|Emilio Aceval Merín|
|14th President of Paraguay|
November 25, 1898 – January 9, 1902
|Vice President||Don Hector Carvallo|
|Preceded by||Juan Bautista Egusquiza|
|Succeeded by||Andrés Héctor Carvallo|
October 16, 1853|
|Died||April 15, 1931
|Spouse(s)||Adelina Díaz de Bedoya, in second marriage, Mrs. Josefina Rivarola.|
His parents were Don Leonardo Aceval and Ms Monica Marin. It was his brother Dr. Benjamin Aceval, distinguished personality in culture and institutional life of our country. Dr. Benjamin died suddenly on July 5, 1900, with this event; a great sadness gripped Don Emilio, who had already lost one of its most valuable advisers. She married very young, at first marriage with Adelina Diaz de Bedoya, which widowed and married later, in second marriage, Mrs. Josefina Rivarola.
He was one of the heroes children survivors of the famous battle of Acosta Ñu. Their studies conducted under the leadership of Fidel father corn, but the outbreak of the War against Triple Alliance joined the Army at age 13. He was injured in Pirayú and then Ñu Acosta, where he performed with the rank of sergeant major, at that famous battle of children. Days later, fell prisoner in the battle of Caraguatay. (Her attire of a soldier is on display at the Museum of Military History).
Upon returning to the capital, he met the sad scene of her parents' home, which was cruelly sacked, was discovered in a cold loneliness, but his relatives had helped him to move to Corrientes and then to Buenos Aires, where they resumed their homework as internal National Central College. He continued his studies engineering in the postwar period in 1876, but had to stop because of a serious illness. After his recovery, he made a long trip through Europe and the United States, where it returned in 1881, and was devoted to livestock, becoming a major landowner. He died in Asuncion on April 15, 1931.
He was President of the Republic between November 25, 1898 and January 9, 1902. It was the third agent with Paraguayan surname basque. His cabinet was formed by: Joseph P. Urdapilleta, Finance; Jose Second Decoud in Foreign Affairs, Guillermo de los Rios in the Interior; Jose Zacarias Caminos, Venancio V. Lopez, Geronimo Pereira Cazal, Legal and Pedro Jose Tomas Bobadilla, Justice, Worship and Public Instruction, and Colonel John A. Drain in War and Navy.
During the government of President Aceval, Paraguay participated in the Universal Exhibition in Paris, were created the National Council on Education, the Directorate General of Schools and the National Council of Hygiene. It also created the office collecting Internal Revenue; was declared an epidemic of bubonic plague, which led to the creation of the Office Bacteriológica; settled colonies of immigrants, especially Italians, died murdered journalist and historian Blas Garay. Paraguay participated in the International Exhibition of Philadelphia; telegraph came to San Estanislao and in the north and south of Encarnación.
In addition, the Act was enacted Colonization & Home; were established in Paraguay large number of Italian immigrants. Unfortunately, during his government, the country suffered the ravages of an epidemic of bubonic fever. As from January 1, 1901, came into force the metric system, thus supplant the old units of measures, such as inch rod, the ounce, at sign, the yard, mile, the pound and other units established by the Spanish administration in South America. It launched the "Historical Biweekly Magazine", under the leadership of Manuel Dominguez, set a chair in sociology in charge of Dr. Baez. Also, he was appointed to Dr. Cecilio Báez, in 1901, Minister Plenipotentiary in Mexico, and delegated the 2nd. Panamerican Conference. For national pride, his paper was approved and his return was given a glorious welcome.
Emilio Aceval summed up his thoughts with these simple words: "I have a truism, and not without foundation, the work of national reconstruction requires the greatest amount of intellectual energy, greater prudence in the choice of means and a joint effort of patriotism ".
A relapse in the political situation caused serious conflicts that were reflected in Parliament. On January 9, 1902, a revolutionary committee that was formed by the generals Caballero and Escobar, and Colonel Drain concluded the wishes of overthrowing Aceval, forced him to resign, and in the parliamentary precinct exploded an incident that resulted in the death of Senator Facundo Insfrán and wound several congressmen. Immediately resumed session and Congress decided to appoint his own replacement as vice president, Don Hector Carballo.
Businessman, also served as Minister of Finance and was War and Navy Minister, during the government of General Egusquiza. In addition, on June 9, 1894, was a member of the Popular Club Egusquicista. He participated in the exhibition Universal Paris and attended the World Exposition in Philadelphia.
Juan Bautista Egusquiza
|President of Paraguay
Andrés Héctor Carvallo