Extremaduran regional election, 2011

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Extremaduran regional election, 2011
Extremadura
← 2007 22 May 2011 2015 →

All 65 seats in the Assembly of Extremadura
33 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered 906,551 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1.5%
Turnout 676,768 (74.7%)
Red Arrow Down.svg0.3 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  José Antonio Monago 2012b (cropped).jpg Guillermo Fernández Vara 2008-10 (cropped).jpg Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg
Leader José Antonio Monago Guillermo Fernández Vara Pedro Escobar
Party PPEU PSOEr IUSIEx
Leader since 8 November 2008 20 September 2006 30 September 2007
Leader's seat Badajoz Badajoz Badajoz
Last election 27 seats, 38.7% 38 seats, 53.0% 0 seats, 4.5%
Seats won 32 30 3
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg5 Red Arrow Down.svg8 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg3
Popular vote 307,975 290,045 38,157
Percentage 46.1% 43.4% 5.7%
Swing Green Arrow Up Darker.svg7.4 pp Red Arrow Down.svg9.6 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1.2 pp

ExtremaduraProvinceMapAssembly2011.png
Constituency results map for the Assembly of Extremadura

President before election

Guillermo Fernández Vara
PSOE

Elected President

José Antonio Monago
PP

The 2011 Extremaduran regional election was held on Sunday, 22 May 2011, to elect the 8th Assembly of the Autonomous Community of Extremadura. All 65 seats in the Assembly were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in 12 other autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain.

For the first time since the first democratic election in 1983 in the region, the People's Party (PP) was able to win a regional election, obtaining its best historical result, with 46.1% of the share and 32 seats. The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE), which had formed the government of the Extremaduran region since 1983, achieving an absolute majority of seats at every election except in 1995, was ousted from power in the worst result obtained by the party until that time.[1]

However, as the PP stood one seat short of an overall majority, the possibility arose of PSOE pact with United Left (IU), which had re-entered the Assembly after a four-year absence, in order to maintain the regional government.[2] However, IU declined to support outgoing Socialist Guillermo Fernández Vara after a 24-year PSOE rule over the region, opting to abstain in the investiture voting and allowing the most-voted candidate to be elected. As a result of the PP having more seats than the PSOE, party candidate José Antonio Monago became the first not-Socialist democratically elected President of the region.[3]

Overview[edit]

Electoral system[edit]

The Assembly of Extremadura was the devolved, unicameral legislature of the autonomous community of Extremadura, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Extremaduran Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a President of the Junta.[4] Voting for the Assembly was on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen, registered in Extremadura and in full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Extremadurans abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[5]

The 65 members of the Assembly of Extremadura were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 5 per 100 of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Alternatively, parties failing to reach the threshold in one of the constituencies would also be entitled to enter the seat distribution as long as they ran candidates in both districts and reached 5 per 100 regionally. Seats were allocated to constituencies, corresponding to the provinces of Badajoz and Cáceres. Each constituency was entitled to an initial minimum of 20 seats, with the remaining 25 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations.[4][6]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure at least the signature of 2 per 100 of the electors entered in electoral register of the constituency for which they were seeking election. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[6][7][8]

Election date[edit]

After legal amendments earlier in 2011, fixed-term mandates were abolished, instead allowing the term of the Assembly of Extremadura to expire after an early dissolution. The election Decree was required to be issued no later than the twenty-fifth day prior to the date of expiry of parliament and published on the following day in the Official Journal of Extremadura, with election day taking place on the fifty-fourth day from publication.[4][6][7][8] The previous election was held on 27 May 2007, which meant that the legislature's term would have expired on 27 May 2011. The election Decree was required to be published no later than 3 May 2011, with the election taking place on the fifty-fourth day from publication, setting the latest possible election date for the Assembly on Sunday, 26 June 2011.

The President of the Junta had the prerogative to dissolve the Assembly of Extremadura and call a snap election, provided that no motion of no confidence was in process and that dissolution did not occur before one year had elapsed since the previous one. In the event of an investiture process failing to elect a regional President within a two-month period from the first ballot, the Assembly was to be automatically dissolved and a fresh election called.[4]

Opinion polls[edit]

Individual poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first, and using the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. If that date is unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance of a tie, the figures with the highest percentages are shaded. When available, seat projections are displayed below the percentages in a smaller font. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. 33 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Assembly of Extremadura.

Results[edit]

Overall[edit]

Summary of the 22 May 2011 Assembly of Extremadura election results
ExtremaduraAssemblyDiagram2011.svg
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's PartyUnited Extremadura (PP–EU) 307,975 46.13 +7.42 32 +5
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyRegionalists (PSOE–regionalistas) 290,045 43.45 –9.55 30 –8
United LeftIndependent Socialists of Extremadura (IU–SIEx) 38,157 5.72 +1.20 3 +3
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 7,058 1.06 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 9,394 1.41 +0.22
Total 667,599 100.00 65 ±0
Valid votes 667,599 98.65 –0.62
Invalid votes 9,169 1.35 +0.62
Votes cast / turnout 676,768 74.65 –0.30
Abstentions 229,783 25.35 +0.30
Registered voters 906,551
Sources[9][10]
Popular vote
PP
46.13%
PSOEr
43.45%
IUSIEx
5.72%
UPyD
1.06%
Others
2.24%
Blank ballots
1.41%
Seats
PP
49.23%
PSOEr
46.15%
IUSIEx
4.62%

Distribution by constituency[edit]

Constituency PPEU PSOEr IUSIEx
 % S  % S  % S
Badajoz 45.0 17 44.7 17 6.2 2
Cáceres 47.9 15 41.4 13 5.0 1
Total 46.1 32 43.4 30 5.7 3

Opinion poll sources[edit]

  1. ^ "El PP doblega al PSOE a siete días de la cita electoral". La Razón (in Spanish). 15 May 2011. Archived from the original on 3 September 2011. 
  2. ^ "El PP ganaría las elecciones y provocaría un vuelco electoral en Extremadura". Antena 3 (in Spanish). 9 May 2011. 
  3. ^ "El popular Monago recorta casi doce puntos a Fernández Vara". La Razón (in Spanish). 25 April 2011. Archived from the original on 26 April 2011. 
  4. ^ "Pendientes de la sorpresa". La Razón (in Spanish). 25 April 2011. 
  5. ^ "Barómetro electoral autonómico" (PDF). Celeste-Tel (in Spanish). 9 May 2011. 
  6. ^ "Preelectoral elecciones autonómicas, 2011. Comunidad Autónoma de Extremadura (Estudio nº 2879. Marzo-Abril 2011)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 5 May 2011. 
  7. ^ "El PSOE fija su objetivo: salvar los muebles". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 6 May 2011. 
  8. ^ "IU podría ser decisivo en Extremadura (El Mundo)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 24 April 2011. Archived from the original on 29 April 2011. 
  9. ^ "El PP arrebata al PSOE su "feudo", pero Vara podría seguir gobernando con IU". ABC (in Spanish). 8 May 2011. 
  10. ^ "La presidencia de Extremadura en manos de IU (Grupo Vocento)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 8 May 2011. Archived from the original on 4 November 2011. 
  11. ^ "Vara conserva la Junta, pero peligra la mayoría absoluta de los socialistas". Público (in Spanish). 4 April 2011. Archived from the original on 11 May 2014. 
  12. ^ "IU podría ser la fuerza decisiva en Extremadura (Público)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 4 April 2011. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. 
  13. ^ "Encuesta Preelectoral Comunidad Autónoma de Extremadura". Libertad Digital (in Spanish). 24 January 2011. 
  14. ^ "El PP conquista los grandes feudos de los socialistas". La Razón (in Spanish). 22 January 2011. Archived from the original on 5 March 2011. 
  15. ^ "El PP, a un paso de la mayoría absoluta en Andalucía y Castilla La Mancha (La Razón)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 22 January 2011. Archived from the original on 26 January 2011. 
  16. ^ "Empate técnico entre PSOE y PP en Extremadura (El Mundo)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 5 January 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2011. 
  17. ^ "IU puede tener la llave de la Junta". Hoy (in Spanish). 2 January 2011. 
  18. ^ "El PSOE de Extremadura volvería a ganar con mayoría absoluta (encuesta interna)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 15 July 2010. Archived from the original on 14 October 2010. 
  19. ^ "Vuelco del mapa electoral autonómico (El Mundo)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 31 May 2010. Archived from the original on 2 June 2010. 
  20. ^ "El PP extremeño se sitúa a un escaño del PSOE y de gobernar en la región, según una encuesta". 20 minutos (in Spanish). 23 April 2010. 
  21. ^ "El feudo más seguro del PSOE". Público (in Spanish). 28 March 2010. Archived from the original on 9 March 2012. 
  22. ^ "El PSOE volvería a ganar las elecciones en Extremadura, aunque pierde cinco puntos en favor del PP". Hoy (in Spanish). 28 February 2010. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Extremaduran election results Historiaelectoral.com. Retrieved 2011-04-05.
  2. ^ "Vara sees a PSOE-IU pact as the 'only chance'" (in Spanish). El Mundo. 2011-05-23. 
  3. ^ "Extremadura takes a political change for granted" (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 2011-07-04. 
  4. ^ a b c d Statute of Autonomy of the Autonomous Community of Extremadura of 2011, Organic Law No. 1 of January 28, 2011 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 17 March 2017.
  5. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  6. ^ a b c Assembly of Extremadura Elections Law of 1987, Law No. 2 of March 16, 1987 Official Journal of Extremadura (in Spanish). Retrieved on 17 March 2017.
  7. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  8. ^ a b "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017. 
  9. ^ "Assembly of Extremadura election results, 22 May 2011. Badajoz and Cáceres" (PDF). juntaelectoralcentral.es (in Spanish). Electoral Commission of Extremadura. 3 June 2011. Retrieved 26 September 2017. 
  10. ^ "Assembly of Extremadura elections since 1983". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 26 September 2017.