East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana
|East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana|
East Feliciana Parish Courthouse
Location in the U.S. state of Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Marie Felice de Gálvez|
|• Total||456 sq mi (1,181 km2)|
|• Land||453 sq mi (1,173 km2)|
|• Water||2.4 sq mi (6 km2), 0.5%|
|• Density||45/sq mi (17/km²)|
|Congressional districts||5th, 6th|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
The parish was part of Feliciana Parish, which was founded in 1810 and then divided, in 1824, into East Feliciana Parish and West Feliciana Parish. Feliciana is derived from a Spanish rendering of the French word "Felicité" which means happiness. The Louisiana State Insane Asylum was established near Jackson, Louisiana, in 1847. It was greatly enlarged and improved under the administration of Dr. John Welch Jones, who was appointed as superintendent in 1874. The institution was later called East Louisiana State Hospital.
The Margaret Dixon Correctional Institute is located in Jackson, as well. It opened in 1976 and is named for the crusading managing editor of the Baton Rouge Morning Advocate, who argued for the decentralization of the Louisiana State Penitentiary at Angola, in neighboring West Feliciana Parish.
- U.S. Highway 61
- Louisiana Highway 10
- Louisiana Highway 19
- Louisiana Highway 63
- Louisiana Highway 67
- Louisiana Highway 68
- Louisiana Highway 69
Adjacent parishes and counties
- Wilkinson County, Mississippi (northwest)
- Amite County, Mississippi (northeast)
- St. Helena Parish (east)
- East Baton Rouge Parish (south)
- West Feliciana Parish (west)
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 20,267 people residing in the parish. 53.2% were White, 44.9% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% of some other race and 1.1% of two or more races. 1.0% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).
At the 2000 census, there were 21,360 people, 6,699 households, and 5,030 families residing in the parish. The population density was 47 per square mile (18/km²). There were 7,915 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 51.79% White, 47.08% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.18% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. 0.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 6,699 households of which 35.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.40% were married couples living together, 18.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.90% were non-families. 22.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.26.
25.70% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 10.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 116.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 119.40 males.
The median household income was $31,631, and the median family income was $37,278. Males had a median income of $31,804 versus $20,243 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $15,428. About 18.30% of families and 23.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.70% of those under age 18 and 21.20% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
East Louisiana State Hospital, currently referred to as Eastern Louisiana Mental Health System (ELMHS)is located in Jackson. Its main building is considered to be one of the largest and most significant Greek Revival buildings in Louisiana, it has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places. The institution was one of the first mental hospitals in the South.
The Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections operates the Dixon Correctional Institute in Jackson.
East Feliciana Parish School Board operates public schools in the parish. Elementary schools include Jackson Elementary School, Slaughter Elementary School, and Clinton Elementary School. Upper public schools include East Feliciana Middle and Highschool.
Silliman Institute in Clinton was established in the late 1960s as a directed response to federal courts ordering the desegregation of the East Feliciana public school system.
- Robby Carter (born 1960), state representative for East Feliciana, St. Helena, and Tangipahoa parishes, 1996-2008 and since 2016
- Donna Douglas (1932-2015), actress who starred on The Beverly Hillbillies. She is buried in Bluff Creek's Baptist Church cemetery.
- Erick Erickson, Editor of RedState.com and 69th most influential conservative in America
- Thomas Jackson, Sr. (1757-1844), fought in Revolutionary War.
- John Welch Jones (1826-1916), medical doctor, Confederate cavalry officer and one-time superintendent of the Louisiana State Insane Asylum
- Junius Wallace Jones (1890-1977), Major-General, United States Air Force
- Tom McVea, former state representative and former member of the East Feliciana Parish Police Jury
- Eddie Robinson, legendary football coach at Grambling State University, was born in Jackson, Louisiana.
- Richard Stalder, former secretary of the Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections from 1992 to 2008; former warden of Dixon Correctional Institute in Jackson
- E. M. Toler, physician and coroner who served in the Louisiana State Senate for East and West Feliciana parishes from 1944 to 1954
- John D. Travis (1940-2016), state representative for District 62, including his native East Feliciana Parish, 1984 to 2000
- Roosevelt Underwood (1989-1993) First African American Mayor Elected in East Feliciana Parish. (Elected by majority vote April 1989 election held in Wilson, LA)
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Demajo, J. "History of East Feliciana". Feliciana Tourism. East Feliciana Tourist Commission. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Dixon Correctional Institute." Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections. Retrieved on August 29, 2010.
- "About the School" (Archived 2015-04-15 at WebCite). Wilkinson County Christian Academy. Retrieved on April 15, 2015.
- "The most influential US conservatives 2007: 61-80". The Daily Telegraph. London. 2007-10-30. Retrieved 2010-05-01.
- Thomas Jackson, Sr.
- "John D. Travis Obituary". The Baton Rouge Advocate. April 22, 2016. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
- East Feliciana Parish Police Jury
- East Feliciana Tourism
- Explore the History and Culture of Southeastern Louisiana, a National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
||Wilkinson County, Mississippi||Amite County, Mississippi|
|West Feliciana Parish||St. Helena Parish|
|East Baton Rouge Parish|