Extremaduran parliamentary election, 2011
All 65 seats in the Assembly of Extremadura
33 seats needed for a majority
Constituency results map for the Assembly of Extremadura
The 2011 Extremaduran parliamentary election was held on Sunday, 22 May 2011, to elect the 8th Assembly of Extremadura, the unicameral regional legislature of the Spanish autonomous community of Extremadura. All 65 seats in the Assembly were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in 12 other autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain.
For the first time since the first democratic election in 1983 in the region, the People's Party (PP) was able to win a regional election, obtaining its best historical result, with 46.1% of the share and 32 seats. The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE), which had formed the government of the Extremaduran region since 1983, achieving an absolute majority of seats at every election except in 1995, was ousted from power in the worst result obtained by the party until that time.
However, as the PP stood one seat short of an overall majority, the possibility arose of PSOE pact with United Left (IU), which had re-entered the Assembly after a four-year absence, in order to maintain the regional government. However, IU declined to support outgoing Socialist Guillermo Fernández Vara after a 24-year PSOE rule over the region, opting to abstain in the investiture voting and allowing the most-voted candidate to be elected. As a result of the PP having more seats than the PSOE, party candidate José Antonio Monago became the first not-Socialist democratically elected President of the region.
The Assembly of Extremadura was elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation. Under the regional Statute of Autonomy, the Assembly was entitled to a maximum of 65 members. All seats were allocated to two multi-member districts—each corresponding to a province—. Each district was entitled to an initial minimum of 20 seats, with the remaining 25 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations. A threshold of 5% of valid votes—which included blank ballots—was applied in each constituency, with parties not reaching the threshold not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Alternatively, parties failing to reach the threshold in one of the constituencies would also enter seat distribution as long as they had ran candidates in both districts and reached 5% regionally.
Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage, with all residents over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote—however, amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "requested" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado)—. Concurrently, residents meeting the previous criteria and not involved in any cause of ineligibility were eligible for the Assembly. Gender quotas were introduced in 2007, requiring for party lists to be composed of at least 40% of candidates of either gender and for each group of five candidates to contain at least two males and two females. Groups of electors were required to obtain the signatures of at least 2% of registered electors in a particular district in order to be able to field candidates.
Since the approval of the 2011 Statute, the President had the ability to dissolve the chamber at any given time and call a snap election; otherwise, elected deputies served for four year terms, starting from election day. Additionally, the Assembly was to be automatically dissolved in the event of unsuccessful investiture attempts failing to elect a President within a two month-period from the first ballot, triggering a snap election likewise.
Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. Poll results use the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. However, if such date is unknown, the date of publication will be given instead.
|22 May 2011||Regional Election||43.4||46.1||5.7||4.8||2.7|
|17 Mar–17 Apr||CIS||45.3||44.8||4.8||5.1||0.5|
|28 Mar–1 Apr||Obradoiro||46.8||44.4||4.6||4.2||2.4|
|30 Dec–3 Jan||NC-Report[a]||47.6||43.0||9.4||4.6|
|14–18 Jun||Q Índice||49.0||43.0||4.5||3.5||6.0|
|7 Jun 2009||EP Election||48.6||44.1||2.5||4.8||4.5|
|9 Mar 2008||General Election||52.3||41.8||2.9||3.0||10.5|
|27 May 2007||Regional Election||53.0||38.7||4.5||3.8||14.3|
Opinion polls showing seat projections are displayed in the table below. The highest seat figures in each polling survey have their background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. 33 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Extremaduran Assembly.
|22 May 2011||Regional Election||30||32||3||0|
|17 Mar–17 Apr||CIS||31||32||2||0|
|28 Mar–1 Apr||Obradoiro||32−33||31−32||1−2||0|
|30 Dec–3 Jan||NC-Report||32−34||30−31||1−2||0|
|14–18 Jun||Q Índice||33−35||29−30||1−2||0|
|7 Jun 2009||EP Election||(34)||(31)||(0)||(0)|
|9 Mar 2008||General Election||(37)||(28)||(0)||(0)|
|27 May 2007||Regional Election||38||27||0||0|
|People's Party–United Extremadura (PP–EU)||307,975||46.13||+7.42||32||+5|
|Spanish Socialist Workers' Party–Regionalists (PSOE–regionalistas)||290,045||43.45||–9.55||30||–8|
|United Left–Independent Socialists of Extremadura (IU–SIEx)||38,157||5.72||+1.20||3||+3|
|Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD)||7,058||1.06||New||0||±0|
|Parties with less than 1.0% of the vote||14,970||2.24||—||0||±0|
|Independents for Extremadura (IPEx)||4,659||0.70||–0.56||0||±0|
|Ecolo–The Greens (Ecolo–LV)||3,887||0.58||New||0||±0|
|Extremaduran People's Union (UPEx)||2,185||0.33||+0.10||0||±0|
|For a Fairer World (PUM+J)||1,573||0.24||New||0||±0|
|Convergence for Extremadura (CEx)||1,056||0.16||New||0||±0|
|Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE)||836||0.13||–0.01||0||±0|
|Citizens for Blank Votes (CenB)||774||0.12||+0.04||0||±0|
|Votes cast / turnout||676,768||74.65||–0.30|
|Source: Argos Information Portal|
Distribution by constituency
- This survey shows its poll results projected over candidacy votes (that is, votes going for political parties, excluding blank ballots). The vote percentage in the official election is calculated including blank ballots into the estimation. In order to obtain data comparable to both the official results as well as those of other surveys, a rule of three has been applied to the survey projections, with the results of the calculation being shown instead.
- Extremaduran election results Historiaelectoral.com. Retrieved 2011-04-05.
- "Vara sees a PSOE-IU pact as the 'only chance'" (in Spanish). El Mundo. 2011-05-23.
- "Extremadura takes a political change for granted" (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 2011-07-04.
- Statute of Autonomy of the Autonomous Community of Extremadura of 2011, Organic Law No. 1 of January 28, 2011 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 17 March 2017.
- Law of Elections to the Assembly of Extremadura of 1987, Law No. 2 of March 16, 1987 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 17 March 2017.