"la mère Brazier"
June 12, 1895|
La Tranclière, Ain, France
March 2, 1977 (aged 81)|
|Home town||La Tranclière, Ain, France|
|Children||Gaston Brazier (son) (1914–1974)|
|Cooking style||Lyonnaise cuisine|
Eugénie Brazier, known as "la mère Brazier" (12 June 1895 – 2 March 1977) was a French chef who, in 1933, became the first woman to earn three Michelin stars. Born in La Tranclière, she opened her first restaurant, La Mère Brazier, in 1921, obtaining help from the food critic Curnonsky. Brazier developed Lyonnaise cuisine, a tradition with which Paul Bocuse later found a worldwide success. Brazier was also the first person to attain three Michelin stars at two restaurants: La Mère Brazier on Rue Royale, one of the main streets of Lyon, and a second, in the Alpine foothills at Col de la Luère. This was unmatched for 36 years.
Her cooking was renowned, attracting clientele including Charles de Gaulle, Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, and Marlene Dietrich, who loved her Langouste Belle Aurore, a whole sweet lobster drenched in brandy and cream. Her New York Times obituary said she was a friend of Prime Minister Édouard Herriot.
She founded the current line of top chefs in Lyon, including her student Paul Bocuse. She died in Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon.
She was recognised by a Google Doodle on 12 June 2018, the 123rd anniversary of her birth.
Eugénie Brazier Prizes
Several annual prizes are awarded in her honor. The Grand Prize recognises a cookbook written by a woman, or about women's cooking. The "Prix du Roman et Essai Gourmand" recognises essays or novels. Another prize celebrates illustrators or photographers. One focuses on la Francophonie. In 2012, the members of the jury were Paul Bocuse, Marc Lambron (writer and president of the jury), Danièle Mazet-Delpeuch (chef at l'Élysée from 1988 to 1990), Jacotte Brazier, Reine Sammut (head chef at Auberge La Fenière, in Lourmarin), Françoise Monnet (Le Progrès de Lyon) and Valérie Bouvart (of the magazine Régal).
- "Who was Eugenie Brazier?". The Week. Retrieved 2018-06-16.
- "Histoire de la gastronomie 2/4". franceculture.fr. Radio France. Archived from the original on 5 June 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
- Gaudry, François-Régis. "Paul Bocuse: derniers secrets du "pape" de la gastronomie française". lexpress.fr. Groupe Express-Roularta. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
- Baker, Katie (26 March 2014). "The Queen of the French Kitchen".
- "Eugenie Brazier Dies in France; Chef Put Emphasis on Simplicity". Retrieved 12 June 2018.
- "Grand Prix Eugénie Brazier". www.prix-litteraires.net. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
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- "Prix Eugénie Brazier - Prix du Roman et Essai Gourmand". www.prix-litteraires.net. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
- "Prix Eugénie Brazier - Prix de l'Iconographie". www.prix-litteraires.net. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
- "Prix Eugénie Brazier - Prix Francophonie". www.prix-litteraires.net. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
- Jean-François Mesplède, Les Recettes des Grands-Mères remportent le Grand prix Eugénie Brazier L'Hotellerie Restauration, 20 November 2012