Quiapo, Manila

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Location of Quiapo
Country Philippines
Region National Capital Region
City Manila
Congressional districts Part of the 3rd district of Manila
Barangays 16
Population (2007[1])
 • Total 23,138

Quiapo is a district of Manila, Philippines. It derives its name from the water cabbage (Pistia stratiotes), which is named quiapo or kiapo in the Tagalog language. Referred to as the "Old Downtown of Manila", Quiapo is home to the Quiapo Church, where the feast of the Black Nazarene is held with millions of people attending annually. Quiapo has also made a name for itself as a place for marketplace bargain hunting.

Plaza Miranda, in the heart of the Quiapo district, is a town square named after Jose Sandino y Miranda, who served as secretary of the treasury of the Philippines from 1853 to 1863.[2] It is located in front of the Quiapo Church, and has become a popular site of political rallies. On August 21, 1971, while the Liberal Party held their miting de avance in the plaza, a bomb exploded, killing nine and injuring almost 100 civilians.

The Quiapo district is also home to a sizable Muslim population in Manila. The Golden Mosque and Green Mosque are located here.

A veritable army of fortune tellers and stores offering herbal products surround the Quiapo church. Ongoing sales of pirated media[3][4] and thievery are prevalent in the district.

In recent years, the local government of Manila, spearheaded by then Mayor Lito Atienza, launched the Buhayin ang Maynila ("Revitalize Manila") project which greatly rehabilitated Quiapo and its vicinities, most especially Plaza Miranda, the Arsenio Lacson Underpass and the University Belt. Parts of Rizal Avenue, starting from Carriedo Street to Recto Avenue, were converted into pedestrian shopping arcades.

Quiapo is geographically located at the very center of the city of Manila. It is bounded by the Pasig River and Estero de San Miguel to the south, San Miguel to the east, Recto Avenue to the north and Rizal Avenue to the west.


Since the American insular government and commonwealth periods through to the late 1970s, Quiapo shared its status as the center of the activities of Manila's social elites as well as trade, fashion, art and higher learning with its surrounding vicinities (Avenida Rizal, Binondo, Santa Cruz, Escolta and the Manila University Belt). However, with the construction of the Manila Light Rail Transit System's LRT-1 spanning over Rizal Avenue, the occlusion of light, the trapping of smog and vehicle emissions left the streets beneath dark, gloomy and with an increase in crime and transients. Consequently, many long-time establishments vacated the area. Following the People Power Revolution in 1986, the vibrancy of Quiapo further diminished, with the void filled by makeshift markets to accommodate visitors to the Quiapo Church.


Quiapo contains 16 barangays: Barangay #306-309 and #383-394.

Barangay Population (2007)[1]
Barangay 306 936
Barangay 307 576
Barangay 308 988
Barangay 309 727
Barangay 383 816
Barangay 384 2,833
Barangay 385 3,484
Barangay 386 1,332
Barangay 387 2,526
Barangay 388 758
Barangay 389 1,279
Barangay 390 1,335
Barangay 391 1,523
Barangay 392 575
Barangay 393 2,283
Barangay 394 1,167

List of Cultural Properties of the Philippines in Quiapo[edit]

Other Historical Sites in Quiapo[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Final Results - 2007 Census of Population
  2. ^ Mortel, Paul R. (2007-06-23). "Inquirer Opinion / Letters to the Editor: Rename Plaza Miranda after Ramon Magsaysay Sr.". Inquirer.net. Retrieved 2007-10-29. 
  3. ^ Aguilon, Erwin (11 November 2011). "Anti-piracy agents raid Quiapo haven, recover 5 replicating machines". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Another Quiapo raid yields P24M in pirated discs". GMA News Online. 5 June 2013. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 

Coordinates: 14°36′00″N 120°58′59″E / 14.600°N 120.983°E / 14.600; 120.983