Immigration to Romania
Romania has recently experienced a growing wave of immigration, mostly from the Republic of Moldova, Turkey, Italy, Spain, China, and Vietnam, but also from North Africa, the Middle East, and the former Soviet Union, and to a lesser extent other parts of the world. In 2013, there were 198,839 immigrants living in Romania, of which 13,000 were refugees. Immigration is expected to increase in the future, as large numbers of Romanian workers leave the country and are being replaced by foreigners.
According to DIICOT, Romania has evolved since 1990 from a country of transit for illegal migrants to a country of destination. Within the European Union, the country has the second highest rate of immigration from non-EU countries (86%), just behind Slovenia (90%).
Over half of the country's foreign-born residents originate from Republic of Moldova. Owing to the former period of union between most of Moldova and Romania, many Moldovans are eligible for Romanian citizenship on the basis of descent. The culture of Moldova is influenced primarily by the Romanian origins of its majority population, being strongly related to classical Romanian culture, and, as such, it is easy for people from neighbouring Moldova to integrate within the contemporary Romanian culture.
Arabs in Romania come primarily from Syria (including refugees of the Syrian Civil War), Lebanon, and Iraq. In recent years, considerable numbers of Chinese and Vietnamese citizens work in Romania, due to the emigration of a large part of the Romanian workforce. Immigrants from Italy and Spain often have close relations with Romanians, including intermarriage (see also Romanians in Italy and Romanians in Spain). There are also workers from Nepal, Philippine, Thailand, Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka, Ukraine, Serbia.
- "Refugee population by country or territory of origin statistics - countries compared". Nationmaster. Retrieved 2013-10-08.
- "Imigrantii in Romania nu se bucura de drepturile care li s-ar cuveni". Ziare.com. Retrieved 2013-10-08.
- "Le Monde: Romania, noua destinatie a imigrantilor". Ziare.com. 2009-07-13. Retrieved 2013-10-08.
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- "Income Magazine (Former Financiarul.com)" (in Romanian). Financiarul.com. Retrieved 2014-05-09.
- "Population on 1 January by age group, sex and country of birth". Eurostat.