Extremaduran regional election, 2011
All 65 seats in the Assembly of Extremadura
33 seats needed for a majority
Constituency results map for the Assembly of Extremadura
The 2011 Extremaduran regional election was held on Sunday, 22 May 2011, to elect the 8th Assembly of the Autonomous Community of Extremadura. All 65 seats in the Assembly were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in 12 other autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain.
For the first time since the first democratic election in 1983 in the region, the People's Party (PP) was able to win a regional election, obtaining its best historical result, with 46.1% of the share and 32 seats. The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE), which had formed the government of the Extremaduran region since 1983, achieving an absolute majority of seats at every election except in 1995, was ousted from power in the worst result obtained by the party until that time.
However, as the PP stood one seat short of an overall majority, the possibility arose of PSOE pact with United Left (IU), which had re-entered the Assembly after a four-year absence, in order to maintain the regional government. However, IU declined to support outgoing Socialist Guillermo Fernández Vara after a 24-year PSOE rule over the region, opting to abstain in the investiture voting and allowing the most-voted candidate to be elected. As a result of the PP having more seats than the PSOE, party candidate José Antonio Monago became the first not-Socialist democratically elected President of the region.
The electoral system for the Assembly of Extremadura was regulated under the Assembly of Extremadura Elections Law 2/1987 and, subsidiarily, under the general provisions of the General Electoral System Organic Law 5/1985 (LOREG). The Assembly was composed of 65 seats, allocated to constituencies corresponding to the provinces of Extremadura. Each constituency was entitled to an initial minimum of 20 seats, with the remaining 25 allocated in proportion to the provincial populations. Deputies were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 5% of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Alternatively, parties failing to reach the threshold in one of the constituencies would also enter seat distribution as long as they ran candidates in both districts and reached 5% regionally.
Under the 2011 Statute of Autonomy of Extremadura, the President of Extremadura had the prerogative to dissolve the Assembly and call a snap election, provided that no motion of censure process was ongoing and some time requirements were met—namely, that dissolution did not occur before one year had passed since the previous one—. Additionally, the chamber's dissolution was to be automatically triggered if an investiture process failed to elect a regional President within a two-month period from the first ballot.
Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. Poll results use the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. However, if such date is unknown, the date of publication will be given instead.
|22 May 2011||Regional Election||43.4||46.1||5.7||4.8||2.7|
|17 Mar–17 Apr||CIS||45.3||44.8||4.8||5.1||0.5|
|28 Mar–1 Apr||Obradoiro||46.8||44.4||4.6||4.2||2.4|
|30 Dec–3 Jan||NC-Report[a]||47.6||43.0||9.4||4.6|
|14–18 Jun||Q Índice||49.0||43.0||4.5||3.5||6.0|
|7 Jun 2009||EP Election||48.6||44.1||2.5||4.8||4.5|
|9 Mar 2008||General Election||52.3||41.8||2.9||3.0||10.5|
|27 May 2007||Regional Election||53.0||38.7||4.5||3.8||14.3|
Opinion polls showing seat projections are displayed in the table below. The highest seat figures in each polling survey have their background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. 33 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Extremaduran Assembly.
|22 May 2011||Regional Election||30||32||3||0|
|17 Mar–17 Apr||CIS||31||32||2||0|
|28 Mar–1 Apr||Obradoiro||32−33||31−32||1−2||0|
|30 Dec–3 Jan||NC-Report||32−34||30−31||1−2||0|
|14–18 Jun||Q Índice||33−35||29−30||1−2||0|
|7 Jun 2009||EP Election||(34)||(31)||(0)||(0)|
|9 Mar 2008||General Election||(37)||(28)||(0)||(0)|
|27 May 2007||Regional Election||38||27||0||0|
|People's Party–United Extremadura (PP–EU)||307,975||46.13||+7.42||32||+5|
|Spanish Socialist Workers' Party–Regionalists (PSOE–regionalistas)||290,045||43.45||–9.55||30||–8|
|United Left–Independent Socialists of Extremadura (IU–SIEx)||38,157||5.72||+1.20||3||+3|
|Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD)||7,058||1.06||New||0||±0|
|Parties with less than 1.0% of the vote||14,970||2.24||—||0||±0|
|Independents for Extremadura (IPEx)||4,659||0.70||–0.56||0||±0|
|Ecolo–The Greens (Ecolo–LV)||3,887||0.58||New||0||±0|
|Extremaduran People's Union (UPEx)||2,185||0.33||+0.10||0||±0|
|For a Fairer World (PUM+J)||1,573||0.24||New||0||±0|
|Convergence for Extremadura (CEx)||1,056||0.16||New||0||±0|
|Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE)||836||0.13||–0.01||0||±0|
|Citizens for Blank Votes (CenB)||774||0.12||+0.04||0||±0|
|Votes cast / turnout||676,768||74.65||–0.30|
|Source(s): Argos Information Portal, historiaelectoral.com|
Distribution by constituency
- This survey shows its poll results projected over candidacy votes (that is, votes going for political parties, excluding blank ballots). The vote percentage in the official election is calculated including blank ballots into the estimation. In order to obtain data comparable to both the official results as well as those of other surveys, a rule of three has been applied to the survey projections, with the results of the calculation being shown instead.
- Extremaduran election results Historiaelectoral.com. Retrieved 2011-04-05.
- "Vara sees a PSOE-IU pact as the 'only chance'" (in Spanish). El Mundo. 2011-05-23.
- "Extremadura takes a political change for granted" (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 2011-07-04.
- Law of Elections to the Assembly of Extremadura of 1987, Law No. 2 of March 16, 1987 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 17 March 2017.
- General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
- Statute of Autonomy of the Autonomous Community of Extremadura of 2011, Organic Law No. 1 of January 28, 2011 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 17 March 2017.