|Alternative names||Breakfast muffin|
|Place of origin||England|
|Main ingredients||wheat flour, shortening, milk, sugar, yeast|
|Cookbook: Muffin Media: Muffin|
An English muffin is a small, round, flat (or thin) type of yeast-leavened bread which is commonly sliced horizontally, toasted, and buttered. They are commonly eaten in the English-speaking world.
Muffins are commonly available in the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States. Outside the United Kingdom they are commonly called English muffins to distinguish them from American muffins, which have a more cake-like crumb and texture.
English muffins are most often toasted and then topped with butter and/or jam. English muffins are also used in breakfast sandwiches with meat (bacon, ham, or sausage), egg (fried, scrambled, poached, or steam-poached), and cheese. They are an essential ingredient in the traditional American brunch dish Eggs Benedict. English muffins can be purchased in a wide range of varieties, including whole wheat, cinnamon raisin, cranberry, and apple cinnamon, or they can be homemade.
In Germany, English muffins are called Toasties or Toastbrötchen.
A historic English recipe, they are available in all British supermarkets, where they are usually sold simply as muffins. As a form of 'enriched bread' they are thought to have been introduced by French Huguenot immigrants such as Sally Lunn; a type of teacake or sweetened muffin. The word itself is thought to be Low German muffen meaning 'little cakes'. In the past, muffins were sold by streethawkers door to door as a snack bread before most houses were provided with ovens in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, giving rise to the traditional song "Do you know the Muffin Man?" As in the US they are the foundation for eggs Florentine and eggs Benedict which commonly feature on UK brunch menus.
- List of breads
- List of British breads
- Muffin – the type of small sized, quick breads in American English