FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives
The FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives is a most wanted list maintained by the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). The list arose from a conversation held in late 1949 between J. Edgar Hoover, Director of the FBI, and William Kinsey Hutchinson, International News Service (the predecessor of the United Press International) editor-in-chief, who were discussing ways to promote capture of the FBI's "toughest guys". This discussion turned into a published article, which received so much positive publicity that on March 14, 1950, the FBI officially announced the list to increase law enforcement's ability to capture dangerous fugitives.
Individuals are generally only removed from the list if the fugitive is captured, dies, or if the charges against them are dropped; they are then replaced by a new entry selected by the FBI. In six cases, the FBI removed individuals from the list after deciding that they were no longer a "particularly dangerous menace to society". Machetero member Víctor Manuel Gerena, added to the list in 1984, has been on the list longer than anyone, at 32 years. Billie Austin Bryant spent the shortest amount of time on the list, being listed for two hours in 1969. The oldest person to be added to the list was William Bradford Bishop on April 10, 2014 at 77 years old. On rare occasions, the FBI will add a "Number Eleven" if that individual is extremely dangerous but the Bureau does not feel any of the current ten should be removed. Despite occasional references in the media, the FBI does not rank their list; no suspect is considered "#1 on the FBI's Most Wanted List" or "The Most Wanted." 
The list is commonly posted in public places such as post offices. In some cases, fugitives on the list have turned themselves in on becoming aware of their listing. As of December 4, 2014, 504 fugitives have been listed, eight of them women, and 473 (94%) captured or located, 155 (31%) of them due to public assistance. On May 19, 1996, Leslie Isben Rogge became the first person on the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list to be apprehended due to the internet. The FBI maintains other lists of individuals, including the Most Wanted Terrorists, along with crime alerts, missing persons, and other fugitive lists.
On June 17, 2013, the list reached the milestone of 500 fugitives.
The Criminal Investigative Division (CID) at FBI Headquarters calls upon all 56 Field Offices to submit candidates for the FBI's "Ten Most Wanted Fugitives" list. The nominees received are reviewed by Special Agents in the CID and the Office of Public Affairs. The selection of the "proposed" candidate(s) is forwarded to the Assistant Director of the CID for his/her approval and then to the FBI's Director for final approval. This process takes some time which is why James Joseph "Whitey" Bulger, Jr., who was arrested in Santa Monica, California on June 22, 2011, remained on the list until May 9, 2012 despite no longer being at large, and Osama bin Laden remained on the list for almost a year after his death at the hands of U.S. forces on May 2, 2011.
List as of July 2, 2016
Rewards are offered for information leading to capture of fugitives on the list; the reward is $100,000 for all fugitives, with the exceptions of Jason Derek Brown and Víctor Manuel Gerena, which are $200,000 and $1,000,000 respectively.
Eight of the ten still at large are believed – or known – to be living outside the United States.
|Photo||Name||Date added||Sequence number||Comments|
|Víctor Manuel Gerena||May 14, 1984||386||Gerena is wanted in connection with the armed robbery of approximately $7 million from a security company in West Hartford, Connecticut, in 1983. He allegedly took two security employees hostage at gunpoint and handcuffed, bound, and injected them with an unknown, non-lethal substance to disable them further. The FBI is offering a reward of up to $1,000,000 for information leading to Gerena's capture. He is believed to be in Cuba.|
|Robert William Fisher||June 29, 2002||475||Fisher is wanted for murder of his wife Mary and their two children Robert, Jr. and Brittney and then blowing up the house in which they all lived in Scottsdale, Arizona, in April 2001. Investigators believe that Robert Fisher murdered his family because he felt threatened by his wife's intent to divorce.|
|Alexis Flores||June 2, 2007||487||Flores is wanted for the kidnapping, rape and murder of five-year-old Iriana DeJesus in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in July 2000. He was deported to his native Honduras in 2005 after serving a prison term for forgery in Arizona. He was added to the list after deportation when his DNA was matched to the DeJesus crime.|
|Jason Derek Brown||December 8, 2007||489||Brown is wanted for murder and armed robbery in Phoenix, Arizona. Authorities say that in November 2004, Brown allegedly shot and killed an armored car guard outside a movie theater and fled on a bicycle with $56,000 in a duffel bag. The FBI is offering a reward of up to $200,000 for information leading to Brown's capture. Authorities believe that he may have fled the country and could be living in France or Thailand.|
|Eduardo "Tablas" Ravelo||October 21, 2009||493||Ravelo is wanted for his alleged involvement in racketeering activities, conspiracy to launder monetary instruments, and conspiracy to possess heroin, cocaine and marijuana with the intent to distribute. His alleged criminal activities began in 2003. Ravelo is believed to be hiding with his wife and children in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico.|
|Fidel Urbina (captured)||June 5, 2012||497||Urbina is wanted for allegedly beating and raping a woman in March 1998. While out on bond, he also allegedly beat, raped and strangled a second woman to death in October 1998. Her body was later found in the trunk of a vehicle that had been burned. Both crimes occurred in Chicago, Illinois. Urbina was captured on September 22, 2016 in a tiny hamlet named “El Polvo”, located in a remote part of the Mexican state of Chihuahua.|
|William Bradford Bishop, Jr.||April 10, 2014||502||Bishop is wanted for killing his mother, wife and three children in 1976 at his home in Bethesda, Maryland. It is believed that following the murders, he drove to Columbia, North Carolina to dispose of the bodies and ditched his car at the Great Smoky Mountains National Park in Tennessee and disappeared. Bishop is believed to be hiding in plain sight in Europe or somewhere in the United States.|
|Yaser Abdel Said||December 4, 2014||504||Yaser Said is wanted for the double murders of his two daughters in Irving, Texas. The crime occurred on January 1, 2008. The FBI is offering a $100,000 reward for any information that leads to Said's capture.|
|Luis Macedo||May 19, 2016||508||Macedo, a member of the Latin Kings gang in Chicago is wanted in the murder of a 15-year-old boy in Chicago on May 1, 2009. The boy was supposedly murdered because he did not give a gang sign. The boy's body was set on fire, allegedly by his fellow Latin Kings members. Macedo supposedly ordered the attack.|
|Shanika S. Minor (captured)||June 28, 2016||509||Minor was wanted in the March 6, 2016 shooting death of her mother's pregnant neighbor in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. According to law enforcement officials, Minor shot the victim because she was playing music too loud. She was captured in Fayetteville, North Carolina on July 1, 2016 |
- Former FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives
- FBI Most Wanted Terrorists
- List of Mexico's 37 most-wanted drug lords
- Specially Designated Global Terrorist
- The World's 10 Most Wanted, a list published by Forbes
- U.S. Marshals 15 Most Wanted Fugitives
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- "Flores' FBI Top 10 Most Wanted Fugitive Alert". FBI. Retrieved 2007-07-02.
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- The Nation April 4, 2013 1:00 am (2013-04-04). "Tarit: Thailand is region's No 1 terror target – The Nation". Nationmultimedia.com. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
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- "Woman added this week to FBI's 'most wanted' list arrested in North Carolina". Retrieved 2016-07-02.
Media related to FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives at Wikimedia Commons