List of earthquakes in 2005

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Earthquakes in 2005
Strongest magnitude Indonesia Sumatra earthquake
8.7 Mw
Deadliest Pakistan Pakistan earthquake
7.5 Mw
Total fatalities ~86,000
Number by magnitude
9.0+ 0
8.0−8.9 1
7.0−7.9 10
6.0−6.9 140
5.0−5.9 1693
← 2004
2006 →

To prevent this list from becoming unmanageable, only earthquakes of magnitude 6 or above are included, unless they are notable for some other reason.

Compared to other years[edit]

[edit]
Number of Earthquakes Worldwide for 1999–2009
Magnitude Ranging Between 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
8−9.9 0 1 1 0 1 2 1 2 4 0 1 1 1 2 2 1 1
7−7.9 18 14 15 13 14 14 10 9 14 12 16 21 19 15 17 11 18
6−6.9 118 145 121 126 140 141 140 142 178 168 144 151 204 129 125 144 124
5−5.9 1057 1335 1215 1171 1203 1515 1693 1712 2074 1768 1896 1963 2271 1412 1402 1577 1413
Total 1193 1495 1352 1310 1358 1672 1844 1865 2270 1948 2057 2136 2495 1558 1546 1733 1556

Note that an increase in detected earthquake numbers does not necessarily represent an increase in earthquakes per se. Population increase, habitation spread, and advances in earthquake detection technology all contribute to higher earthquake numbers being recorded over time. USGS's Earthquake Myths has more information.

For exact dates and live earthquakes please visit USGS's Global Earthquake Search Page and Real-time Earthquake Map or EMSC's Real-time Seismicity.

By month[edit]

January[edit]

  • Indonesia Northern Sumatra was struck by a magnitude 6.7 earthquake that occurred on January 1.
  • India The Nicobar Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on January 1.
  • India The Nicobar Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.4 earthquake that occurred on January 2.
  • Macquarie Island was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on January 3.
  • India The Andaman Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on January 4.
  • South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands The South Sandwich Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.0 earthquake that occurred on January 8.
  • Indonesia Northern Sumatra was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on January 9.
  • Iran Gorgan, Iran was struck by a magnitude 5.4 earthquake that occurred on January 10. There were no fatalities, but at least 110 people were injured.
  • Turkey Western Turkey was struck by a magnitude 5.5 earthquake that occurred on January 10. One person was injured.
  • The central Mid-Atlantic Ridge was struck by a magnitude 6.8 earthquake that occurred on January 12.
  • Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on January 14.
  • Indonesia The Sunda Strait was struck by a magnitude 6.0 earthquake that occurred on January 15.
  • Fiji Fiji was struck by a magnitude 6.2 earthquake that occurred on January 16.
  • Federated States of Micronesia The Caroline Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.6 earthquake that occurred on January 16.
  • Federated States of Micronesia The Caroline Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on January 17.
  • Japan Hokkaido was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake that occurred on January 18.
  • Japan Honshu was struck by a magnitude 6.6 earthquake that occurred on January 19. A tsunami with a wave height of 30 cm was recorded.
  • Ecuador Ecuador was struck by a magnitude 6.0 earthquake that occurred on January 21.
  • Solomon Islands The Solomon Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.4 earthquake that occurred on January 22.
  • Indonesia Sulawesi was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake that occurred on January 23. One person was killed and four injured.
  • India The Nicobar Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake that occurred on January 24.
  • Ecuador Ecuador was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on January 24.
  • China Yunnan was struck by a magnitude 4.8 earthquake that occurred on January 25. Three people were injured.
  • Turkey-Iraq The Turkey-Iraq border was struck by a magnitude 5.9 earthquake that occurred on January 25. Two people killed and 22 injured. 80 buildings were damaged.
  • Indonesia Northern Sumatra was struck by a magnitude 6.2 earthquake that occurred on January 26.
  • Ecuador Ecuador was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on January 28.
  • Ecuador Ecuador was struck by a magnitude 6.2 earthquake that occurred on January 28.

February[edit]

  • Indonesia Java was struck by a magnitude 4.8 earthquake that occurred on February 2. One person killed and many injured.
  • Northern Mariana Islands The Mariana Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake that occurred on February 2.
  • Northern Mariana Islands The Mariana Islands was struck by a magnitude 6.6 earthquake that occurred on February 5.
  • Philippines Mindanao was struck by a magnitude 7.1 earthquake that occurred on February 5.
  • Indonesia Northern Sumatra was struck by a magnitude 6.0 earthquake that occurred on February 5.
  • Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on February 7.
  • Vanuatu Vanuatu was struck by a magnitude 6.7 earthquake that occurred on February 8.
  • Indonesia Northern Sumatra was struck by a magnitude 6.0 earthquake that occurred on February 9.
  • Japan The Bonin Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake that occurred on February 9.
  • New Caledonia The Loyalty Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake that occurred on February 10.
  • Kyrgyzstan-China The Kyrgyzstan-China border was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on February 14. At least 6,000 homes destroyed or damaged.
  • Indonesia Kepulauan Talaud was struck by a magnitude 6.5 earthquake that occurred on February 15.
  • Japan Honshu was struck by a magnitude 5.5 earthquake that occurred on February 15. Seven people were injured.
  • The southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge was struck by a magnitude 6.6 earthquake that occurred on February 16.
  • Indonesia Sulawesi was struck by a magnitude 6.5 earthquake that occurred on February 19.
  • Iran Central Iran was struck by a magnitude 6.4 earthquake that occurred on February 22. 612 dead, 1,411 injured. 4 villages were completely destroyed, and 30% to 70% of buildings in more than 40 villages were reported damaged.
  • Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea was struck by a magnitude 6.0 earthquake that occurred on February 23.
  • Indonesia Simeulue was struck by a magnitude 6.8 earthquake that occurred on February 26.

March[edit]

  • Indonesia The Banda Sea was struck by a magnitude 7.1 earthquake that occurred on March 2.
  • Pakistan Quetta was struck by a magnitude 4.9 earthquake that occurred on March 2, injuring 1 person.
  • Taiwan Taiwan was struck by a magnitude 5.7 earthquake that occurred on March 5, injuring 2 people.
  • Solomon Islands The Solomon Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on March 6.
  • Russia Severnaya Zemlya was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake that occurred on March 6.
  • South Africa South Africa was struck by a magnitude 5.0 earthquake that occurred on March 9, killing 2 people and injuring 58.
  • Iran Iran was struck by a magnitude 6.0 earthquake that occurred on March 13.
  • India India was struck by a magnitude 4.9 earthquake that occurred on March 14, injuring 16 people.
  • Guatemala Guatemala was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on March 17.
  • Tonga Tonga was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on March 19.
  • Fiji Fiji was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake that occurred on March 19.
  • Japan Fukuoka was struck by a magnitude 6.6 earthquake that occurred on March 20, killing 1 person.
  • Japan Kyushu was struck by a magnitude 6.6 earthquake that occurred on March 20.
  • Argentina Argentina was struck by a magnitude 6.9 earthquake that occurred on March 21.
  • Argentina Argentina was struck by a magnitude 6.4 earthquake that occurred on March 21.
  • Indonesia The Banda Sea was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on March 26.
  • Indonesia Sumatra was struck by a magnitude 8.7 earthquake that occurred on March 28, killing +1,000 people.
  • Indonesia The Nias region was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on March 28.
  • Indonesia Simeulue was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake that occurred on March 30.
  • Fiji Fiji was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on March 30.
  • Fiji Fiji was struck by a magnitude 6.0 earthquake that occurred on March 31.

April[edit]

  • Norway Svalbard was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on April 2.
  • Indonesia The Nias region was struck by a magnitude 6.0 earthquake that occurred on April 3.
  • Indonesia Northern Sumatra was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake that occurred on April 3.
  • China Xizang was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake that occurred on April 7.
  • Indonesia Kepulauan Batu was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on April 8.
  • New Caledonia The Loyalty Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on April 8.
  • Alaska Kodiak Island was struck by a magnitude 6.0 earthquake that occurred on April 9.
  • Indonesia Kepulauan Mentawai was struck by a magnitude 6.7 earthquake that occurred on April 10.
  • Indonesia Kepulauan Mentawai was struck by a magnitude 6.5 earthquake that occurred on April 10.
  • Indonesia Kepulauan Mentawai was struck by a magnitude 6.4 earthquake that occurred on April 10.
  • Indonesia Simeulue was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on April 11.
  • Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea was struck by a magnitude 6.6 earthquake that occurred on April 11.
  • Peru Peru was struck by a magnitude 6.0 earthquake that occurred on April 11.
  • New Caledonia The Loyalty Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.8 earthquake that occurred on April 11.
  • Indonesia The Nias region was struck by a magnitude 6.4 earthquake that occurred on April 16.
  • Japan Kyushu was struck by a magnitude 5.5 earthquake that occurred on April 19, injuring 58.
  • Indonesia Simeulue was struck by a magnitude 6.2 earthquake that occurred on April 28.

May[edit]

  • Iran Iran was struck by a magnitude 4.9 earthquake that occurred on May 3.
  • Panama Panama was struck by a magnitude 6.5 earthquake that occurred on May 5.
  • Indonesia Sumatra was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake that occurred on May 10.
  • The Pacific-Antarctic Ridge was struck by a magnitude 6.5 earthquake that occurred on May 12.
  • Indonesia The Nias region was struck by a magnitude 6.7 earthquake that occurred on May 14.
  • New Zealand The Kermadec Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.6 earthquake that occurred on May 16.
  • South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands The South Sandwich Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.0 earthquake that occurred on May 18.
  • Tonga Tonga was struck by a magnitude 6.2 earthquake that occurred on May 18.
  • Indonesia Northern Sumatra was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on May 18.
  • Indonesia The Nias region was struck by a magnitude 6.9 earthquake that occurred on May 19.
  • Fiji Fiji was struck by a magnitude 6.0 earthquake that occurred on May 20.
  • Peru-Ecuador The Peru-Ecuador border was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake that occurred on May 21.
  • South Africa South Africa was struck by a magnitude 4.3 earthquake that occurred on May 23. Nineteen miners were injured in a mine collapse at Carletonville.

June[edit]

  • Argentina Argentina was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on June 2.
  • Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on June 4, killing one person and destroying many houses.
  • Turkey Eastern Turkey was struck by a magnitude 5.6 earthquake that occurred on June 6, with five people seriously injured.
  • Indonesia Simeulue was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on June 8.
  • South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands The South Sandwich Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.0 earthquake that occurred on June 12.
  • United States California was struck by a magnitude 5.2 earthquake that occurred on June 12. Several small rockslides occurred on Highway 74.
  • Chile The Tarapacá Region was struck by a magnitude 7.8 earthquake that occurred on June 13, killing 10 people.
  • Alaska The Rat Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.8 earthquake that occurred on June 14.
  • United States California was struck by a magnitude 7.5 earthquake that occurred on June 15. A tsunami was generated with a maximum recorded wave height of 26 cm at Crescent City.
  • United States California was struck by a magnitude 7.2 earthquake that occurred on June 15.
  • Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea was struck by a magnitude 6.2 earthquake that occurred on June 15.
  • Chile Chile was struck by a magnitude 6.4 earthquake that occurred on June 15.
  • United States California was struck by a magnitude 6.6 earthquake that occurred on June 17.
  • Mexico Mexico was struck by a magnitude 6.2 earthquake that occurred on June 27.

July[edit]

  • Nicaragua Managua was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on July 2.
  • The Prince Edward Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake that occurred on July 4.
  • Indonesia Indonesia was struck by a magnitude 6.2 earthquake that occurred on July 5. Many buildings were damaged.
  • South Africa South Africa was struck by a magnitude 2.7 earthquake that occurred on July 5. One miner was killed in Carletonville.
  • The west Chile Rise was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on July 10.
  • The Kermadec Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.0 earthquake that occurred on July 11.
  • New Zealand The Kermadec Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.0 earthquake that occurred on July 23.
  • Japan Tokyo was struck by a magnitude 5.9 earthquake that occurred on July 23, injuring 27 people and damaging one building.
  • India The Nicobar Islands were struck by a magnitude 7.2 earthquake that occurred on July 24. Many buildings were damaged.
  • China Heilongjiang was struck by a magnitude 5.0 earthquake that occurred on July 25, killing one person.
  • United States Dillon, Montana was struck by a magnitude 5.6 earthquake that occurred on July 25, with minor to moderate damage to dozens of buildings, and felt throughout much of the inter-mountain West.
  • The Balleny Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.0 earthquake that occurred on July 30.

August[edit]

  • Nicaragua Nicaragua was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake that occurred on August 3.
  • China Yunnan was struck by a magnitude 5.2 earthquake that occurred on August 5, injuring 9 people.
  • Tonga Tonga was struck by a magnitude 6.0 earthquake that occurred on August 6.
  • The Prince Edward Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.2 earthquake that occurred on August 7.
  • Fiji Fiji was struck by a magnitude 6.0 earthquake that occurred on August 7.
  • Vanuatu Vanuatu was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on August 9.
  • Vanuatu Vanuatu was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on August 9.
  • New Caledonia The Loyalty Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.2 earthquake that occurred on August 11.
  • Northern Mariana Islands The Northern Mariana Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.0 earthquake that occurred on August 13.
  • China Yunnan was struck by a magnitude 4.8 earthquake that occurred on August 13, injuring 26 people.
  • Japan Honshu was struck by a magnitude 7.2 earthquake that occurred on August 16, injuring 39 people.
  • Japan Honshu was struck by a magnitude 7.2 earthquake that occurred on August 16.
  • Japan Honshu was struck by a magnitude 4.8 earthquake that occurred on August 21, injuring 2 people.
  • Japan Honshu was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on August 24.
  • Yemen The Gulf of Aden was struck by a magnitude 6.2 earthquake that occurred on August 26.
  • Panama Panama was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on August 27.
  • Japan Honshu was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on August 30.

September[edit]

  • Indonesia The Celebes Sea was struck by a magnitude 6.0 earthquake that occurred on September 4.
  • The Pacific-Antarctic Ridge was struck by a magnitude 6.2 earthquake that occurred on September 5.
  • Papua New Guinea New Ireland was struck by a magnitude 7.6 earthquake that occurred on September 9.
  • Russia The Kuril Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on September 21.
  • Ethiopia Ethiopia was struck by a magnitude 5.5 earthquake that occurred on September 24. A 500- meter wide zone of tensional fissures and normal faults up to 3 km long was observed in the Dabbahu area. Displacement on some scarps was as much as 1 meter. Dabbahu Volcano began erupting, with the largest eruption occurring on September 26. An estimated 6,500 people were displaced, about 1,000 livestock were killed and roads and water facilities were damaged by the eruption.
  • Vanuatu Vanuatu was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on September 25.
  • Peru Lamas was struck by a magnitude 7.5 earthquake that occurred on September 26, killing 6 people.
  • Papua New Guinea New Britain was struck by a magnitude 6.6 earthquake that occurred on September 29.
  • Papua New Guinea New Britain was struck by a magnitude 6.2 earthquake that occurred on September 29.

October[edit]

  • Peru Moquegua was struck by a magnitude 5.3 earthquake that occurred on October 1, injuring 12 people.
  • Pakistan Pakistan was struck by a magnitude 7.6 earthquake that occurred on October 8, killing +85,000. Felt in Afghanistan and India. It was the strongest earthquake in the region in more than a century.
  • Pakistan Pakistan was struck by a magnitude 6.2 earthquake that occurred on October 8.
  • Pakistan Kashmir was struck by a magnitude 5.2 earthquake that occurred on October 15, killing 2 people. Felt in Islamabad.
  • Russia The Kuril Islands was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on October 15.
  • Taiwan Taiwan was struck by a magnitude 6.4 earthquake that occurred on October 15.
  • Japan Tokyo was struck by a magnitude 5.0 earthquake that occurred on October 16, injuring 2 people.
  • Japan Honshu was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake that occurred on October 19.
  • China Guangxi was struck by a magnitude 4.2 earthquake that occurred on October 27, killing 1 person.
  • The Southeast Indian Ridge was struck by a magnitude 6.5 earthquake that occurred on October 29.

November[edit]

  • Papua New Guinea The Bismarck Sea was struck by a magnitude 6.4 earthquake that occurred on November 5.
  • Japan Honshu was struck by a magnitude 7.0 earthquake that occurred on November 14.
  • Bolivia Bolivia was struck by a magnitude 6.8 earthquake that occurred on November 17.
  • Indonesia Simeulue was struck by a magnitude 6.5 earthquake that occurred on November 19.
  • Alaska Unimak Island was struck by a magnitude 6.2 earthquake that occurred on November 20.
  • Japan Kyushu was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on November 21.
  • Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea was struck by a magnitude 6.2 earthquake that occurred on November 22.
  • China Jiangxi was struck by a magnitude 5.2 earthquake that occurred on November 26, killing 16 people.
  • Iran Iran was struck by a magnitude 5.9 earthquake that occurred on November 27, killing 13 people.
  • Northern Mariana Islands The Northern Mariana Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.0 earthquake that occurred on November 28.
  • Philippines Mindanao was struck by a magnitude 6.4 earthquake that occurred on November 30.

December[edit]

  • Japan Honshu was struck by a magnitude 6.5 earthquake that occurred on December 2.
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo-Tanzania Congo-Tanzania border was struck by a magnitude 6.8 earthquake that occurred on December 5, killing 3 people.
  • The Kermadec Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.4 earthquake that occurred on December 7.
  • Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on December 8.
  • Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea was struck by a magnitude 6.6 earthquake that occurred on December 11.
  • Afghanistan Hindu Kush was struck by a magnitude 6.5 earthquake that occurred on December 12, killing 5 people.
  • Fiji Fiji was struck by a magnitude 6.7 earthquake that occurred on December 13.
  • India Uttarakhand was struck by a magnitude 5.1 earthquake that occurred on December 14, killing 1 person.
  • Japan Honshu was struck by a magnitude 6.0 earthquake that occurred on December 16.
  • Federated States of Micronesia The Federated States of Micronesia was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on December 20.
  • Indonesia The Molucca Sea was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake that occurred on December 21.
  • Panama Panama was struck by a magnitude 6.0 earthquake that occurred on December 21.
  • The Pacific-Antarctic Ridge was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake that occurred on December 22.
  • Ecuador Ecuador was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on December 23.
  • Japan Honshu was struck by a magnitude 4.8 earthquake that occurred on December 24, injuring 1 person.
  • Panama Panama was struck by a magnitude 6.1 earthquake that occurred on December 30.

See also[edit]

References[edit]