Economic migrant

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An economic migrant is someone who emigrates from one region to another because living conditions or job opportunities are not good in their own country and to seek an improvement their standard of living elsewhere.[1][2] Economic migrants who work outside of their home country are termed migrant workers by the United Nations.[3]


Many countries have immigration and visa restrictions that prohibit a person entering the country for the purposes of gaining work without a valid work visa. Persons who are declared an economic migrant can be refused entry into a country. Thus, the migrant's presence is deemed illegal. Within the European Union economic migration is legal.[4]

The World Bank estimates that remittances totaled $420 billion in 2009, of which $317 billion went to developing countries.[5]

See also[edit]