Eighth power

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In arithmetic and algebra the eighth power of a number n is the result of multiplying eight instances of n together. So:

n8 = n × n × n × n × n × n × n × n.

Eighth powers are also formed by multiplying a number by its seventh power, or the fourth power of a number by itself.

The sequence of eighth powers of integers is:

0, 1, 256, 6561, 65536, 390625, 1679616, 5764801, 16777216, 43046721, 100000000, 214358881, 429981696, 815730721, 1475789056, 2562890625, 4294967296, 6975757441, 11019960576, 16983563041, 25600000000, 37822859361, 54875873536, 78310985281, 110075314176, 152587890625 ... (sequence A001016 in the OEIS)

In the archaic notation of Robert Recorde, the eighth power of a number was called the "zenzizenzizenzic".[1]

Algebra and number theory[edit]

Polynomial equations of degree 8 are octic equations. These have the form

The smallest known eighth power that can be written as a sum of eight eighth powers is[2]

The sum of the reciprocals of the nonzero eighth powers is the Riemann zeta function evaluated at 8, which can be expressed in terms of the eighth power of pi:


This is an example of a more general expression for evaluating the Riemann zeta function at positive even integers, in terms of the Bernoulli numbers:


In aeroacoustics, Lighthill's eighth power law states that the power of the sound created by a turbulent motion, far from the turbulence, is proportional to the eighth power of the characteristic turbulent velocity.[3][4]

The ordered phase of the two-dimensional Ising model exhibits an inverse eighth power dependence of the order parameter upon the reduced temperature.[5]

The Casimir–Polder force between two molecules decays as the inverse eighth power of the distance between them.[6][7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Womack, D. (2015), "Beyond tetration operations: their past, present and future", Mathematics in School, 44 (1): 23–26[dead link]
  2. ^ Quoted in Meyrignac, Jean-Charles (2001-02-14). "Computing Minimal Equal Sums Of Like Powers: Best Known Solutions". Retrieved 2019-12-18.
  3. ^ Lighthill, M. J. (1952). "On sound generated aerodynamically. I. General theory". Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A. 211 (1107): 564–587. Bibcode:1952RSPSA.211..564L. doi:10.1098/rspa.1952.0060. S2CID 124316233.
  4. ^ Lighthill, M. J. (1954). "On sound generated aerodynamically. II. Turbulence as a source of sound". Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A. 222 (1148): 1–32. Bibcode:1954RSPSA.222....1L. doi:10.1098/rspa.1954.0049. S2CID 123268161.
  5. ^ Kardar, Mehran (2007). Statistical Physics of Fields. Cambridge University Press. p. 148. ISBN 978-0-521-87341-3. OCLC 1026157552.
  6. ^ Casimir, H. B. G.; Polder, D. (1948). "The influence of retardation on the London-van der Waals forces". Physical Review. 73 (4): 360. Bibcode:1948PhRv...73..360C. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.73.360.
  7. ^ Derjaguin, Boris V. (1960). "The force between molecules". Scientific American. 203 (1): 47–53. Bibcode:1960SciAm.203a..47D. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican0760-47. JSTOR 2490543.