Rat Islands

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Map of Rat Islands showing major islands (line between Semisopochnoi Island and Amchitka Pass is the 180th meridian).
Map of the western Aleutian Islands, showing the Rat Islands on the right: Kiska Island (7), Little Kiska Island (8), Segula Island (9), Khvostof Island (10), Davidof Island (11), Little Sitkin Island (12), Rat Island (13), Amchitka Island (14), and Semisopochnoi Island (15).

The Rat Islands (Aleut: Qax̂um tanangis[1]) are a volcanic group of islands in the Aleutian Islands in southwest Alaska, between Buldir Island and the Near Islands group to its west, and Amchitka Pass and the Andreanof Islands group to its east, at about 51°47′17″N 178°18′10″E / 51.78806°N 178.30278°E / 51.78806; 178.30278Coordinates: 51°47′17″N 178°18′10″E / 51.78806°N 178.30278°E / 51.78806; 178.30278.

The largest islands in the group are, from west to east, Kiska, Little Kiska, Segula, Hawadax or Kryssei, Khvostof, Davidof, Little Sitkin, Amchitka, and Semisopochnoi. The total land area of the Rat Islands is 360.849 sq mi (934.594 km2). None of the islands are inhabited.

Hawadax Island

The name Rat Islands is the English translation of the name given to the islands by Captain Fyodor Petrovich Litke in 1827 when he visited the Aleutian Islands on a voyage around the world. The islands are named so because rats were accidentally introduced to Rat Island in about 1780.[2] As of 2009, Rat Island is believed to be rat free;[3] it was renamed Hawadax Island in 2012. However, a post-operation assessment found there was a far higher than expected nontarget mortality associated with the operation;[4] an internal U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Office of Law Enforcement investigation revealed that several laws may have been violated.[5]

The Rat Islands are very earthquake-prone as they are located on the boundary of the Pacific and North American tectonic plates.[citation needed] In 1965, there was a major earthquake with a magnitude of 8.7 in the Rat Islands.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bergsland, K. (1994). Aleut Dictionary. Fairbanks: Alaska Native Language Center. 
  2. ^ http://www.loe.org/shows/segments.htm?programID=09-P13-00029&segmentID=5
  3. ^ "Alaska's Rat Island rat-free after 229 years". Reuters. 12 June 2009. 
  4. ^ The Ornithological Council, "The Rat Island Rat Eradication Project: A Critical Evaluation of Nontarget Mortality", 2010.
  5. ^ U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, "Report of Investigation: Rat Island Mortality", 2010.

Further reading[edit]

  • Stolzenburg, William (2012). Rat Island: Predators in Paradise and the World’s Greatest Wildlife Rescue. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 9781408825174. 

External links[edit]