Immigration to Romania

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The Republic of Moldova is the most common country of origin of foreign-born residents in Romania.

Romania has recently experienced a growing wave of immigration, mostly from the Republic of Moldova, Turkey, Italy, Spain, China, and Vietnam,[1] but also from North Africa, the Middle East, and the former Soviet Union, and to a lesser extent other parts of the world. In 2013, there were 198,839 immigrants living in Romania, of which 13,000 were refugees.[2] Immigration is expected to increase in the future, as large numbers of Romanian workers leave the country and are being replaced by foreigners.[3][4]

According to DIICOT, Romania has evolved since 1990 from a country of transit for illegal migrants to a country of destination.[5] Within the European Union, the country has the second highest rate of immigration from non-EU countries (86%), just behind Slovenia (90%).[6]

Over half of the country's foreign-born residents originate from Republic of Moldova. Owing to the former period of union between most of Moldova and Romania, many Moldovans are eligible for Romanian citizenship on the basis of descent. The culture of Moldova is influenced primarily by the Romanian origins of its majority population, being strongly related to classical Romanian culture, and, as such, it is easy for people from neighbouring Moldova to integrate within the contemporary Romanian culture.

Arabs in Romania come primarily from Syria (including refugees of the Syrian Civil War), Lebanon, and Iraq. In recent years, considerable numbers of Chinese and Vietnamese citizens work in Romania, due to the emigration of a large part of the Romanian workforce.[7] Immigrants from Italy and Spain often have close relations with Romanians, including intermarriage (see also Romanians in Italy and Romanians in Spain). There are also workers from Nepal, Philippine, Thailand, Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka, Ukraine, Serbia.[8][9][10][11][12]

Statistics[edit]

Foreign-born population[13] 2013 2015 2017
Population total 20,020,074 19,870,647 19,644,350
Total 182,939 281,048 421,801
 Moldova 59,670 114,654 161,846
 Italy 22,486 38,580 56,515
 Spain 18,827 29,937 42,165
 Ukraine 8,743 11,900 16,729
 United Kingdom 2,604 5,208 15,346
 Germany 3,759 6,552 15,121
 France 3,780 6,471 12,589
 Bulgaria 11,163 10,465 10,646
 Hungary 5,795 6,420 8,184
 Turkey 5,057 3 7,986
 Greece 4,085 4,653 6,494
 Russia 4,952 5,269 6,063
 China 2,978 3,722 5,068
 United States 2,360 2,876 4,428
 Syria 2,295 2,576 3,492
 Israel 1,665 1,837 2,936
 Belgium 54 1,102 2,650
 Iraq 1,136 1,419 2,338
 Serbia 1,529 5,783 2,296
 Austria 121 509 1,934
 Ireland 22 657 1,876
 Tunisia 1,034 1,062 1,627
 Iran 1,114 1,261 1,464
 Portugal 81 364 1,377

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://adevarul.ro/news/societate/analizA-vin-cei-mai-imigranti-fac-romania-1_5bf516f1df52022f75a9438f/index.html
  2. ^ "Refugee population by country or territory of origin statistics - countries compared". Nationmaster. Retrieved 2013-10-08.
  3. ^ "Imigrantii in Romania nu se bucura de drepturile care li s-ar cuveni". Ziare.com. Retrieved 2013-10-08.
  4. ^ "Le Monde: Romania, noua destinatie a imigrantilor". Ziare.com. 2009-07-13. Retrieved 2013-10-08.
  5. ^ "Romania, destinatie pentru imigrantii ilegali, afirma seful DIICOT". Ziare.com. Retrieved 2013-10-08.
  6. ^ "Income Magazine (Former Financiarul.com)" (in Romanian). Financiarul.com. Retrieved 2014-05-09.
  7. ^ https://adevarul.ro/news/societate/analizA-vin-cei-mai-imigranti-fac-romania-1_5bf516f1df52022f75a9438f/index.html
  8. ^ http://dejulmeu.ro/index.php/2018/08/03/vom-importa-mai-multi-muncitori-din-nepal-filipine-vietnam-si-thailanda/
  9. ^ https://www.profit.ro/insider/macro/fenomenul-atragerii-personal-tari-exotice-fondul-lipsei-fortei-munca-locala-ia-amploare-romania-aduce-muncitori-filipine-nepal-vietnam-india-indonezia-thailanda-50-ani-importul-fortei-munca-18294111
  10. ^ https://www.pressalert.ro/2018/03/sarbi-angajati-romania-ce-metoda-au-gasit-companiile-din-banat-pentru-aducerea-cetatenilor-din-tara-vecina/
  11. ^ http://www.romania-actualitati.ro/muncitori_de_import_din_asia_de_sud_est_vietnam_si_sri_lanka-123937
  12. ^ https://www.crainou.ro/2018/10/17/muncitori-din-ucraina-vor-termina-lucrarile-la-monumentul-ecvestru-al-lui-stefan-cel-mare/
  13. ^ "Population on 1 January by age group, sex and country of birth". Eurostat.