Erkin Vohidov

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Erkin Vohidov
Born (1936-12-28)December 28, 1936
Oltiariq District, Fergana Region
Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic
Died May 30, 2016 (2016-05-31) (aged 79)
Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Occupation Poet, playwright, literary translator
Notable awards
  • National Poet of the Uzbek SSR (1987)
  • Hero of Uzbekistan (1999)

Erkin Vohidov (Uzbek: Erkin Vohidov, Эркин Воҳидов; December 28, 1936 – May 30, 2016) was an Uzbek poet, playwright, and literary translator.[1] In addition to writing his own poetry, Vohidov translated the works of many famous foreign poets, such as Aleksandr Tvardovsky, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Muhammad Iqbal, Rasul Gamzatov, and Sergey Yesenin into the Uzbek language.[2]

Vohidov became a National Poet of the Uzbek SSR in 1987. In 1999, he was awarded the title Hero of Uzbekistan, the highest honorary title that can be bestowed on a citizen by Uzbekistan.[3]


Erkin Vohidov was born on December 28, 1936, in Oltiariq District, Fergana Region, then the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic. His father, Chuyanboy Vohidov, fought in the Soviet-German war against Nazi Germany and its allies and died in Tashkent after his return from the war. Later Vohidov's mother, Roziyahon Vohidova, also died. He was raised by his uncle, Karimboy Sohiboyev.

In 1945, Vohidov moved to Tashkent and completed secondary school there. After graduating from Tashkent State University with a degree in philology in 1960, he started working at various publishing houses.


Vohidov worked as an editor at Yosh Gvardiya, the Uzbek branch of Molodaya Gvardiya, from 1960 to 1963. He also worked as editor-in-chief at the same publishing house from 1975 to 1982. Vohidov also served as editor-in-chief (1963-1970) and director (1985-1987) of Gʻafur Gʻulom, another publishing house in Tashkent. From 1982 until 1985, he worked as the head of the monthly periodical Yoshlik (Childhood).[4]

Vohidov started writing poetry during his student years. His first poem was published when he was fourteen years old. Vohidov's first collection of poems, Tong nafasi (The Breath of Morning), was published in 1961.

Literary works[edit]

The following is a list of Vohidov's books of poetry:

  • Tong nafasi (The Breath of Morning) (1961)
  • Qoʻshiqlarim sizga (My Songs are for You) (1962)
  • Yurak va aql (The Heart and the Mind) (1963)
  • Mening yulduzim (My Star) (1964)
  • Nido (The Appeal) (1965)
  • Lirika (Lyricism) (1965)
  • Palatkada yozilgan doston (The Poem That was Written in a Tent) (1967)
  • Yoshlik devoni (The Diwan of Youth) (1969)
  • Charogʻbon (1970)
  • Quyosh maskani (The Land of the Sun) (1972)
  • Dostonlar (Poems) (1973)
  • Tirik sayyoralar (The Living Planets) (1978)
  • Ruhlar isyoni (The Rise of the Spirits) (1980)
  • Sharqiy qirgʻoq (The East Coast) (1980)
  • Kelajakka maktub (A Letter to the Future) (1983)
  • Muhabbat (Love) (1984)
  • Hozirgi yoshlar (The Youth of Today) (1986)
  • Saylanma (Selected Works)
    • Birinchi jild: Muhabbatnoma (Volume I: Muhabbat-Name) (1986)
    • Ikkinchi jild: Sadoqatnoma (Volume II: Sadakat-Name) (1986)
  • Iztirob (The Sorrow) (1991)
  • Kuy avjida uzilmasin tor (Don't Let the Strings Brake While Playing) (1991)
  • Oʻrtada begona yoʻq (There is No Stranger in Between) (1991)
  • Yaxshidir achchiq haqiqat (The Bitter Truth is Better) (1992)
  • Qumursqalar jangi (Battle of the Ants) (1993)
  • Saylanma (Selected Works)
    • Birinchi jild: Ishq savdosi (Volume I: The Quest of Love) (2000)
    • Ikkinchi jild: Sheʼr dunyosi (Volume II: The World of Poetry) (2000)
    • Uchinchi jild: Umrim daryosi (Volume III: The River of My Life) (2000)
  • Yangi sheʼrlar (New Poems) (2014)
  • Zamin sayyorasi (Planet Earth) (2014)
  • Saylanma (Selected Works)
    • Birinchi jild: Bahor tarovati (Volume I: The Freshness of the Spring) (2015)
    • Ikkinchi jild: Yoz harorari (Volume II: The Hot of the Summer) (2015)
    • Uchinchi jild: Kuz saxovati (Volume III: The Bounty of the Fall) (2015)
    • Toʻrtinchi jild: Qish halovati (Volume IV: The Quiet of the Winter) (2015)
    • Beshinchi jild: Qalb sadoqati (Volume V: The Loyalty of the Heart) (2015)
    • Oltinchi jild: Erk saodati (Volume VI: The Joy of Freedom) (2015)
    • Yettinchi jild: Tarjimalar: Aleksandr Blok, Sergey Yesenin va boshqalar (Volume VII: Translations: Alexander Blok, Sergei Yesenin and Others) (2015)
    • Sakkizinchi jild: Tarjimalar: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Fausti (Volume VIII: Translations: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's Faust) (2015)
  • تاریخینگ دیر مینگ عصرلر ایچره پنهان اوزبیگیم (Tarixingdir ming asrlar ichra pinhon, oʻzbegim) (2017) (published in Afghanistan in the Arabic script)

Many of Vohidov's poems were translated into Russian. The following is a list of his poetry books that were published in Russian:

  • Лирика (Lyricism) (1970)
  • Стихи (Poems) (1974)
  • Узелок на память (A Knot to Remember) (1980)
  • Восстание бессмертных (The Rise of the Spirits) (1983)
  • В минуту песни не порвись, струна... (Don't Let the Strings Brake While Playing) (1986)

Vohidov also wrote three plays, namely, Oltin devor (The Golden Wall), Istambul fojeasi (The Istanbul Tragedy), and Ikkinchi tumor (The Second Talisman). Many of his poems have been turned into songs by Uzbek artists. Two of the most famous Vohidov poems that have become the lyrics to well-known Uzbek songs are "Inson qasidasi" ("The Ode to Man") and "Oʻzbegim" ("My Uzbek People"), both sung by Sherali Joʻrayev.

Literary translations[edit]

Vohidov translated the works of many famous foreign poets, such as Alexander Blok, Aleksandr Tvardovsky, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Lesya Ukrainka, Mikhail Svetlov, Muhammad Iqbal, Rasul Gamzatov, Sergey Yesenin, and Silva Kaputikyan into the Uzbek language. In particular, he translated Goethe's Faust into Uzbek in 1974. Especially noteworthy are his translations of Yesenin's works into Uzbek. Below is Vohidov's translation of Yesenin's farewell poem "Goodbye, my friend, goodbye" (1925):

Original in Russian

До свиданья, друг мой, до свиданья.
Милый мой, ты у меня в груди.
Предназначенное расставанье
Обещает встречу впереди.

До свиданья, друг мой, без руки, без слова,
Не грусти и не печаль бровей, —
В этой жизни умирать не ново,
Но и жить, конечно, не новей.

English translation

Goodbye, my friend, goodbye
My love, you are in my heart.
It was preordained we should part
And be reunited by and by.

Goodbye: no handshake to endure.
Let's have no sadness — furrowed brow.
There's nothing new in dying now
Though living is no newer.

Vohidov's translation into Uzbek

Xayr endi, xayr, doʻstginam,
Bagʻrimdasan, koʻngil malhami.
Muqarrar bu ayriliqning ham
Visoli bor oldinda hali.

Xayr, doʻstim, soʻzga ochma lab,
Qoʻy, men uchun oʻrtama bagʻir,
Bu hayotda oʻlmoq-ku bor gap,
Yashamoq ham yangimas, axir!

Vohidov's own works in Uzbek have been translated into Russian and many other languages including other Turkic languages. The Soviet poet Robert Rozhdestvensky thought very highly of Vohidov's work.


  1. ^ "Vohidov, Erkin". Ensiklopedik lugʻat (in Uzbek). 1. Toshkent: Oʻzbek sovet ensiklopediyasi. 1988. p. 166. 5-89890-002-0. 
  2. ^ "Erkin Vohidov's Biography". Ziyonet (in Russian). Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  3. ^ "Erkin Vohidov's Biography". (in Russian). Archived from the original on 14 February 2012. Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  4. ^ "Erkin Vohidov's Biography". Ziyouz (in Uzbek). Retrieved 11 February 2012. 

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