St. Helena Parish, Louisiana

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Saint Helena Parish
Parish of St. Helena
Greensburg Land Office
Map of Louisiana highlighting Saint Helena Parish
Location within the U.S. state of Louisiana
Map of the United States highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 30°49′N 90°43′W / 30.82°N 90.71°W / 30.82; -90.71
Country United States
State Louisiana
Founded1810
Named forSaint Helena
SeatGreensburg
Largest townGreensburg
Area
 • Total409 sq mi (1,060 km2)
 • Land408 sq mi (1,060 km2)
 • Water1.1 sq mi (3 km2)  0.3%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total10,920
 • Density27/sq mi (10/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts5th, 6th
Websitesthelenaparish.la.gov

St. Helena Parish (French: Paroisse de Sainte-Hélène) is a parish in the U.S. state of Louisiana. At the 2010 United States census, the population was 11,203,[1] and 10,920 at the 2020 census.[2] Its seat is Greensburg.[3] The parish was created in 1810.[4] St. Helena Parish is part of the Baton Rouge metropolitan area.

History[edit]

The parish is one of the eight Florida Parishes, a region which was once part of colonial West Florida. The area was annexed to the Territory of Orleans in 1810, after the short-lived Republic of West Florida capitulated to the United States.

In 1832, the southern section of the parish was taken to form Livingston Parish and the St. Helena parish seat was redesignated as Greensburg, where it remains today. St. Helena lost another portion of land in 1866, which was subsequently added to land from other parishes to form Tangipahoa Parish.

From 1964 to 1984, St. Helena Parish was represented in the Louisiana State Senate by the Democrat businessman W. E. "Bill" Dykes. In 1983, as a casualty of redistricting, Dykes bowed out of contention in a race which would have pitted him against long-term Senate President Sixty Rayburn of Bogalusa, Louisiana. Rayburn himself lost his senate seat in 1995.[5]

In recent years, St. Helena experienced a series of scandals involving parish officials. In 1997, Sheriff Eugene Holland (13 October 1954-14 December 2010)[6] was found guilty of misuse of government funds and property and using prison inmates for personal labor; he spent time in prison as a result.[7] His replacement, Chaney L. Phillips (born c. 1950), served for only a year as sheriff before he was convicted of fraud and money laundering that he had committed while serving as the parish assessor.[8] He was given an eight-year prison sentence on conviction in 1998 of having placed a political supporter on his assessor office staff; the individual performed no duties. Phillips was assigned to the Federal Correctional Institution in Englewood, Colorado.[9] He was released on May 23, 2003.[10]

Ronald "Gun" Ficklin, former mayor of Greensburg, took over the sheriff's office from Phillips in 1998, but on February 5, 2007, Ficklin himself pleaded guilty on multiple counts involving his role in operating "chop shops" — reselling stolen automobiles and parts — using state prisoners to staff these activities and as a pit crew for his race car.[11][12] Ficklin died of cancer while in prison (21 October 2011).[13]

In 2007, Nat Williams was elected as Ficklin's replacement, the first African American to hold the office in that parish.[14]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 409 square miles (1,060 km2), of which 408 square miles (1,060 km2) is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) (0.3%) is water.[15] It is located in the northern tier of the Florida Parishes, and within the Baton Rouge metropolitan area.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent parishes and counties[edit]

Communities[edit]

Town[edit]

Village[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18203,026
18304,02833.1%
18403,525−12.5%
18504,56129.4%
18607,13056.3%
18705,423−23.9%
18807,50438.4%
18908,0627.4%
19008,4795.2%
19109,1728.2%
19208,427−8.1%
19308,4920.8%
19409,54212.4%
19509,013−5.5%
19609,1621.7%
19709,9378.5%
19809,827−1.1%
19909,8740.5%
200010,5256.6%
201011,2036.4%
202010,920−2.5%
US Decennial Census[16]
1790-1960[17] 1900-1990[18]
1990-2000[19] 2010-2013[1]

At the 2010 United States census, there were 11,203 people living in the parish, and at the 2000 U.S. census, there were 10,525 people. The 2019 American Community Survey estimated 10,297 people lived in the parish. The 2020 census tabulated a total of 10,920 residents. In 2019, there were 3,857 households, down from 3,873 at the 2000 census.[20]

The racial and ethnic makeup at the 2019 census-estimates was 52.5% Black and African American, 45.7% non-Hispanic white, 1.1% American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% some other race, and 0.2% multiracial; Hispanics and Latin Americans of any race made up 1.8% of the total population. In 2010, the racial and ethnic makeup was 53.3% Black and African American, 44.9% White American, 0.3% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.5% of some other race and 0.8% of two or more races; 0.9% were Hispanic and Latin American of any race.

Of the 3,857 households at the 2019 census-estimates, 78.7% were aged 18 and older, 5.4% aged 5 and under, and 18.9% aged 65 and older.[20] The median age was 39.4, up from 35 at the 2000 census.

The parish had an employment rate of 45.9%, and the population was spread throughout 5,330 housing units. An estimated 78.9% of the population owned their housing units. The median value of an owner-occupied housing unit was $100,100, and the median gross rent was $656. The median income for a household in the parish was $43,886; males had a median income of $52,398 versus $31,003 for females. An estimated 24.3% of the parish population lived at or below the poverty line in 2019.

Education[edit]

The Elementary and High School in St. Helena Parish are part of the St. Helena Parish School System. The Middle School in St. Helena Parish is part of the Recovery School District of Louisiana.[citation needed] It is in the service area of Baton Rouge Community College.[21]

Brushy Creek Crater[edit]

St. Helena Parish contains the only identified meteorite impact crater in the state of Louisiana. This suspected impact crater is a roughly circular depression about 1.2 miles/2 km in diameter. Shocked quartz and intensely fractured quartz have been recovered from fractured and possibly altered sediments comprising its rim. Its age is estimated to be between 11 and 30 ka.[22] It lies about 5.8 miles/9.3 kilometers southwest of Greensburg, in the southwest corner of the parish. Louisiana Highway 37 cuts through the northern edge of this feature.[22][23][24]

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[25]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 44.1% 2,714 54.3% 3,346 1.6% 98
2016 41.9% 2,497 56.2% 3,353 1.9% 114
2012 39.6% 2,529 59.1% 3,780 1.3% 85
2008 40.8% 2,522 57.7% 3,567 1.5% 95
2004 40.6% 2,235 57.6% 3,173 1.8% 100
2000 37.4% 1,965 58.2% 3,059 4.4% 230
1996 26.0% 1,455 65.8% 3,692 8.2% 461
1992 27.0% 1,515 60.8% 3,416 12.2% 687
1988 38.9% 2,006 58.5% 3,013 2.6% 134
1984 43.5% 2,366 54.4% 2,956 2.1% 113
1980 31.6% 1,531 65.6% 3,183 2.9% 138
1976 27.6% 1,046 69.2% 2,622 3.2% 120
1972 52.0% 1,446 33.9% 943 14.1% 392
1968 6.5% 219 40.1% 1,351 53.4% 1,800
1964 65.1% 1,319 34.9% 706
1960 16.4% 296 37.5% 678 46.2% 835
1956 32.3% 545 59.0% 997 8.7% 147
1952 39.6% 586 60.4% 895
1948 5.0% 59 39.4% 469 55.7% 663
1944 13.7% 108 86.4% 683
1940 7.4% 80 92.6% 1,007
1936 7.8% 102 92.2% 1,199
1932 2.6% 26 97.4% 962
1928 19.2% 145 80.8% 609
1924 8.9% 18 91.1% 185
1920 9.0% 36 91.0% 366
1916 2.7% 9 95.5% 319 1.8% 6
1912 5.4% 13 88.8% 214 5.8% 14

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved August 18, 2013.
  2. ^ "QuickFacts: St. Helena Parish, Louisiana". U.S. Census Bureau.
  3. ^ "Saint Helena Parish/homepage". Saint Helena Parish. Retrieved June 19, 2021.
  4. ^ "St. Helena Parish". Center for Cultural and Eco-Tourism. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
  5. ^ Ed Anderson (March 5, 2008). "Longtime State Senator BB 'Sixty' Rayburn dead at 91". Times-Picayune. Retrieved June 19, 2021.
  6. ^ "Eugene Holland Obituary". The Advocate. December 16, 2010. Retrieved June 19, 2021.
  7. ^ Jush Auzenne (December 15, 2010). "Former St. Helena Sheriff passes away". WAFB9/Baton Rouge. Retrieved June 19, 2021.
  8. ^ "USA v. Chaney L Phillips". Federal Reporter (3rd series). July 13, 2000. Retrieved June 19, 2021.
  9. ^ "ES&S, Diebold lobbyists". bbvforums.org. Archived from the original on October 2, 2013. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
  10. ^ "Chaney L. Phillips". bop.gov. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
  11. ^ Brown, Penny (February 5, 2007). "St. Helena sheriff pleads guilty to role in illegal chop shop". The Advocate. Baton Rouge. Archived from the original on February 8, 2007. Retrieved February 6, 2007.
  12. ^ "Sheriff pleads guilty in chop shop case". Associated Press (via Yahoo! News). February 6, 2007. Retrieved February 6, 2007.[dead link]
  13. ^ "Former Sheriff "Gun" Ficklin dies in prison". WAFB9 News/Baton Rouge. October 21, 2011. Retrieved June 19, 2021.
  14. ^ "Sheriff Williams". Sheriff's Office, Saint Helena Parish. June 19, 2021. Retrieved June 19, 2021.
  15. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
  16. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
  17. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
  18. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
  19. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
  20. ^ a b "Geography Profile: St. Helena Parish, Louisiana". data.census.gov. Retrieved August 4, 2021.
  21. ^ "Our Colleges". Louisiana's Technical and Community Colleges. Retrieved June 3, 2021.
  22. ^ a b Heinrich, P.V. (2003) Possible Meteorite Impact Crater in St. Helena Parish, Louisiana. Search and Discovery Article. no. 50006. American Association of Petroleum Geologist, Tulsa, Oklahoma. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
  23. ^ Heinrich, P.V. (2003) Origin of a Circular Depression and Associated Fractured and Shocked Quartz, St. Helena Parish, LA. Transactions of the Gulf Association of Geological Societies. vol. 53, pp. 313-322.
  24. ^ LGS Researcher Featured in Meteor Crater News Story. Archived March 21, 2012, at the Wayback Machine Center for Energy Studies, Louisiana State University Baton Rouge. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
  25. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 8, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°49′N 90°43′W / 30.82°N 90.71°W / 30.82; -90.71