Empress Xiaodexian

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Empress Xiaodexian
Empress Consort of the Qing dynasty
Tenure posthumously honoured as Empress
Predecessor Empress Xiaoquancheng
Successor Empress Xiaozhenxian
Born (1831-04-12)12 April 1831
Died 24 January 1850(1850-01-24) (aged 18)
Burial Dingling Mausoleum, Eastern Qing tombs, China
Spouse Xianfeng Emperor
Posthumous name
Empress Xiaode Wenhui Chengshun Cizhuang Keshen Huiyi Gongtian Zansheng Xian
Father Futai
Empress Xiaodexian
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 孝德顯皇后
Simplified Chinese 孝德显皇后
Lady Sakda
Traditional Chinese 薩克達氏
Simplified Chinese 萨克达氏
Manchu name
Manchu script ᡥᡳᠶᠣᠣᡧᡠᠩᡤᠠ ᡝᡵᡩᡝᠮᡠ ᡳᠯᡝᡨᡠ ᡥᡡᠸᠠᠩᡥᡝᠣ
Romanization hiyoošungga erdemu iletu hūwangheo

Empress Xiaodexian (12 April 1831 – 24 January 1850) was the first consort of the Xianfeng Emperor of the Qing dynasty.


Empress Xiaodexian was born in the Manchu Sakda (薩克達) clan, which was under the Bordered Yellow Banner.[1] Her father was Futai (富泰), who served as a shaoqing (少卿; vice minister) in the Imperial Ancestral Temple department.

In 1847, Lady Sakda married Yizhu, the fourth son of the Daoguang Emperor, and became Yizhu's primary consort. She died in January 1850. She did not bear Yizhu any children. About a month after her death, the Daoguang Emperor died and was succeeded by Yizhu, who became the Xianfeng Emperor. As the Xianfeng Emperor's primary consort, Lady Sakda was posthumously honoured as Empress, and was interred in the Dingling Mausoleum in the Eastern Qing tombs.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Volume 167 of the Qing Shi Gao states that her father was from the Bordered Yellow Banner.


  • Seagrave, Sterling; Seagrave, Peggy (1992). Dragon Lady: The Life and Legend of the Last Empress of China (Illustrated ed.). Knopf. 
  • Wan, Yi; Shuqing, Wang; Yanzhen, Lu; Scott, Rosemary E. (1988). Daily Life in the Forbidden City: The Qing Dynasty, 1644-1912 (Illustrated ed.). Viking. ISBN 0670811645. 
  • Zhao, Erxun (1928). Draft History of Qing (Qing Shi Gao) (in Chinese). 


Chinese royalty
Preceded by
Empress Xiaoquancheng
Empress of China
Succeeded by
Empress Xiaojingcheng