Colorado Party (Paraguay)
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|President||Hércules Pedro Lorenzo Alliana Rodríguez|
|Founded||September 11, 1887|
|Headquarters||25 de Mayo N° 842 c/ Tacuary, Asunción|
|Regional affiliation||Union of Latin American Parties|
|International affiliation||International Democrat Union|
|Chamber of Deputies||
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The National Republican Association – Colorado Party (Spanish: Asociación Nacional Republicana – Partido Colorado, ANR-PC) is a right-wing political party in Paraguay, founded on September 11, 1887, by Bernardino Caballero. The presidential candidate of the party was defeated in elections held in April 2008 after 61 years in power, but the party regained the presidency in the 2013 presidential election.
From 1947 until 1962, the Colorado Party ruled Paraguay as a one-party state; all other political parties were illegal. In 1962, all national parties were nominally legalized; the Communist Party being deemed "international" remained illegal and its adherents repressed by the Paraguayan state.
In practice, however, Paraguay remained a one-party military dictatorship until the overthrow of longtime president Alfredo Stroessner in 1989. It served as one of the "twin pillars" of Stroessner's 35-year rule, one of the longest in history by a non-royal leader.
In 2002 the National Union of Ethical Citizens split from the party.
At the legislative elections of April 27, 2003, the party won 35.3% of the popular vote (37 out of 80 seats) in the Chamber of Deputies of Paraguay and 32.9% (16 out of 45 seats) in the Senate. Its candidate at the presidential elections on the same day, Nicanor Duarte, won 37.1% of the popular vote and was elected President of Paraguay.
On April 20, 2008, for the first time in 61 years, the Colorado Party lost the presidential elections to an opposition candidate from the center-left, Fernando Lugo, a Roman Catholic bishop, a first on both accounts (free election of an opposition candidate and of a bishop to the office of president in Paraguay). The Colorado Party was represented in these elections by Blanca Ovelar, the first woman to run for the presidency. Fernando Lugo, who had resigned his bishophood and priesthood before the elections so that he could become eligible under Paraguayan law, was formally released of his vows by the Vatican before his installation as president on August 15, 2008.
According to Antonio Soljancic, a social scientist at the Autonomous University of Asuncion, “in order to get a job you had to show you were a party member. The problem Paraguay has is that, although Stroessner disappeared from the political map, he left a legacy that no one has tried to bury”.
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