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A futon (布団) is a Japanese traditional bedding.
A bedding set consists of both a mattress (敷き布団 shikibuton, lit. "spreading futon") and a duvet (掛け布団 kakebuton, lit. "covering futon"). Both elements of a futon bedding set are pliable enough to be aired, folded and stored away in an oshiire closet during the day, allowing the room to serve for purposes other than as a bedroom.
Western-style futons, which typically resemble low, wooden sofa beds, differ substantially from their Japanese counterparts. They often have the dimensions of a western mattress, and are too thick to fold 180°. They are often set up and stored on a slatted frame, which avoids having to move them to air them, especially in the dry indoor air of a centrally-heated house (Japanese homes were not traditionally centrally-heated).
- Day bed (bed used for other purposes during the day)
- Futon dryer (forced-air portable dryer for airing futons indoors)
- Ken (unit on which houses are traditionally built)
- Sofa bed (converts)
- Tatami (the flooring mats upon which futons are traditionally spread)
- Washitsu (the type of rooms in which futons are frequently used)
- Zabuton (sitting futon, a smaller cushion)
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