Environa, New South Wales
New South Wales
The land itself was originally a subdivision of the grazing property known as Hill Station. It lies just east of the Queanbeyan-Cooma railway line as it goes past the industrial estate of Hume, ACT.
Henry Ferdinand Halloran, an enterprising realtor bought the property at auction in 1924 and began planning the future city. Halloran emphasised the future promise of the region, with the closest freehold (Torrens title) land to the federal territory.
Plans for the northern part of the subdivision, called Canberra Freehold Estate, included space for offices, shops, a hospital, and theatres. Some of the street names were Rue de Paris, Piazza di Roma and Tokio Dori. On the southern part of the estate, Halloran built stone monuments. These included an arch at the entrance, rows of stone pillars along the entrance route, and a statue of Henry Parkes on a tall column. Bandstands were built, which had corrugated iron roof supported by tree trunks, and a platform. The main top-mast off HMAS Sydney was erected, but rotted at the base and collapsed. This was later moved to Jervis Bay.
No blocks were ever sold and the planned development never went ahead with the Great Depression killing off the project. The Queanbeyan Council resumed the land to the north, because of unpaid rates, and it later became part of South Queanbeyan. Henry Halloran died in 1953 after 84 years of life and the property at Environa was inherited by his daughter Mrs Joyce Larcombe. A house was built there in 1971.
Environa lies on the lower slopes of the Pemberton Hill to the south. It is 620 metres (2,030 ft) to 660 metres (2,170 ft) above sea level. The rocks are acid volcanics, rhyodacite and rhyolite from the Deakin Volcanics. These rocks solidified 414±9 Mya.
- Horsfield, Jennifer. "Environa, Marketing a life-style near Canberra 80 years ago" (PDF). National Library of Australia (National Library of Australia News - October 2005 Volume XVI Number 1). Retrieved 2010-12-19.
- Allan J. Mortlock; Bernice Anderson (1978). Undiscovered Canberra. Canberra: Australian National University Press. pp. 42–47. ISBN 0-7081-1579-9.
- "Ode to old stones". Traveller. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
- Henderson G A M and Matveev G, Geology of Canberra, Queanbeyan and Environs 1:50000 1980.