|e causa ignota
||of unknown cause
||Often used in medicine when the underlying disease causing a symptom is not known. Cf. idiopathic.
|e pluribus unum
||out of many, one
||Literally, out of more (than one), one. Used on many U.S. coins and inscribed on the Capitol. Also used as the motto of S.L. Benfica. Less commonly written as ex pluribus unum.
|ecce ancilla domini
||behold the handmaiden of the Lord
||name of oil painting by Dante Gabriel Rossetti, motto of Bishopslea Preparatory School.
||Behold the man
||From the Latin Vulgate Gospel of John 19:5 (Douay-Rheims), where Pontius Pilate speaks these words as he presents Christ, crowned with thorns, to the crowd. It is also the title of Nietzsche's autobiography and of the theme music by Howard Goodall for the ITV comedy Mr. Bean, in which the full sung lyric is Ecce homo qui est faba ("Behold the man who is a bean").
|ecce panis angelorum
||behold the bread of angels
||A quote from the Lauda Sion, occasionally inscribed near the altar in Catholic churches; it makes reference to the Host; the Eucharist; the bread of Heaven; the Body of Christ. See also: Panis Angelicus.
||The first printed edition of a work.
||of the same kinds, class, or nature
||From the canons of statutory interpretation. When a list of two or more specific descriptors is followed by more general descriptors, the otherwise wide meaning of the general descriptors must be restricted to the same class, if any, of the specific words that precede them.
|ego te absolvo
||I absolve you
||Part of the absolution-formula spoken by a priest as part of the sacrament of Penance (cf. absolvo).
|ego te provoco
||I challenge you
||Used as a challenge, "I dare you". Can also be written as te provoco
|eheu fugaces labuntur anni
||Alas, the fleeting years slip by
||From Horace's Odes II, 14.
|eluceat omnibus lux
||let the light shine out from all
||The motto of Sidwell Friends School
||Retired from office. Often used to denote a position held at the point of retirement, as an honor, such as professor emeritus or provost emeritus. This does not necessarily mean that the honorand is no longer active.
|ens causa sui
||existing because of oneself
||Or "being one's own cause". Traditionally, a being that owes its existence to no other being, hence God or a Supreme Being (cf. Primum Mobile).
|ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem
||by the sword she seeks a serene repose under liberty
||State motto of Massachusetts, adopted in 1775.
|entia non sunt multiplicanda praeter necessitatem
||entities must not be multiplied beyond necessity
||Occam's Razor or Law of Parsimony; that is, that arguments which do not introduce extraneous variables are to be preferred in logical argumentation.
|entitas ipsa involvit aptitudinem ad extorquendum certum assensum
||reality involves a power to compel sure assent
||A phrase used in modern Western philosophy on the nature of truth.
||by that very (act)
||Technical term used in philosophy and the law. Similar to ipso facto. Example: "The fact that I am does not eo ipso mean that I think." From Latin eo ipso, ablative form of id ipsum, "that (thing) itself".
||by that name
|equo ne credite
||do not trust the horse
||Virgil, Aeneid, II. 48–49; a reference to the Trojan Horse
||in relation to everyone
||Denotes a logical conclusion (cf. cogito ergo sum).
|errare humanum est
||to err is human
||Sometimes attributed to Seneca the Younger, but not attested: Errare humanum est, perseverare autem diabolicum, et tertia non datur (To err is human; to persist [in committing such errors] is of the devil, and the third possibility is not given.) Several authors contemplated the idea before Seneca: Livy Venia dignus error is humanus (Storie, VIII, 35) and Cicero: is Cuiusvis errare: insipientis nullius nisi, in errore perseverare (Anyone can err, but only the fool persists in his fault) (Philippicae XII, ii, 5). Cicero - well-versed in ancient Greek - may well have been alluding to Euripides' play Hippolytus some four centuries earlier. 300 years later Augustine of Hippo recycled the idea in his Sermones (164, 14): Humanum fuit errare, diabolicum est per animositatem in errore manere. The phrase gained currency in English language after Alexander Pope's An Essay on Criticism (1711): "To err is human, to forgive divine." (line 325).
||Or "mistake". Lists of errors in a previous edition of a work are often marked with the plural, errata ("errors").
|errantis voluntas nulla est
||the will of a mistaken party is void
||Roman legal principle formulated by Pomponius in the Digest of the Corpus Juris Civilis, stating that legal actions undertaken by man under the influence of error are ineffective.
|eruditio et religio
||scholarship and duty
||Motto of Duke University
|esse est percipi
||to be is to be perceived
||George Berkeley's motto for his idealist philosophical position that nothing exists independently of its perception by a mind except minds themselves.
|esse quam videri
||to be, rather than to seem
||Truly being something, rather than merely seeming to be something. Motto of many institutions. From chapter 26 of Cicero's De amicitia ('On Friendship'). Earlier than Cicero, the phrase had been used by Sallust in his Bellum Catilinae (54.6), where he wrote that Cato esse quam videri bonus malebat (he preferred to be good, rather than to seem so). Earlier still, Aeschylus used a similar phrase in Seven Against Thebes, line 592, ou gar dokein aristos, all' enai thelei (he wishes not to seem the best, but to be the best); also motto of North Carolina and Ashville College, Cranbrook_School,_Sydney and Royal Holloway College
|est modus in rebus
||there is measure in things
||there is a middle ground in things, there is a middle way; from Horace's Satires 1.1.106; see also: Golden mean (philosophy). According to Potempski & Galmarini (Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 9471–9489, 2009) the sentence should be translated as: "There is an optimal condition in all things" which in the original text is followed by the sentence: "There are therefore precise boundaries beyond which one cannot find the right thing" (sunt certi denique fines quos ultra citraque nequit consistere rectum).
||may it be perpetual
||Said of Venice by the Venetian historian Fra Paolo Sarpi shortly before his death. Also the state motto of Idaho, adopted in 1867, and of S. Thomas' College, Mount Lavinia, Sri Lanka. It is also used as the open motto of Sigma Phi Society, a collegiate Greek Letter Fraternity.
|esto quod es
||be what you are
||Motto of Wells Cathedral School.
|et adhuc sub iudice lis est
||it is still before the court
||Horace, Ars Poetica (The Art of Poetry) 1.78.
|et alibi (et al.)
||A less common variant on et cetera used at the end of a list of locations to denote unlisted places.
|et alii (et al.)
||Used similarly to et cetera ("and the rest"), to stand for a list of names. Alii is masculine, so it can be used for men, or groups of men and women; the feminine, et aliae, is appropriate when the "others" are all female; but as with many loanwords, interlingual use (such as in reference lists) is often invariable. Et alia is neuter plural and thus in Latin text is properly used only for inanimate, genderless objects, but some use it as a gender-neutral alternative. APA style uses et al. (normal font) if the work cited was written by more than six authors; MLA style uses et al. for more than three authors; AMA style lists all authors if ≤6, and 3 + et al if >6. AMA style forgoes the period (because it forgoes the period on abbreviations generally) and it forgoes the italic (as it does with other loanwords naturalized into scientific English); many journals that follow AMA style do likewise.
|et cetera (etc. (US English); etc (UK English)) or (&c. (US); &c (UK))
||And the rest
||In modern usage, used to mean "and so on" or "and more".
|et facta est lux
||And light came to be or was made
||From Genesis 1:3 "and there was light". Motto of Morehouse College in Atlanta, Georgia.
|et hoc genus omne
||And all that sort of thing
||Abbreviated to e.h.g.o. or ehgo
|et in Arcadia ego
||and in Arcadia [am] I
||In other words, "I, too, am in Arcadia". See memento mori.
|et lux in tenebris lucet
||And light shines in the darkness
||See also Lux in Tenebris; motto for the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
|et nunc reges intelligite erudimini qui judicatis terram
||And now, O ye kings, understand: receive instruction, you that judge the earth.
||From the Book of Psalms, II.x. (Vulgate), 2.10 (Douay-Rheims).
|et sequentes (et seq.)
||and the following (masc./fem. plural)
||Also et sequentia ('and the following things': neut.), abbreviations: et seqq., et seq., or sqq. Commonly used in legal citations to refer to statutes spread over several sequential sections of a code of statutes (e.g. National Labor Relations Act, 29 U.S.C. § 159 et seq.; New Jersey Prevention of Domestic Violence Act, N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:25-17 et seq.).
|et cum spiritu tuo
||And with your spirit
||A phrase from the Sursum corda of Christian liturgy.
|et suppositio nil ponit in esse
||and a supposition puts nothing in being
||More typically translated as "Sayin' it don't make it so".
|et tu, Brute?
||And you, Brutus?
||Also "Even you, Brutus?" or "You too, Brutus?" Used to indicate a betrayal by someone close. From Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, based on the traditional dying words of Julius Caesar. However, these were almost certainly not Caesar's true last words; Plutarch quotes Caesar as saying, in Greek, the language of Rome's elite at the time, καὶ σὺ τέκνον; (Kaì sù téknon?), in English "You too, (my) child?", quoting from Menander.
|et uxor (et ux.)
||A legal term.
||A legal term.
|Etiam si omnes, ego non
||Even if all others... I will never
||Peter to Jesus Christ (from Vulgate Matthew 26:33; New King James Version: Matthew 26:33).
|etsi deus non daretur
||even if God were not a given
||Sentence synthesizing a famous concept of Grotius (1625).
|ex abundanti cautela
||out of an abundance of caution
||In law, describes someone taking precautions against a very remote contingency. "One might wear a belt in addition to braces ex abundanti cautela". In banking, a loan in which the collateral is more than the loan itself. Also the basis for the term "an abundance of caution" employed by United States President Barack Obama to explain why his oath of office had to be re-administered by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court John Roberts and again in reference to terrorist threats.
|ex abundantia enim cordis os loquitur
||For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh.
||From the Gospel according to St. Matthew, XII.xxxiv (Vulgate), 12.34 (Douay-Rheims) and the Gospel according to St. Luke, VI.xlv (Vulgate), 6.45 (Douay-Rheims). Sometimes rendered without enim ('for').
||from the equal
||"On equal footing", i.e., "in a tie". Used for those two (seldom more) participants of a competition, that showed exactly the same performance.
|ex Africa semper aliquid novi
||"(There's) always something new (coming) out of Africa"
||Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia 8.42 (unde etiam vulgare Graeciae dictum semper aliquid novi Africam adferre), a translation of the Greek «Ἀεὶ Λιβύη φέρει τι καινόν».
|Ex amicitia pax
||Peace though friendship
||Often seen on internal diplomatic event invitations. Motto sometimes found on flags and mission plaques Diplomatic corps
||from the soul
||"Beforehand", "before the event". Based on prior assumptions. A forecast.
|ex astris scientia
||From the Stars, Knowledge
||The motto of the fictional Starfleet Academy on Star Trek. Adapted from ex luna scientia, which in turn was modeled after ex scientia tridens.
||from the chair
||A phrase applied to the declarations or promulgations of the Pope when, in communion with the college of cardinals, preserved from the possibility of error by the action of the Holy Spirit (see Papal infallibility), he solemnly declares or promulgates ("from the chair" that was the ancient symbol of the teacher and of the governor, in this case of the church) a dogmatic teaching on faith or morals as being contained in divine revelation, or at least being intimately connected to divine revelation. Used, by extension, of anyone who is perceived as speaking as though with supreme authority.
|ex cultu robur
||from culture [comes] strength
||The motto of Cranleigh School, Surrey.
|ex dolo malo
||"From harmful deceit"; dolus malus is the Latin legal term for "fraud". The full legal phrase is ex dolo malo non oritur actio ("an action does not arise from fraud"). When an action has its origin in fraud or deceit, it cannot be supported; thus, a court of law will not assist a man who bases his course of action on an immoral or illegal act.
||from the face
||Idiomatically rendered "on the face of it". A legal term typically used to note that a document's explicit terms are defective without further investigation.
|ex fide fiducia
||from faith [comes] confidence
||Motto of St George's College, Harare and Hartmann House Preparatory School
|ex fide fortis
||from faith [comes] strength
||Motto of Loyola School (New York City)
|ex glande quercus
||from the acorn the oak
||Motto of the Municipal Borough of Southgate, London
||More literally "from grace". Refers to someone voluntarily performing an act purely out of kindness, as opposed to for personal gain or from being forced to do it. In law, an ex gratia payment is one made without recognizing any liability or legal obligation.
||from the hypothesis
||Thus, "by hypothesis".
|ex infra (e.i.) cf. ex supra
||Recent academic notation for "from below in this writing"
||from that which helps
||The medical pitfall in which response to a therapeutic regimen substitutes proper diagnosis.
||from the law
||from the books
||Precedes a person's name, with the meaning of "from the library of..."; also a bookplate.
|ex luna scientia
||from the moon, knowledge
||The motto of the Apollo 13 moon mission, derived from ex scientia tridens, the motto of Jim Lovell's Alma Mater, the United States Naval Academy.
|ex malo bonum
||good out of evil
||From St. Augustine's "Sermon LXI" where he contradicts Seneca's dictum in Epistulae 87:22: bonum ex malo non fit (good does not come from evil). Also the alias of the Anberlin song, "Miserabile Visu" from their album New Surrender.
|ex mea sententia
||in my opinion
|ex mero motu
||out of mere impulse, or of one's own accord.
|ex nihilo nihil fit
||nothing comes from nothing
||From Lucretius, and said earlier by Empedocles. Its original meaning is "work is required to succeed", but its modern meaning is a more general "everything has its origins in something" (cf. causality). It is commonly applied to the conservation laws in philosophy and modern science. Ex nihilo often used in conjunction with the term creation, as in creatio ex nihilo, meaning "creation out of nothing". It is often used in philosophy or theology in connection with the proposition that God created the universe from nothing. It is also mentioned in the final ad-lib of the Monty Python song Always Look on the Bright Side of Life.
||Said of something that has been built from scratch.
||The title of a short story by H. P. Lovecraft.
||from the office
||By virtue of office or position; "by right of office". Often used when someone holds one position by virtue of holding another: for example, the President of France is an ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra. A common misconception is that all ex officio members of a committee or congress may not vote – this may be the case, but it is not guaranteed by that title. In legal terms, ex officio refers to an administrative or judicial office taking action of its own accord, for example to invalidate a patent or prosecute copyright infringers.
|ex opere operantis
||from the work of the one working
||A theological phrase contrasted with ex opere operato, referring to the notion that the validity or promised benefit of a sacrament depends on the person administering it.
|ex opere operato
||from the work worked
||A theological phrase meaning that the act of receiving a sacrament actually confers the promised benefit, such as a baptism actually and literally cleansing one's sins. The Catholic Church affirms that the source of grace is God, not just the actions or disposition of the minister or the recipient of the sacrament.
|ex oriente lux
||light from the east
||Originally refers to the sun rising in the east, but alludes to culture coming from the Eastern world. Motto of several institutions.
||from a part
||A legal term that means "by one party" or "for one party". Thus, on behalf of one side or party only.
|ex pede Herculem
||from his foot, so Hercules
||From the measure of Hercules' foot you shall know his size; from a part, the whole.
||"Afterward", "after the event". Based on knowledge of the past. Measure of past performance.
|ex post facto
||from a thing done afterward
||Said of a law with retroactive effect.
||from one declaring [an art or science]
||Or 'with due competence'. Said of the person who perfectly knows his art or science. Also used to mean "expressly".
|ex rel. or ex relatio
||[arising] out of the relation/narration [of the relator]
||The term is a legal phrase; the legal citation guide called the Bluebook describes ex rel. as a "procedural phrase" and requires using it to abbreviate "on the relation of," "for the use of," "on behalf of," and similar expressions. An example of use is in court case titles such as Universal Health Services, Inc. v. United States ex rel. Escobar
|ex scientia tridens
||from knowledge, sea power.
||The United States Naval Academy motto. Refers to knowledge bringing men power over the sea comparable to that of the trident-bearing Greek god Poseidon.
|ex scientia vera
||from knowledge, truth
||The motto of the College of Graduate Studies at Middle Tennessee State University.
||In general, the claim that the absence of something demonstrates the proof of a proposition. An argumentum ex silentio ("argument from silence") is an argument based on the assumption that someone's silence on a matter suggests ("proves" when a logical fallacy) that person's ignorance of the matter or their inability to counterargue validly.
||out of position
||opposite of "in situ"
|ex supra (e.s.) cf. ex infra
||Recent academic notation for "from above in this writing".
||from [this moment of] time
||"This instant", "right away" or "immediately". Also written extempore.
|Ex turpi causa non oritur actio
||From a dishonorable cause an action does not arise
||A legal doctrine which states that a claimant will be unable to pursue a cause of action, if it arises in connection with his own illegal act. Particularly relevant in the law of contract, tort and trusts.
|ex umbra in solem
||from the shadow into the light
||Motto of Federico Santa María Technical University.
||from the waves [of the sea]
||motto in the coat of arms of Eemsmond
|Ex Unitate Vires
||union is strength, or unity is strength
||motto of South Africa.
|ex vi termini
||from the force of the term
||Thus, "by definition".
|ex vita discedo, tanquam ex hospitio, non tanquam ex domo
||I depart from life as from an inn, not as from home
||Cicero, Cato Maior de Senectute (On Old Age) 23
||out of or from life
||Used in reference to the study or assay of living tissue in an artificial environment outside the living organism.
||from the vow
||Thus, in accordance with a promise. An ex voto is also an offering made in fulfillment of a vow.
|ex vulgus scientia
||from crowd, knowledge
||used to describe social computing, The Wisdom of Crowds
||"Ever upward!" The state motto of New York. Also a catchphrase used by Marvel Comics head Stan Lee.
|exceptio firmat (or probat) regulam in casibus non exceptis
||The exception confirms the rule in cases which are not excepted
||A juridical principle which means that the statement of a rule's exception (e.g., "no parking on Sundays") implicitly confirms the rule (i.e., that parking is allowed Monday through Saturday). Often mistranslated as "the exception that proves the rule".
|excusatio non petita accusatio manifesta
||an excuse that has not been sought [is] an obvious accusation
||More loosely, "he who excuses himself, accuses himself"—an unprovoked excuse is a sign of guilt. In French, qui s'excuse, s'accuse.
||s/he may go out
||A formal leave of absence.
|exegi monumentum aere perennius
||I have reared a monument more enduring than bronze
||Horace, Carmina III:XXX:I
|exempli gratia (e.g. (US English); eg (UK English))
||for the sake of example, for example
||Usually read out in English as "for example" (see citation signal and compare how the ampersand is read out as "and"). Often confused with id est (i.e.). Exempli gratiā, "for example", is usually abbreviated "e.g." (less commonly, ex. gr.); in this usage it is sometimes followed by a comma, depending on style.
|exercitus sine duce corpus est sine spiritu
||an army without a leader is a body without a spirit
||On a plaque at the former military staff building of the Swedish Armed Forces.
||Third-person plural present active indicative of the Latin verb exire; also seen in exeunt omnes, "all leave"; singular: exit.
||This term has been used in dermatopathology to express that there is no substitute for experience in dealing with all the numerous variations that may occur with skin conditions. The term has also been used in gastroenterology. It is also the motto of San Francisco State University.
||experiment of the cross
||Or "crucial experiment". A decisive test of a scientific theory.
||trust the expert
||Literally "believe one who has had experience". An author's aside to the reader.
|expressio unius est exclusio alterius
||the expression of the one is the exclusion of the other
||"Mentioning one thing may exclude another thing". A principle of legal statutory interpretation: the explicit presence of a thing implies intention to exclude others; e.g., a reference in the Poor Relief Act 1601 to "lands, houses, tithes and coal mines" was held to exclude mines other than coal mines. Sometimes expressed as expressum facit cessare tacitum (broadly, "the expression of one thing excludes the implication of something else").
||[placed] outside of the house
||Refers to a possible result of Catholic ecclesiastical legal proceedings when the culprit is removed from being part of a group like a monastery.
|extra Ecclesiam nulla salus
||outside the Church [there is] no salvation
||This expression comes from the Epistle to Jubaianus, paragraph 21, written by Saint Cyprian of Carthage, a bishop of the third century. It is often used to summarise the doctrine that the Catholic Church is absolutely necessary for salvation.
||outside, all [of you]
||It is issued by the Master of the Papal Liturgical Celebrations before a session of the Papal conclave which will elect a new Pope. When spoken, all those who are not Cardinals, or those otherwise mandated to be present at the Conclave, must leave the Sistine Chapel.
|extra territorium jus dicenti impune non paretur
||he who administers justice outside of his territory is disobeyed with impunity
||Refers to extraterritorial jurisdiction. Often cited in law of the sea cases on the high seas.