Jagham language

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Native to Nigeria, Cameroon
Ethnicity Ekoi people
Native speakers
120,000 (2000)[1]
Latin script
Language codes
ISO 639-3 etu
Glottolog ejag1239[2]

The Jagham language, Ejagham, also known as Ekoi, is an Ekoid (Niger–Congo) language of Nigeria and Cameroon.

Ekoi is dialectically diverse. Western varieties include Etung and Bendeghe; eastern Keaka and Obang.

The Ekoi are one of several peoples who use nsibidi ideographs, and may be the ones that created them.


Ekoi has the following noun classes, listed here with their Bantu equivalents. Watters (1981) says there are fewer than in Bantu because of mergers (class 4 into 3, 7 into 6, etc.), though Blench notes that there is no reason to think that the common ancestral language had as many noun classes as proto-Bantu.

Noun class Prefix Concord
1 N- w, ɲ
2 a- b
3 N- m
5 ɛ- j
6 a- m
8 bi- b
9 N- j, ɲ
14 ɔ- b
19 i- f

('N' stands for a homorganic nasal. 'j' is "y".)


  1. ^ Ekoi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Ejagham". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 

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