Empress Xiaocigao (Qing dynasty)

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Empress Xiaocigao
Born 1575
Died 1603 (aged 27–28)
Spouse Nurhaci
Issue Hong Taiji
Posthumous name
Empress Xiaoci Zhaoxian Jingshun Renhui Yide Xianqing Chengtian Fusheng Gao
(孝慈昭憲敬順仁徽懿德顯慶承天輔聖高皇后)
House Yehenara (by birth)
Aisin Gioro (by marriage)
Empress Xiaocigao
Chinese 孝慈高皇后
Yehenara Monggo-Jerjer
Chinese 葉赫那拉‧孟古哲哲

Empress Xiaocigao (1575–1603), personal name Monggo-Jerjer[1] of the Yehenara clan, was a consort of Nurhaci, the Khan of the Later Jin dynasty (precursor of the Qing dynasty). She was the first consort of a Qing emperor to be posthumously honoured as an Empress.

Life[edit]

Monggo-Jerjer was born in the Manchu Yehe clan, a subgroup of the Nara clan. Her father, Yangginu (楊吉砮), was a beile of the Yehenara clan. She had an elder sister, Narinburu.

Monggo-Jerjer married Nurhaci in October 1588 at the age of 13. At that time, Nurhaci's primary consort, Lady Fuca (富察氏), was still living, so Monggo-Jerjer became a concubine. In 1592, she gave birth to a son, Hong Taiji.

Monggo-Jerjer died in 1603. In 1636, after Hong Taiji established the Qing dynasty, he granted his mother the posthumous title "Empress Xiaocigao" and interred her in the Fuling Mausoleum near present-day Shenyang.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Veritable Records of Manchuria, vol. 3.

References[edit]

  • Veritable Records of Manchuria (滿洲實錄) (in Chinese). 
  • Rawski, Evelyn S. (1998). The Last Emperors: A Social History of Qing Imperial Institutions (Reprint ed.). University of California Press. ISBN 052092679X. 
  • Wan, Yi; Shuqing, Wang; Yanzhen, Lu; Scott, Rosemary E. (1988). Daily Life in the Forbidden City: The Qing Dynasty, 1644-1912 (Illustrated ed.). Viking. ISBN 0670811645. 
  • Zhao, Erxun (1928). Draft History of Qing (Qing Shi Gao) (in Chinese). Volume 214. 
Preceded by
Empress Xiaoliewu
Empress of the Qing dynasty
(granted the title of Empress posthumously in 1636)
Succeeded by
Empress Xiaoduanwen