Immigration to Romania

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Romania, though not a popular destination for immigrants, has recently experienced a growing wave of immigration, mostly from the Republic of Moldova, Turkey, Italy, and China, but also from Africa, the Middle East, and the former Soviet Union. In 2013, there were 198,839 immigrants living in Romania, of which 13,000 were refugees.[1] Over half of the country's foreign-born residents originate from Republic of Moldova. Owing to the former period of union between most of Moldova and Romania, many Moldovans are eligible for Romanian citizenship on the basis of descent. Immigration is expected to increase in the future, as large numbers of Romanian workers leave the country and are being replaced by foreigners.[2][3]

According to DIICOT, Romania has evolved since 1990 from a country of transit for illegal migrants to a country of destination.[4] Within the European Union, the country has the second highest rate of immigration from non-EU countries (86%), just behind Slovenia (90%).[5]


Country of origin Population[6]
(30 June 2011)
 Moldova 14,323
 Italy 9,546
 Turkey 9,080
 Germany 6,919
 China 6,765
 France 5,319
 Hungary 3,448
 Austria 2,715
 Syria 2,505
 United Kingdom 2,263
 Bulgaria 2,139
 United States 1,907
 Greece 1,904
 Serbia 1,612
 Spain 1,519
 Israel 1,517
 Tunisia 1,475
 Lebanon 1,443
 Ukraine 1,339
 Poland 1,249
Other countries 21,225
Total 100,212

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Refugee population by country or territory of origin statistics - countries compared". Nationmaster. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  2. ^ "Imigrantii in Romania nu se bucura de drepturile care li s-ar cuveni". Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  3. ^ "Le Monde: Romania, noua destinatie a imigrantilor". 2009-07-13. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  4. ^ "Romania, destinatie pentru imigrantii ilegali, afirma seful DIICOT". Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  5. ^ "Income Magazine (Former" (in Romanian). Retrieved 2014-05-09. 
  6. ^ (in Romanian) "Buletin statistic în domeniul imigrației și azilului" (PDF). General Inspectorate for Immigration. Ministry of Internal Affairs. 2012.