February 24, 1862|
Manila, Captaincy General of the Philippines
|Died||February 17, 1897
Edilberto Evangelista (February 24, 1862 – February 17, 1897) was a Filipino civil engineer and soldier.
Early Life and Career
He was born in Sta. Cruz, Manila, on February 24, 1862. Evangelista finished his Bachelor of Arts at the Colegio de San Juan de Letran in 1878. He was awarded a medal of excellence in Mathematics. Poor health made him to drop his idea of studying medicine. After this, he became a teacher, a cattle dealer, a tobacco merchant between Cebu and Manila, and later a contractor of public works. He soon went to Madrid in 1890. It was during this time that he befriended many Filipino patriots, including José Rizal, who advised him to study engineering in Belgium. He therefore enrolled at the University of Ghent, one of the world’s top engineering schools, and finished civil engineering and architecture with highest honors. He then received profitable offers of employment from several institutions in Europe but he declined because of his zeal to serve his country.
He returned to the Philippines in September 1896, shortly after the start of the Philippine Revolution. He was arrested and imprisoned, since the Spanish authorities suspected many people of the revolution and he had in his possession Jose Rizal's Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo, but he escaped. He joined General Emilio Aguinaldo’s command on October 22, 1896. At the Imus Assembly on December 31, 1896, Evangelista had submitted his draft of a constitution as requested by both Magdalo and Magdiwang factions of the KKK. He was elected Lieutenant General in the said meeting, now in the ranks of Artemio Ricarte. Aguinaldo later utilized General Evangelista’s engineering skills. He planned and built forts and barricades in Bacoor, Binakayan, Cavite Viejo, Munting-ilog, Silang, Dasmariñas, Imus, Salitran, Lumang-bayan, and Noveleta, to serve as protection against Spanish forces. One Spanish general commented that the fortifications were the "fortifications of the future." Aguinaldo himself publicly recommended Evangelista to head the revolutionary government that would be established in lieu of the Katipunan, for he was "the most educated" in the organization. Aguinaldo also said that Evangelista could "command the respect of the Spaniards". He was part of the Magdalo government, serving as assistant overall captain general to Aguinaldo. Though in the actual sense, he was neutral in the Magdalo-Magdiwang feud.
Evangelista was calm but fatalistic, a characteristic misinterpreted as bravery. He was drawing trenches on the ground with a stick while the enemy fired cannons at their forces. One time, a shell dropped very near him yet he did not flinch nor run, instead he brushed the dust off his coat and continued to draw. His life soon ended, as well as hopes for him by fellowmen, when he died, along with Captain Mariano San Gabriel and Captain Mariano Ramírez, on February 17, 1897 during the Battle of Zapote Bridge. His post was succeeded by his protégé, Miguel Malvar.
A military camp in Cagayan de Oro was named after him, Camp Edilberto Evangelista. However, local lawmakers in the area have recently filed House Bill No. 4735, suggesting to change the name into Camp Jose Montalvan. Camp Edilberto Evangelista is the largest military camp in Mindanao with an area of 129 hectares. It houses the 4th Infantry Division of the Philippine Army.
House Bill No. 5659, passed on December 18, 2008 by seven lawmakers, sought to rename the Alabang-Zapote Road in Las Piñas to General Edilberto Evangelista Avenue for the latter's fearless exploits during the Philippine Revolution.
In popular culture
- Portrayed by Alireza Libre in the 2012 film, El Presidente.
- "144th Birth Anniversary of Revolutionary General Edilberto T. Evangelista". Manila Bulletin Publishing Corporation. Retrieved 2011-11-04.
- "Edilberto Evangelisa". The History of Cavite. Archived from the original on 2008-04-02. Retrieved 2006-03-08.
- "Central Luzon and NCR: Edilberto T. Evangelista". MSC Communications Technologies, Inc. Retrieved 2011-11-04.
- "The katipunan and the revolution: memoirs of a general". Santiago V. Alvarez. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "History behind Evangelista Street". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2011-11-04.
- "Renaming of 4ID camp pushed". BUSINESSWEEK MINDANAO. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Renaming of military camp proposed". Sun Star. Retrieved 2011-11-04.
- "House Bill Number 5659" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-11-04.
- "First Stage of the Revolution". Mabini. Retrieved 2006-03-08.
- "The Life and Works of Dr. Jose P. Rizal". Retrieved 2011-11-04.
- "143rd Birth Anniversary of Revolutionary General Edilberto T. Evangelista". Business Library. Retrieved 2011-11-04.
- "The Birth of an Army". Retrieved 2011-11-05.