Ekbatan Town (Persian: شهرک اکباتان - Shahrak e Ekbātān), also called Ekbatan Complex, is a planned town built as a project of modern apartment buildings in western part of Tehran, Iran. It is located approximately 5 kilometers west of central Tehran.
The construction of the Ekbatan Town started in 1975 for the purpose of mass housing. It has 15,500 units on an area of 2,208,570 square meters located in western Tehran.
The designers of the complex are Rahman Golzar and Jordan Gruzen (now Gruzen Samton LLP) from the United States. Another American company by the name Starrett successfully built and completed Phase 1 of the complex before the 1979 Revolution. European contractors were also involved in the project.
Ekbatan was at its inception the largest property development by a privately held company in the Middle and Near East.
The Group also owned Ekbatan Bank, one of the fastest growing privately held banks in the Middle East.
The Group was owned in majority by Rahman Golzar and family and minority owned by Mohammad Ali Bagherzadeh and family. In 1977 Mohammad Ali Bagherzadeh transferred his shares in the Group to his children Ali Bagherzadeh and Goli Bagherzadeh.
In 1979, following the Iranian Revolution, the new incoming Iranian government nationalised the Group and all its subsidiaries and affiliates, and placed its ownership with the Ministry of Housing, where it remained today.
Ekbatan Bank was also nationalised at the same time and subsumed into the new state bank created to be the successor to Iran's privately held banks.
If it were an independent corporate entity, Ekbatan today would be one of the largest businesses in Iran and the country's largest housing development business.
Ekbatan has 3 separate sets of buildings called phases and each phase has independent buildings categorised as a block. The architecture in the first and third phases are similar and are very different from the Phase 2. Each block of Phase 1 (or 3) has 3 major steps. When looked at from the sides, there are 5 floors in first step, 9 in second and 12 in the third one. In Phase 2, blocks are designed like huge 12 story box-shaped parts that are put together in an angle. Another difference between Phase 1 (or 3) and 2 is about interior layout of the apartments. In Phase 1 (or 3), apartments are single floored. However, in Phase 2, they are built mostly in double floors (duplex) with hall, and the kitchen in the first floor and rooms placed in the upper (second) floor. In all of these phases you could find 1, 2, 3 or 4-roomed apartments that begins from about 50 m2 to 240 m2.
Ekabatan Complex is famous for its green fields between the buildings. The landscape is designed in a way to combine nature and modern living together, a concept that is being explored more in architectural practices today due to environmental concerns. Ekbatan is also full of different level schools in all three phases. Shopping places have developed throughout the last years and it is becoming one of the most convenient places for families to shop especially because of its competitive prices, higher qualities, and variety of goods and services.
The graffiti artist, A1one, in Ekbatan Town
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