Spring Street, Melbourne

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Spring Street
Victoria
Parliament House Melbourne 2010.jpg
Parliament House on Spring Street, looking south
Coordinates 37°48′42″S 144°58′24″E / 37.8116°S 144.9732°E / -37.8116; 144.9732Coordinates: 37°48′42″S 144°58′24″E / 37.8116°S 144.9732°E / -37.8116; 144.9732
General information
Type Street
Opened 1837
Major junctions
North end Victoria Street
  Lonsdale Street
Nicholson Street
Bourke Street
MacArthur Street
Collins Street
South end Flinders Street
Location(s)
Suburb(s) Melbourne CBD

Spring Street is a major street in the central business district of Melbourne, Australia. It runs roughly north-south and is the easternmost street in the original 1837 Hoddle Grid.[1]

Spring Street is famous as the traditional seat of the Government of Victoria, as well as being central to many of the state's major cultural institutions. The street's name is frequently used as a metonym to refer to the state's bureaucracy.[2] Spring Street is also notable for its impressive Victorian architecture, including Melbourne Parliament House, the Old Treasury Building, the Windsor Hotel (also known as Duchess of Spring Street)[3] and the Princess Theatre.

The street is thought to be named either for Thomas Spring Rice, 1st Baron Monteagle of Brandon and Chancellor of the Exchequer under Lord Melbourne.[4] An alternate theory is that the name is due to the golden wattle trees in bloom during Richard Bourke's visit.[5]

Geography[edit]

The street runs from Flinders Street in the south to Victoria Street and the Carlton Gardens in the north. Nicholson Street begins as an offshoot of Spring Street slightly south to its intersection with Lonsdale Street.

Notable Buildings[edit]

Spring Street has a number of architecturally notable buildings and important gardens, with many featuring on the Victorian Heritage Register and/or National Trust of Australia. These include:

The Old Treasury Building at dusk
The Hotel Windsor viewed from Treasury Place

Victorian Heritage Register[edit]

*Also classified by the National Trust

National Trust[edit]

Other Prominent Structures[edit]

Parks and gardens[edit]

Spring Street forms the western border of the Treasury Gardens. Gordon Reserve, a small triangle of parkland featuring heritage listed statues, is also located on Spring Street. Another small Chinese garden, known as the Tianjin Garden, is also located at the northern end of Spring Street. It is a symbol of Melbourne's close friendship with its sister city, Tianjin, China.[6]

Transport[edit]

Tram tracks, taxis and cars on Spring Street

A number of tram routes run along Spring Street for all or part of its length, including the City Circle Tram, route 48 and route 96.

Parliament railway station, connecting to most suburban Melbourne train lines as part of the underground City Loop, lies directly beneath and parallel to Spring Street.

See also[edit]

Australia road sign W5-29.svg Australian roads portal

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Melbourne - City of Melbourne". www.melbourne.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2017-01-25. 
  2. ^ Michael Bachelard Feeling the heat The Age, 25 July 2010
  3. ^ Dow, Aisha (2015-07-10). "Windsor Hotel to close, tower plans dumped". The Age. Retrieved 2017-01-25. 
  4. ^ Royal Historical Society of Victoria. "Melbourne's Streets and Lanes: What's in a Name?" (PDF). History Victoria. Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  5. ^ Melbourne, School of Historical Studies, Department of History, The University of. "Street Names - Entry - eMelbourne - The Encyclopedia of Melbourne Online". www.emelbourne.net.au. Retrieved 2017-01-25. 
  6. ^ "About Chinatown | Chinatown Melbourne - Welcome to Chinatown Melbourne". chinatownmelbourne.com.au. Retrieved 2017-01-25.