions most often appear in centimetres, and often only by width and length.[10] In the United States, Canada, and some regions influenced by the former British Empire, dimensions are usually in inches.[11]

Europe[edit]

Comparison diagram of some of the most common European single and double bed sizes.

Europe may traditionally have had more variations in national bed size standards than any other part of the world,[12] but in the recent years a few sizes have become more common than others. Bed sizes are defined in centimetres in all European countries, although supplementary Imperial equivalents are sometimes shown in the United Kingdom.

Today, the most common widths sold by pan European retailers are:

  • 90 and 120 cm (35 and 47 inches) for single beds.[13]
  • 160, 180 and 200 cm (63, 71 and 79 inches) for double beds, with 180 cm arguably being the most common.

Other sizes are also available in some European countries (e.g., 80 or 140 cm (31 or 55 in)), but the widths listed above are the most common when looking at the European market as a whole. 135 cm (54 in) and 150 cm (60 in) [nominal] are more typical in the UK and Ireland.

Today, the 200 cm (79 inches) length is the most common bed length sold by pan European retailers. Lengths of 210 or 220 cm (83 or 87 inches) are often also available by special order. The longer beds are intended for taller persons,[14] and as a rule of thumb 210 cm long beds may be recommended to persons 190 cm (6 ft 3 in) or taller, while 220 cm beds are recommended for persons over 200 cm (6 ft 7 in) tall.[15]

France[edit]

In France, single size beds are usually 90 by 190 centimetres (35 by 75 inches).

The most common sizes for double beds are:

  • 140 cm × 190 cm (55 in × 75 in).
  • 160 cm × 200 cm (63 in × 79 in).
  • 180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in).

Italy[edit]

In Italy, beds are classified by name and use the term piazza as in "one place" Standard sizes are:[16]

Una piazza or singolo ("single")
  • 80 cm × 190 cm (31 in × 75 in).
  • 90 cm × 190 cm (35 in × 75 in).
Una piazza e mezza (11/2)
  • 120 cm × 190 cm (47 in × 75 in).
Due piazze or letto matrimoniale
  • 160 cm × 190 cm (63 in × 75 in).
  • 180 cm × 190 cm (71 in × 75 in).
Piazza francese or "Piazza e Mezza francese"

Due to the popularity of imported beds (especially from IKEA), the 200 centimetres (79 inches) length is becoming more common across all bed sizes.[citation needed]

Northern Europe[edit]

These sizes are for Germany, Poland, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Iceland, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. There are some variations between different countries, but these are the most common sizes:

Single
  • 75 cm × 200 cm (30 in × 79 in), the smallest standard size in Norway,[citation needed] but has become less common in the later years in favour of the 90 cm × 200 cm (35 in × 79 in) size.
  • 80 cm × 200 cm (31 in × 79 in), a common variant in Finland.[citation needed] The shorter 190 cm-long (75-inch) has been a traditional standard for bunk beds in Germany.
  • 90 cm × 200 cm (35 in × 79 in), standard single bed in Germany, Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, also common in the Netherlands. The 210 cm-long (83 in) is an extended variant, while 220 cm-long (87-inch) is an extra-long variant in the Netherlands. The shorter 90 cm × 190 cm-long (35-by-75-inch) has been a traditional standard in Germany, but it is not as common anymore.[citation needed] The wider 100 cm × 200 cm (39 in × 79 in) has also formerly been used in some regions of Germany.[citation needed]
Three-Quarter
  • 120 cm × 200 cm (47 in × 79 in), very common for teens in Norway and Sweden. Referred to as a "doubter" in the Netherlands, somewhat common for younger people.[citation needed]
  • 140 cm × 200 cm (55 in × 79 in), common for teens and tweens in Germany. Somewhat common three-quarters in Scandinavia.[17]

Note: 120 and 140 cm-wide (47-and-55-inch) beds are sometimes considered as "wide" single-beds, and sometimes as "narrow" double-beds.[citation needed]

Double
  • 150 cm × 200 cm (59 in × 79 in), formerly common in Norway, but has yielded in the last years for more common European widths such as 160, 180 and 200 cm (63, 71 and 79 in). Some older Norwegian beds are often only 190 cm-long (75-inch), and vintage beds are even shorter.
  • 160 cm × 200 cm (63 in × 79 in), common.[citation needed]
  • 180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in), most common double bed by current German,[18] Danish, Swedish and Norwegian standards.[citation needed]
  • 200 cm × 200 cm (79 in × 79 in), a common extra-wide bed.

Portugal[edit]

In Portugal, the most common sizes for beds are:

Solteiro (single)
80 cm × 190 cm (31 in × 75 in), can be up to 105 cm × 200 cm (41 in × 79 in).
Casal (double)
140 cm × 190 cm (55 in × 75 in), can be 195 or 200 cm (77 or 79 in) long.
Queen Size
160 cm × 190 cm (63 in × 75 in), can be 180 cm-wide (71-inch) or 190, 195 or 200 cm (75, 77 or 79 in) long.
King Size
180 cm × 190 cm (71 in × 75 in), can be 195 or 200 cm (77 or 79 in) long.
Super King Size
200 cm × 200 cm (79 in × 79 in).

Spain[edit]

In Spain, standardised lengths are 180, 190 and 200 centimetres (71, 75 and 79 inches), with 190 cm being the most common. Standardised widths are 80, 90, 105, 120, 135 or 150 centimetres (31, 35, 41, 47, 53 or 59 inches). The most common bed sizes are:

  • "Individual" (single): 90 cm-wide (35-inch).
  • "Matrimonio" (marital): 135 or 150 cm (53 or 59 in).

Switzerland[edit]

Single
  • 70 cm × 200 cm (28 in × 79 in), only used for double beds with two separate mattresses.
  • 80 cm × 200 cm (31 in × 79 in), only used for double beds with two separate mattresses.
  • 90 cm × 200 cm (35 in × 79 in), common single bed.
  • 120 cm × 200 cm (47 in × 79 in), uncommon, mainly available as European-style futon beds that are sold with mattress, slats and frame.
  • 140 cm × 200 cm (55 in × 79 in), common, especially among young people.
Double
  • 160 cm × 200 cm (63 in × 79 in), common.
  • 180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in), common.
  • 200 cm × 200 cm (79 in × 79 in).

UK and Ireland[edit]

Standard UK and Ireland sizes

In the United Kingdom and Ireland, beds are measured according to the size of mattress they hold, not the dimensions of the bed frame itself; bed sizes are not standardised and may differ between manufacturers.[19][20] Below are the typical bed sizes from the National Bed Federation, which is the trade association for the majority of British and Irish bed manufacturers and their suppliers.[21] Most manufacturers use a standard defined in feet and inches with the metric indicators not being exact equivalents.[19] There can legally be a tolerance of up to ±2 centimetres (0.8 in) in quoted measurements and the size of the mattress itself.[22]

Size Dimensions Notes
Inches[20][19] ~Centimetres
Small Single
2'6" × 6'3"
30 × 75 75 × 190 Common UK size for single-person hospitality (zip & link) twin beds as beds can be combined to make a short King bed.[citation needed]
Single
3'0" × 6'3"
36 × 75 90 × 190 Also a standard hospitality sized single-person twin bed in Ireland,[citation needed] two mattresses can be zip linked to make a short Super King bed.
Small Double
4'0" × 6'3"
48 × 75 120 × 190 Known also as Prince, a ​34 (Three-quarter), or a Four-foot bed. For one person, although can fit two.[23]
Double
4'6" × 6'3"
54 × 75 135 × 190 For two people
King
5'0" × 6'6"
60 × 78 150 × 200 Closest to the North American "Queen" bed size.[23]
Super King
6'0" × 6'6”
72 × 78 180 × 200 Nearly the same size as the 180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in) European Grand King.

It's also noted that some UK retailers may have a "Queen" size that refers to one of the above standard sizes, but there's inconsistency around which size specifically, with both the Small Double and Super King being prevalent.

Less common sizes include:

Size Dimensions Notes
Inches ~Centimetres
Toddler
2'3" × 4'7”
28 × 55 70 × 140 [23] sometimes called a "Cot Bed"
Emperor

7'0" × 7'0"
84 × 84 213 × 213 size can vary by manufacturer[24]
from 200 × 200 cm (~ 6'6" × 6'6", sometimes called a "Small Emperor" and matching King lengths)
to 215 × 215 cm (~7'1" × 7'1", sometimes called a "Large Emperor" or "Super Emperor" to differentiate it when a "Small Emperor" is also offered),
though some also make their regular "Emperor" size as 7' × 7'3" to match the length of a Caesar
Caesar
8' × 7'3"
96 × 87 244 × 221
Super Caesar
9' × 7'3"
108 × 87 274 × 221 length is often customizable
from 6'6" (to match King lengths) or 7' (to match Emperor lengths) to upwards of 8'

As well as UK standard sizes, common European sizes are also sometimes found in the UK from imports and IKEA.[20][25] The typical length of an IKEA and other European mattresses is 79 in (200 cm), whereas UK lengths vary depending on the width of the mattress, being usually either 75 or 78 in (191 or 198 cm).[26] Due to the popularity of imported beds (especially from IKEA), the 200 centimetres (79 inches) length is becoming more common.[citation needed] In 2015, IKEA also started offering UK sizes in Britain alongside their standard European sizes.[27]

Size Dimensions Notes
~Inches[25] Centimetres
European Single
~2'11" × 6'7"
35 × 79 90 × 200 Two mattresses can be zip-linked to make a 5'11" or 71-inch (180 cm) wide European Grand King bed
European Small Double
~3'11" × 6'7"
47 × 79 120 × 200 Common.[citation needed]
European Double
~4'7" × 6'7"
55 × 79 140 × 200 Less common.[citation needed]
European King
~5'3" × 6'7"
63 × 79 160 × 200 Common.[citation needed]
European Grand King
~5'11" × 6'7"
71 × 79 180 × 200 Very common.[citation needed]
Nearly the same as the UK Super King.
European Super King[28]
~6'7" × 6'7"
79 × 79 200 × 200 Common.[citation needed]
Sometimes called "Eastern King" as it's closest to the standard North America King size.

While many companies in the UK offer custom-made bed making services, most mass-produced bed linens, bed frames and mattresses fit only the standard bed sizes above.

North America[edit]

The sizes of mattresses use non-numeric labels such as a "king" or "full", but are defined in inches. Historically most beds were "twins" or "doubles" but in the mid-1940s larger mattresses were introduced by manufacturers. These were later standardised as "queen" and "king", and first made a significant impact on the market in the 1950s and 60s.[29] Standard mattress depth ranges from the "standard" size of 9 inches (23 cm) to "high contour" of up to 13 inches (33 cm). Below are the standard ISPA widths and heights in the United States and Canada,.[30][31] U.S. bed sizes usually have a length of either 74 or 80 in (188 or 203 cm), while UK bed sizes usually have a length of either 75 or 78 in (191 or 198 cm). Widths also differ between the U.S. and UK standards.

Standard North American bed sizes

Note: When dimensions are specified to the half-inch below, the actual dimension called-out by manufactures or various websites may be ± 0.5 inches.[30]

Size Dimensions Notes
Inches[30][31] ~Centimeters
Twin or Single 38.5 × 74.5 98 × 189 This may also be referred to as "Bunk" size (for Bunk Beds).
Twin XL 38.5 × 79.5 98 × 202 Commonly available in college dormitories.
Also used for split King adjustable beds where each half moves independently.
Full or Double 53.5 × 74.5 136 × 189
Queen 60 × 79.5 152 × 202
King 76 × 79.5 193 × 202 Foundation or box spring size can be of two single L or twin XL.

May also be called "Standard King" or "Eastern King" in Europe.[32]

California King 72 × 83.5 183 × 212 May also be called "King Long" or "Western King" in Europe.[32]

Additional names include: "West Coast King" or "WC King" or "Cal King"

Less common sizes include:

Size Dimensions Notes
Inches ~Centimeters
Crib 27.5 × 52 70 × 132
Junior 27.5 × 63 70 × 160
Cot or
Small Single
30 × 75 76 × 191
Antique Single 36 × 72 91 × 183 Common size back in the mid-20th century.
Twin XXL 37.5 × 83.5 95 × 212
Antique or
Antique Double
48 × 72 122 × 183 [33]
Super Single or
Three-quarters or
Small Double
48 × 74.5 122 × 189 Mostly in Canada
Some manufactures produce a Super Single up to 83.5" long (Cal King length).
Others add "XL" to the name denote length (e.g. "Super Single XL" for 79.5" long).
Full XL or Double XL 53.5 × 79.5 136 × 202
Super Queen or
Olympic Queen or
Expanded Queen
66 × 80 168 × 203
California Queen 60 × 83.5 152 × 212 Typically used to replace a wood-framed Queen waterbed.
Super King or
Grand King or
Athletic King or
Texas King
80 × 98 203 × 249 Nearly the longest King bed at 8'3" long.
(Only the Alaska King is longer.)
Wyoming King
7' × 7'
84 × 84 213 × 213 Closest to an Emperor size bed in the UK.
Alberta King or
Alaskan Queen
8' × 8'
96 × 96 244 × 244
Alaska King or
Alaskan King
9' × 9'
108 × 108 274 × 274

There are also a number of specialty sizes for specific use cases:

Size Dimensions Notes
Inches ~Centimetres
Half Queen or
Split Queen
30 × 79.5 76 × 202 For adjustable Queen size beds where each half moves independently.
Half California King or
Split California King
36 × 83.5 91 × 212 For adjustable Cal King size beds where each half moves independently.
Short Queen or
RV Short Queen
60 × 75 152 × 191 Typically found in RVs.
Short King or
RV Short King
72 × 75 183 × 191 Typically found in RVs.
Narrower and shorter than a standard King.
RV King 72 × 80 183 × 203 Narrower than a standard King.
Single Waterbed 36 × 82 91 × 208 Used for conventional waterbed insert inside a Single / Twin waterbed frame.
Super Single Waterbed 47 × 82 119 × 208 Used for conventional waterbed insert inside a Super Single waterbed frame.
Queen Waterbed 58 × 82 147 × 208 Used for conventional waterbed insert inside a Queen waterbed frame.
(Subtract 2 inches from California Queen size)
King Waterbed 70 × 82 178 × 208 Used for conventional waterbed insert inside a King waterbed frame.
(Subtract 2 inches from California King size)
Truck Sleeper Cab
Common Mattress Sizes
(Without Specific Names)
32 × 79 81 × 201 Many additional sizes are considered Standard for trucks,
and custom sizes are available as well.
35 × 79 89 × 201
36 × 76 91 × 193
38 × 80 97 × 203
42 × 80 107 × 203

Bedding in the United States must state the type of bed it is intended for, in addition to the dimensions in both inches and centimeters.[34]

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

The following bed sizes are available in Australia.

Traditional Australian bed sizes.
Size Dimensions Notes
Centimetres Inches
Single[35] 92 × 188 36 × 74
Long Single 92 × 204 36 × 80 Somewhat close to the European 90 cm × 200 cm (35 in × 79 in).
King Single 107 × 203 42 × 80
Three-quarter 120 × 188 47 × 74 Obsolete, but still present.
Double 138 × 188 54 × 74 Same as an American Full or Double.
Queen 153 × 203 60 × 80 Same as an American Queen.
King 183 × 203 72 × 80 Close to the European 180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in).
California King 183 × 213 72 × 84 Same as an American California King.
Super King 204 × 204 80 × 80 Somewhat close to the European 200 cm × 200 cm (79 in × 79 in).

New Zealand[edit]

The following bed sizes are available in New Zealand.

Size Dimensions Notes
Centimetres Inches
Single 92 × 188 36 × 74
Single XL 92 × 203 36 × 80 Close to the European 90 cm × 200 cm (35 in × 79 in).
King Single 107 × 203 42 × 80
Three-quarter 120 × 188 47 × 74 Uncommon.
Double 135 × 188 53 × 74 Close to the American Full or double 137 cm × 188 cm (54 in × 74 in)
Queen 150 × 203 59 × 80 Close to the American Queen 152 cm × 203 cm (60 in × 80 in)
King 165 × 203 65 × 80
Super King 183 × 203 72 × 80 Close to the European 180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in).
Californian King 203 × 203 80 × 80 Not the same as the American California King. Close to the European 200 cm × 200 cm (79 in × 79 in).
Water Bed King 213 × 203 84 × 80

Africa[edit]

South Africa[edit]

In South Africa, bed sizes have standard lengths of either 188 or 200 cm (74 or 79 in),[36] with the latter being called XL variants. XL mattresses have the same widths as their non-XL counterparts.[37] The 200 cm XL length is recommended for persons over 183 cm (6 ft) tall.[38]

Single
92 cm (36 in) wide, either 188 or 200 cm (74 or 79 in) long. The 200 cm long Single XL variant is close to the standard European 90 cm × 200 cm (35 in × 79 in) single bed.
Three-quarter
107 cm (42 in) wide, either 188 or 200 cm (74 or 79 in) long.
Double
137 cm (54 in) wide, either 188 or 200 cm (74 or 79 in) long.
Queen
152 cm (60 in) wide, either 188 or 200 cm (74 or 79 in) long.
King
183 cm (72 in) wide, either 188 or 200 cm (74 or 79 in) long. Equal to the width of two Single mattresses. The 200 cm long King XL variant is close to the standard European 180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in) double bed.
Super King Bed Size
200 cm × 200 cm (79 in × 79 in) only. Exactly equal to the size of the standard European extra wide double bed.

Asia[edit]

India[edit]

In India, the regulation standard has the following sizes available,

  • Single: 91 cm × 198 cm (36 in × 78 in).
  • Double: 122 cm × 198 cm (48 in × 78 in).
  • Queen: 152 cm × 198 cm (60 in × 78 in).
  • King: 183 cm × 198 cm (72 in × 78 in).

China[edit]

In China, the regulation standard has the following sizes available:[39]

  • Lengths: 190, 195, 200, 210 cm (75, 77, 79, 83 in).
  • Single bed widths: 80, 90, 100, 110, 120 cm (31, 35, 39, 43, 47 in).
  • Double bed widths: 135, 140, 150, 180 cm (53, 55, 59, 71 in).

In practice, bed sizes are usually categorized by the width. The length is typically 200 cm, but this may vary. The most common sizes are:

  • 120 cm × 200 cm (47 in × 79 in).
  • 150 cm × 200 cm (59 in × 79 in).
  • 180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in).

There are also other bed sizes available, but they are less common.

Indonesia, Singapore, and Malaysia[edit]

In Indonesia, the standard length is always 200 cm (79 in). The following market-standard sizes are commonly available in Indonesia:[40]

Single 
90 cm × 200 cm (35 in × 79 in).
Double/Twin 
120 cm × 200 cm (47 in × 79 in).
Queen 
160 cm × 200 cm (63 in × 79 in).
King 
180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in).
Super King 
200 cm × 200 cm (79 in × 79 in).

Non-standard width (150 cm or other non-standard sizes) are usually custom built and not commonly sold in the market.

The following bed sizes are available in Singapore and Malaysia:

Single 
91 cm × 191 cm (36 in × 75 in).
Twin size 
99 cm × 191 cm (39 in × 75 in).
Super single 
107 cm × 191 cm (42 in × 75 in).
Queen (double) 
152 cm × 191 cm (60 in × 75 in).
King (double)
183 cm × 191 cm (72 in × 75 in).

Japan[edit]

Standard Japanese bedding sizes are described in the standard JIS S 1102:2017 Beds for domestic use by the Japanese Standards Association.[41]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b A Quick Guide In Choosing The Ideal Bed Size - SLEEPTALKERS
  2. ^ Mattress Sizes: Single, Double, Queen, King & Super King | Bedpost New Zealand
  3. ^ SizeChart.com - Portuguese Bed Sizes
  4. ^ FAQ » Serta Mattress Indonesia
  5. ^ The Definitive Guide to Mattress Sizes in Singapore | Simmons.com.sg
  6. ^ King Size & Queen Size Mattress In Malaysia - Sealy Asia (M) Sdn Bhd
  7. ^ Bed Size Guide | Help & FAQs | Forty Winks
  8. ^ Indian Mattress Sizes and Dimensions - Best Mattress In India
  9. ^ Mattress Size Information - US-Mattress.com
  10. ^ European beds (Sizechart.com)
  11. ^ Standard bed sizes (Bedsizes.com)
  12. ^ Continental European Bed Sizes - bedsizes.biz
  13. ^ Consumer Media (forbrukerliv.no - forbrugsguiden.dk - konsumentmagasinet.se) - Single Size Bed Guide 2019 English translation: "Today the standard is 90 cm [..] "However, it has also become more common with wider single beds" [..] "A 120 cm wide single bed can give a major increase in comfort". (Norwegian original: I dag er standarden 90 cm [..] Det blir likevel mer og mer vanlig med større bredde [..] en enkeltseng med bredde på 120 cm [kan] gjøre en stor forskjell på komforten)
  14. ^ Valg av seng - Slik velger du den beste seng - Les guide her
  15. ^ Rammemadrass - Se stort utvalg & finn de beste rammemadrasser her
  16. ^ Tiwatne, Sid (20 January 2018). "Mattress Dimension Guide". Nectar Sleep. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  17. ^ Trekvart-seng eller halvanden-mands-seng – find den på Bilka.dk
  18. ^ What is a German Double Bed? "A German double bed is typically 180 cm x 200 cm"
  19. ^ a b c "NBF Guidelines: Standard Bed Sizes". National Bed Federation. Archived from the original on 17 December 2013.
  20. ^ a b c "National Bed Federation Bed Buyers' Guide" (PDF). National Bed Federation. 2018.
  21. ^ "Trade Association Elects New President". National Bed Federation. 8 May 2018.
  22. ^ "NBF Guidelines: Tolerances". National Bed Federation. Archived from the original on 2 May 2013.
  23. ^ a b c "Mattress size guide". www.dreams.co.uk. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  24. ^ F&Q How big is an emperor bed UK? thebigbedcompany.com
  25. ^ a b "Bed buyer's guide". IKEA. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  26. ^ IKEA size guide - bed factory direct .co.uk
  27. ^ Ikea booms in Britain after smaller beds introduced | Business | The Guardian
  28. ^ What are European Bed & Mattress Sizes?
  29. ^ "1941-1965: Mattress makers introduce 'king' and 'queen' sizes". BedTimes. 10 June 2016.
  30. ^ a b c "About the Industry". International Sleep Products Association. Archived from the original on 16 December 2004.
  31. ^ a b Sleep Products Voluntary Dimensional Guideline for Bedding Products and Components. International Sleep Products Association. 2001.
  32. ^ a b "California King vs King Size Bed - Difference and Comparison | Diffen". www.diffen.com. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  33. ^ "What size is a three-quarter bed?". Reference. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  34. ^ "Handbook 130 – 2012 Uniform Packaging and Labeling Regulation" (PDF). US National Institute of Standards and Technology. 9 May 2017. p. 81. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
  35. ^ "Single Bed Size & Mattress Dimensions — Standard". www.standardbedsizes.com. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
  36. ^ Mattress Buying Guide - The Sleep Gallery
  37. ^ Bed Sizes by Bedworld - A Quick Guide to bed sizes in South Africa
  38. ^ Bed and Mattresses Sizes in South Africa Explained
  39. ^ "中华人民共和国轻工业标准 QB/T1952.2—99 -- 弹 簧 软 床 垫". 国家轻工业局. 12 July 1999. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  40. ^ https://www.ikea.co.id/in/inspirasi/tips-memilih-jenis-ukuran-kasur-untuk-kamar-tidur (Tips for choosing the right mattress sizes for your bedroom before buying one)
  41. ^ JIS S 1102:2017 Beds for domestic use Japanese title: "JIS S 1102:2017 住宅用普通ベッド - 日本工業規格" (Supersedes "JIS S 1101:1981 Nominal Dimensions Of Domestic Beds", Japanese Standards Association)

External links[edit]

Media related to Beds at Wikimedia Commons

Media related to Mattresses at Wikimedia Commons