Melbourne Central railway station

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Melbourne Central
Commuter rail station
Melbourne Central Station Platform 2017.jpg
LocationLa Trobe Street, Melbourne
Coordinates37°48′36″S 144°57′46″E / 37.81000°S 144.96278°E / -37.81000; 144.96278Coordinates: 37°48′36″S 144°57′46″E / 37.81000°S 144.96278°E / -37.81000; 144.96278
Owned byVicTrack
Operated byMetro
Line(s)Alamein (weekday pre-peak and post-peak only)
Belgrave
Craigieburn
Cranbourne
Frankston (select weekday peaks and weekends only)
Glen Waverley
Hurstbridge
Lilydale
Pakenham
Sandringham (weekends only)
Mernda
Sunbury
Upfield
Werribee (weekends only)
Platforms4 (2 island)
Tracks4
Construction
Structure typeUnderground
Depth29 m[1]
Platform levels2
Disabled accessYes
Other information
StatusPremium station
Station codeMCE
Fare zone1
WebsitePublic Transport Victoria
History
Opened24 January 1981
ElectrifiedYes
Previous namesMuseum
Traffic
Passengers (2008-2009)14.916 million[2]
Passengers (2009-2010)14.511 million[2]Decrease 2.71%
Passengers (2010-2011)15.384 million[2]Increase 6.01%
Passengers (2011-2012)14.333 million[2]Decrease 6.83%
Passengers (2012-2013)Not measured[2]
Passengers (2013-2014)15.925 million[2]Increase 11.11%
Services
Direction of travel on metropolitan lines between stations on the City Loop changes to either Flagstaff or Parliament depending on the line and time of day.
Preceding station   Metro Trains   Following station
One-way operation
Mernda line
towards Mernda
Hurstbridge line
towards Hurstbridge
Lilydale line
towards Lilydale
Belgrave line
towards Belgrave
Alamein line
towards Alamein
Glen Waverley line
towards Glen Waverley
Pakenham line
towards Pakenham
Cranbourne line
towards Cranbourne
Frankston line
towards Frankston
Sandringham line
One-way operation
towards Upfield
Upfield line
towards Craigieburn
Craigieburn line
towards Sunbury
Sunbury line
One-way operation
Werribee line
Passengers for the Williamstown line must change at Southern Cross (weekday mornings), North Melbourne (weekday afternoons) or Newport (weekends).
Station entry gate
Station Concourse

Melbourne Central railway station is an underground station on the metro network in Melbourne, Australia. It is one of five stations (and one of three underground) on the City Loop, which encircles the Melbourne CBD. The station is under La Trobe Street, between Swanston and Elizabeth Streets, on the northern edge of the CBD. The station is named after the Melbourne Central Shopping Centre which it is beneath. It feeds into Melbourne's main metro network station, Flinders Street and also Southern Cross Melbourne's main regional terminus. In 2013/14 it was the 3rd busiest station in Melbourne's metropolitan network, with 15.925 million passenger movements.[3]

History[edit]

The station was built using cut and cover construction. In December 1973 to permit excavation of the station, La Trobe Street and its tram tracks were temporarily relocated to the south onto the site of what is now the Melbourne Central Shopping Centre, and moved back on completion of the work in 1978.[4] The pit was 168 metres (551 ft) long and 22.5 metres (74 ft) wide, 29 metres (95 ft) deep at the Swanston Street end and 22 metres (72 ft) deep at the Elizabeth Street end. Seven layers of struts were used to support the excavation, with 2,600 tonnes of steel temporary supports required.[5]

The station opened as Museum on 24 January 1981 after the adjacent National Museum of Victoria and Science Museum of Victoria in the State Library of Victoria complex on Swanston Street. It was the first station on the loop to open,[6] initially services only operated for the Burnley and Caulfield Groups on platforms 2 and 4, with trains from the Clifton Group starting to use platform 1 on 31 October 1982, and trains from the Northern Group starting to use platform 3 on 1 May 1984. The Elizabeth Street entrance to the station opened on 5 April 1982.

The adjoining Melbourne Central Shopping Centre opened in 1991,[7] being built around the existing escalators to street level, with only minor integration between the station concourse and shopping centre. The station was renamed after the shopping centre on 16 February 1997[8][9], shortly before the then "Museum of Victoria" closed on July 13.[2] (The museum was to reappear as the Melbourne Museum in Carlton in 2000).

The station concourse was redeveloped in 2002/03 as part of the renovation of the wider centre, while the direct escalators from the concourse to Swanston Street closed in November 2003, and were replaced by a path through the shopping centre.[10]

In 2025, Pakenham, Cranbourne and Sunbury railway lines will cease to stop at Melbourne Central Station as the Metro Tunnel Project opens.

Facilities[edit]

Melbourne Central, has an underground concourse and two levels of platforms below it (2 island platforms and four tracks). Each platform serves a separate group of rail lines that leave the Loop and radiate out into the city's suburbs. At peak times with a train arriving every 2.5 minutes, the station has a passenger flow of 30,000 per hour. Three elevators were initially provided, as well as 21 escalators.[5] Melbourne Central is a premium station, meaning that it is staffed from first to last train and provides extra customer services.

The concourse has two sections separated by the shopping centre food court:

  • The Elizabeth Street concourse has stairs and three escalators providing access to the street, a walkway to the Swanston Street concourse, a booking office, ticket barriers, toilets, and stairs and five escalators leading down to the platforms.
  • The Swanston Street concourse was altered in the early 2000s when redevelopment works were carried out at the adjacent Melbourne Central Shopping Centre. Inside the ticket barriers there are toilets, and two lifts and five escalators going to the platforms. Outside is a food court, an exit to La Trobe Street and Level LG of the shopping centre (which passes under Little Lonsdale Street). There is also a lift and four escalators to the shopping centre level above. On the next level up (Level G) there is access to Little Lonsdale and La Trobe Streets via the shopping centre. Access to Swanston Street is via three escalators rising another floor (or the lift to level 1 and a 70m walk), and a walk through the shopping centre past the shot tower.

Platforms & services[edit]

Platform 1 - Clifton Group

Platform 2 - Caulfield Group

During 2025 Sunbury, Pakenham and Cranbourne lines services are planned to be replaced by the Melbourne Metro Rail Project services.

Platform 3 - Northern Group

Platform 4 - Burnley Group

Transport links[edit]

Yarra Trams operate thirteen services to or via Melbourne Central station, on Swanston, Elizabeth, and La Trobe Streets.

Swanston Street

Elizabeth Street

La Trobe Street

Transdev Melbourne operate five routes from Lonsdale Street (Melbourne Central side):

Transdev Melbourne operate eleven routes from Lonsdale Street (Myer side):

Transdev Melbourne operate nine routes from Swanston/Lonsdale Streets (QV):

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20050718073039/http://www.doi.vic.gov.au/doi/doielect.nsf/2a6bd98dee287482ca256915001cff0c/44507f9d12a4406cca25700c0012fe36/$FILE/MURL%20booklet.pdf
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Train Station Patronage FY2008-2014" (XLS). Public Transport Victoria. 14 May 2015. Archived from the original on 30 March 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help) (access from [1])
  3. ^ Station Patronage Research Public Transport Victoria
  4. ^ SE Dornan & RG Henderson (1979). Electric Railways of Victoria. Australian Electric Traction Society. p. 93. ISBN 0-909459-06-1.
  5. ^ a b History of Melbourne's Underground Rail System Metropolitan Transport Authority
  6. ^ Department of Infrastructure. "Public transport – City Loop history". www.doi.vic.gov.au. Archived from the original on 20 May 2009. Retrieved 20 July 2008. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  7. ^ "Melbourne Central Tower – Building Profile". melbournecentraltower.com.au. Archived from the original on 21 November 2011. Retrieved 26 September 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  8. ^ "Museum Becomes Central" Railway Digest February 1997 page 15
  9. ^ "Upgrading Eltham to a Premium Station". Newsrail. Australian Railway Historical Society. October 1997. p. 310.
  10. ^ "Melbourne Central set to prey on captive commuters". The Age. 4 November 2003. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  11. ^ "1 East Coburg - South Melbourne Beach". Public Transport Victoria.
  12. ^ "3-3a Melbourne University - East Malvern". Public Transport Victoria.
  13. ^ "5 Melbourne University - Malvern". Public Transport Victoria.
  14. ^ "6 Moreland - Glen Iris". Public Transport Victoria.
  15. ^ "16 Melbourne University - Kew via St Kilda Beach". Public Transport Victoria.
  16. ^ "64 Melbourne University - East Brighton". Public Transport Victoria.
  17. ^ "67 Melbourne University - Carnegie". Public Transport Victoria.
  18. ^ "72 Melbourne University - Camberwell". Public Transport Victoria.
  19. ^ "19 North Coburg - Flinders Street Station & City". Public Transport Victoria.
  20. ^ "57 West Maribyrnong - Flinders Street Station & City". Public Transport Victoria.
  21. ^ "59 Airport West - Flinders Street Station & City". Public Transport Victoria.
  22. ^ "30 St Vincents Plaza - Docklands via La Trobe St". Public Transport Victoria.
  23. ^ "35 City Circle (Free Tourist Tram)". Public Transport Victoria.
  24. ^ "200 City (Queen St) - Bulleen". Public Transport Victoria.
  25. ^ "201 Box Hill Station - Deakin University". Public Transport Victoria.
  26. ^ "207 City - Doncaster SC via Kew Junction". Public Transport Victoria.
  27. ^ a b "250 City (Queen St) - La Trobe University". Public Transport Victoria.
  28. ^ a b "251 City (Queen St) - Northland SC". Public Transport Victoria.
  29. ^ a b "302 City - Box Hill via Belmore Rd and Eastern Fwy". Public Transport Victoria.
  30. ^ a b "303 City - Ringwood North via Park Rd". Public Transport Victoria.
  31. ^ a b "305 City - The Pines SC via Eastern Fwy". Public Transport Victoria.
  32. ^ a b "309 City - Donvale via Reynolds Rd". Public Transport Victoria.
  33. ^ a b "318 City - Deep Creek". Public Transport Victoria.
  34. ^ a b "905 City - The Pines SC via Eastern Fwy & Templestowe (SMARTBUS Service)". Public Transport Victoria.
  35. ^ a b "906 City - Warrandyte via The Pines SC (SMARTBUS service)". Public Transport Victoria.
  36. ^ a b "907 City - Mitcham via Doncaster Rd (SMARTBUS service)". Public Transport Victoria.
  37. ^ a b "908 City - The Pines SC via Eastern Fwy (SMARTBUS Service)". Public Transport Victoria.

External links[edit]