Elizabeth Street, Melbourne

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Elizabeth Street
Victoria
Elizabeth St Melbourne 2010.jpg
Elizabeth Street looking south toward Flinders Street Station, 2010
Coordinates 37°48′35″S 144°57′40″E / 37.8096°S 144.961°E / -37.8096; 144.961Coordinates: 37°48′35″S 144°57′40″E / 37.8096°S 144.961°E / -37.8096; 144.961
General information
Type Street
Opened 1837
Major junctions
North end Haymarket
  Queensberry Street
Victoria Street
Franklin Street
La Trobe Street
Lonsdale Street
Bourke Street
Collins Street
South end Flinders Street
Location(s)
Suburb(s) Melbourne, Carlton

Elizabeth Street is one of the main streets in the central business district of Melbourne, Australia, part of the Hoddle Grid laid out in 1837. It is presumed to have been named in honour of governor Richard Bourke's wife.[1]

The street is famous as a retail shopping precinct, particularly for motorcycles and cameras. It is also connected with key shopping and tourist destinations such as Bourke Street Mall, Melbourne's GPO, Melbourne Central Shopping Centre and Queen Victoria Market.

Geography[edit]

Elizabeth St, looking south from the Queen Victoria Market

The street runs roughly north-south in-between Queen Street and Swanston Street. At the southern end the street terminates at Flinders Street Station, whilst the northern end terminates at Grattan Street, north of the Haymarket Roundabout.

Haymarket connects Elizabeth Street to Peel Street towards the south-west, Flemington Road to the north-west, Royal Parade to the north and Grattan Street to the East. This complex, high-traffic roundabout is further complicated by trams travelling through it on varying routes.[2] Traffic lights were installed on the roundabout in 2011 to limit the dangerous complexity of the intersection, it having previously functioned as a normal roundabout.[2]

Floods[edit]

Elizabeth Street is the lowest point in the Melbourne central business district, with land rising both to the east and west, and more gradually to the north. The street was built on top of a historic natural creek and has suffered numerous floods in Melbourne's history.[3] Flash flooding south towards the Yarra River occurred in 1882, 1972 and more recently during the 2010 Victorian storms.[3] The Elizabeth Street drain runs from Carlton in the north to the Yarra River in the south, carrying stormwater from the inner northern suburbs and city centre.[4] This drain is a significant source of pollutants entering the lower Yarra.[5]

Notable Buildings[edit]

Melbourne's GPO is located on the corner of Elizabeth & Bourke

Elizabeth Street is home to many historically important buildings, modern structures and works of art. These various works are listed on both the Victorian Heritage Register and National Trust of Australia.

Victorian Heritage Register[edit]

National Trust[edit]

Michaels Building corner of Elizabeth & Lonsdale Street

Motorcycle and Camera Precincts[edit]

Elizabeth Street, Melbourne circa 1960

There are a large number of retail shops on Elizabeth Street, though perhaps most famously the street is home to a number of photography retailers and a considerable number of motorcycle dealers. The street has been the home of motorbike retailing in inner Melbourne since 1903, the longest-existing such area in the world.[8]

Transport[edit]

As well as Flinders Street Station at the southern end, the western exit of Melbourne Central railway station is located at the intersection of Latrobe and Elizabeth Streets. A number of tram services run along the street, including route 19 trams to Coburg North, route 59 trams to Airport West and route 57 trams to West Maribyrnong.

See also[edit]

Australia road sign W5-29.svg Australian Roads portal

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Royal Historical Society of Victoria: "Melbourne’s streets and lanes: what’s in a name?", brochure published 2004 or later, retrieved 4 April 2013
  2. ^ a b "Trams DownUnder - Message 147857". tdu.to. Retrieved 2017-01-21. 
  3. ^ a b "Melbourne city grid | Ergo". ergo.slv.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2017-01-21. 
  4. ^ "THE ELIZABETH-STREET DRAIN. - The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) - 22 Jul 1884". Trove. Retrieved 2017-01-21. 
  5. ^ "Melbourne's underground river: Museum Victoria". museumvictoria.com.au. Retrieved 2017-01-21. 
  6. ^ "VHD". vhd.heritagecouncil.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2017-01-21. 
  7. ^ "VHD". vhd.heritagecouncil.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2017-01-21. 
  8. ^ "Melbourne Motorcycle Zone: Elizabeth St (Motorcycle precincts)". Motorcycle Trader - New and Classic Motorcycles. 2015-01-12. Retrieved 2017-01-21. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Elizabeth Street at Wikimedia Commons