Eau Gallie, Florida

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Eau Gallie, Florida
Coordinates: 28°07′45″N 80°37′48″W / 28.12917°N 80.63000°W / 28.12917; -80.63000Coordinates: 28°07′45″N 80°37′48″W / 28.12917°N 80.63000°W / 28.12917; -80.63000
Country United States of America
State Florida
County Brevard
CityMelbourneLogo.png Melbourne
Settled1859
First settlerJohn Caroll Houston, IV
Incorporated1860
Consolidated with Melbourne1969
Founded byWilliam Henry Gleason
Time zoneUTC-5:00 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4:00 (Eastern)

Eau Gallie (/ˌˈɡæli/)[1] is a section of the city of Melbourne, Florida, located on the city's northern side. It was an independent city in Brevard County from 1860 until 1969.

That year residents of Eau Gallie and Melbourne voted to merge their governments.[2] A subsequent vote resulted in the combined jurisdiction being named Melbourne.[2] The name and identity of Eau Gallie persists in a number of local entities.

History[edit]

Eau Gallie developed as a small coastal town along the Indian River on the Florida East Coast. Brevard County, home of Eau Gallie, was named after the State Comptroller, Theodore Washington Brevard in 1855.

In 1859, the US Army sent John Houston to conduct a Seminole Indian census. Arriving in the Indian River area, Houston fell in love with its beauty. He took a leave of absence and applied for a soldier's land grant. Houston traveled to the area of Eau Gallie with his sons and 10 slaves. His wife joined him a year later when he had completed clearing land and building their cabin with the labor of enslaved African Americans.[3]

The area changed little during the Civil War. Former lieutenant governor, William Henry Gleason founded Eau Gallie in 1869 as he made his way to Arlington from Miami.[4] Gleason acquired land consisting of the entire area from the Indian River Lagoon to Lake Washington (about thirty square miles).[3]

Eau Gallie is commonly said to mean "rocky water", since coquina rocks were found in the area. While eau means "water" in French, gallie is not a French word and may be derived from galet ("pebble" in French). Some attribute it a Chippewa word; however, Chippewa speakers lived along the northern border of the United States and Canada.[5]

A post office called Eau Gallie was established in 1871, and remained in operation until 1970, when it was discontinued following the merger.[6] The Kentucky Military Institute wintered in Eau Gallie from 1907 to 1921.

For entertainment, the town had a "speedway" for stock car races west of Wickham Road from 1957 to about 1971.[7][8]

Economy[edit]

Eau Gallie has original historic buildings, live oaks, and native plants located on the Indian River Lagoon. It is anchored by the Eau Gallie Civic Center, Library, and Public Pier, as well as Pineapple Park with a lighted gazebo and riverwalk, Foosaner Art Museum/FIT, and the Renee Foosaner Education Center. This area is also home to the Brevard Symphony Orchestra and the Junior League of South Brevard, and fine art galleries are located along historic Highland Avenue. The Historic Rossetter House Museum and Gardens, which is on the National Register of Historic Places, offers home tours and rental space for private events.

Historic section[edit]

Eau Gallie contains a historic area with several notable museums and houses. These include: the Advent Christian Church, Foosaner Art Museum, the Ginter Building, the Historic Rossetter House Museum, the James Wadsworth Rossetter House on the National Register of Historic Places, the Karrick Building, the Roesch House, and the Winchester Symphony House.

An area of 14.31 acres (5.79 ha), containing 31 houses, is petitioning for official recognition as a Historic District. The first permanent European-American settler, John Carroll Houston, arrived in 1859.[9]

Eau Gallie is home to the Eau Gallie Arts District Main Street program (EGAD), an award-winning, fully accredited Florida and National Main Street organization.[10]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-08-07. Retrieved 2011-10-21.
  2. ^ a b Thomas, Frank J. (2017). "One or ten? The 1967 Battle over unification/consolidation in South Brevard". The Journal of the Brevard County Historical Commission. XVI (2): 25–31.
  3. ^ a b "Florida Frontiers". Florida Historical Society. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
  4. ^ "Gleason Family". University of Florida. Retrieved 29 June 2017.
  5. ^ "Eau Gallie means 'rocky water'". Florida Today. Melbourne, FL. 2006. [...] from the French word "eau," meaning water, and the French word "galet," meaning pebble, yielding "pebbly water," a somewhat loose translation of "rocky water. [...] [Francis Reid, reference librarian] discounted the Indian connection, saying Chippewas were concentrated in the north central United States and southern Canada."
  6. ^ "Brevard County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  7. ^ "Florida Stock Car Racing History". www.karnac.com.
  8. ^ "The Orlando Sentinel from Orlando, Florida on September 11, 1971 · 2". newspapers.com.
  9. ^ Cervenka, Suzanne (November 19, 2011). "Neighborhood seeks historic designation". Florida Today. Melbourne, Florida. pp. 2B.
  10. ^ "Eau Gallie". Eaugallieartsdistrict.com. Retrieved 2017-06-30.
  11. ^ "Biographical Memoirs Home" (PDF). Nap.edu. Retrieved 2017-06-30.
  12. ^ Scott, Megan K. (6 March 2011). "Hurston's real home". Florida Today. Melbourne, Florida. pp. 1D.

References[edit]

  • Eau Gallie Hiking Trail
  • Noreda B. McKemy and Elaine Murray Stone, Melbourne Bicentennial Book. July 4, 1976. Library of Congress 76-020298.

External links[edit]