FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives
The FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives is a most wanted list maintained by the United States's Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). The list arose from a conversation held in late 1949 between J. Edgar Hoover, Director of the FBI, and William Kinsey Hutchinson, International News Service (the predecessor of the United Press International) editor-in-chief, who were discussing ways to promote capture of the FBI's "toughest guys". This discussion turned into a published article, which received so much positive publicity that on March 14, 1950, the FBI officially announced the list to increase law enforcement's ability to capture dangerous fugitives. The first person added to the list was Thomas J. Holden, a robber and member of the Holden–Keating Gang on the day of the list's inception.
Individuals are generally only removed from the list if they are captured, die, or if the charges against them are dropped; they are then replaced by a new entry selected by the FBI. In eleven cases, the FBI removed individuals from the list after deciding that they were no longer a "particularly dangerous menace to society". Machetero member Víctor Manuel Gerena, added to the list in 1984, was on the list for 32 years, which was longer than anyone else. Billie Austin Bryant spent the shortest amount of time on the list, being listed for two hours in 1969. The oldest person to be added to the list was Eugene Palmer on May 29, 2019, at 80 years old. On rare occasions, the FBI will add a "Number Eleven" if that individual is extremely dangerous but the Bureau does not feel any of the current ten should be removed. Despite occasional references in the media, the FBI does not rank their list; no suspect is considered "#1 on the FBI's Most Wanted List" or "The Most Wanted".
The list is commonly posted in public places such as post offices. In many cases, fugitives on the list have turned themselves in on becoming aware of their listing. On May 18, 1996, after surrendering at the U.S. embassy in Guatemala City, Leslie Isben Rogge became the first person on the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list to be apprehended due to the Internet. The FBI maintains other lists of individuals, including the FBI Most Wanted Terrorists, along with crime alerts, missing persons, and other fugitive lists.
On June 17, 2013, the list reached a cumulative total of 500 fugitives having been listed. As of December 8, 2021, 526 fugitives had been listed, ten of them women, and 490 of them were captured or located (94%), 162 (31%) of them due to public assistance.
The Criminal Investigative Division (CID) at FBI Headquarters calls upon all 56 Field Offices to submit candidates for the FBI's "Ten Most Wanted Fugitives" list. The nominees received are reviewed by special agents in the CID and the Office of Public Affairs. The selection of the "proposed" candidate(s) is forwarded to the Assistant Director of the CID for his/her approval and then to the FBI's Director for final approval. This process takes some time, which is why James Joseph "Whitey" Bulger Jr., who was arrested in Santa Monica, California on June 22, 2011, remained on the list until May 9, 2012, despite no longer being at large. Osama bin Laden similarly remained on the list for almost a year after his death at the hands of U.S. forces on May 2, 2011.
Rewards are offered for information leading to capture of fugitives on the list; the reward is a minimum of $100,000 for all fugitives, currently exceeded in the cases of Jason Derek Brown at $200,000, Jose Rodolfo Villarreal-Hernandez at $1,000,000, and Rafael Caro Quintero at $20,000,000.
|Alexis Flores||June 2, 2007||487||Flores is wanted for the kidnapping, rape and murder of five-year-old Iriana DeJesus in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in July 2000. He was deported to his native Honduras in 2005 after serving a prison term for forgery in Arizona. He was added to the list after deportation when his DNA was matched to the DeJesus crime.|
|Jason Derek Brown||December 8, 2007||489||Brown is wanted for murder and armed robbery in Phoenix, Arizona. Authorities allege that in November 2004, he shot and killed an armored car guard outside a movie theatre and fled on a bicycle with $56,000 in a duffel bag. The FBI is offering a reward of up to $200,000 for information leading to his capture. Authorities believe he may have fled the country and could be living in France or Thailand.|
|Bhadreshkumar Chetanbhai Patel||April 18, 2017||514||Patel, an Indian national, allegedly stabbed and killed his wife in a doughnut shop in Hanover, Maryland on April 12, 2015. He was last seen taking a shuttle to Pennsylvania Station in Newark. According to authorities, he has connections to Canada, India, New Jersey, Kentucky, Georgia, and Illinois.|
|Alejandro Castillo||October 24, 2017||516||Castillo is wanted in connection with the August 2016 murder of a 23-year-old woman, Truc Quan “Sandy” Ly Le, whom he had previously dated. The two became acquainted while working together in a Charlotte restaurant.|
|Rafael Caro Quintero||April 12, 2018||518||Caro Quintero, a former Mexican cartel leader, is wanted for his role in the kidnapping and murder of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) agent Enrique Camarena Salazar, his pilot Alfredo Zavala Avelar, American writer John Clay Walker and dentistry student Alberto Radelat in 1985. He spent 28 years in jail in Mexico before being released in 2013; a new arrest warrant was issued shortly after his release. A reward of $20,000,000 is offered for information leading to his capture, the highest such reward currently offered.|
|Arnoldo Jimenez||May 8, 2019||522||Jimenez is wanted for the murder of his wife on May 12, 2012. Jimenez allegedly stabbed his wife to death just hours after their wedding. Her body was found in a bathtub at her apartment in Burbank, Illinois.|
|Eugene Palmer||May 29, 2019||523||Palmer is wanted for the murder of his daughter-in-law on September 24, 2012, in Stony Point, New York.|
|Jose Rodolfo Villarreal-Hernandez||October 13, 2020||524||Villarreal-Hernandez is wanted for directing individuals to track and murder a man in Southlake, Texas, in May 2013. A reward of up to $1,000,000 is offered for information leading to his capture.|
|Octaviano Juarez-Corro||September 8, 2021||525||Juarez-Corro is wanted for allegedly killing two people and wounding three others after opening fire at a park in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in May 2006.|
|Yulan Adonay Archaga Carias||November 3, 2021||526||Archaga Carias is charged federally in the Southern District of New York with racketeering conspiracy, cocaine importation conspiracy, and possession and conspiracy to possess machine guns. As the alleged leader of MS-13 for all of Honduras, Archaga Carias allegedly controlled MS-13 criminal activity in Honduras and provided support and resources to the MS-13 enterprise in Central America and the United States with firearms, narcotics, and cash. Archaga Carias is also allegedly responsible for supporting multi-ton loads of cocaine through Honduras to the United States and for ordering and participating in murders of rival gang members and others associated with MS-13.|
- Former FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives
- FBI Most Wanted Terrorists
- List of Mexico's 37 most-wanted drug lords
- Specially Designated Global Terrorist
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- "Alexis Flores". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Archived from the original on June 29, 2007. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
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- The Nation (April 4, 2013). "Tarit: Thailand is region's No 1 terror target – The Nation". Nationmultimedia.com. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- "Bhadreshkumar Chetanbhai Patel". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
- Bui, Lynh (April 18, 2017). "Latest on FBI's most wanted list: Man accused of killing wife in Md. doughnut shop". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
- "New Top Ten Fugitive". Federal Bureau of Investigation. April 18, 2017. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
- "New Top Ten Fugitive". Federal Bureau of Investigation. October 24, 2017.
- "New Top Ten Fugitive". Federal Bureau of Investigation. April 12, 2018.
- "Arnoldo Jimenez Added to Ten Most Wanted Fugitives List". Federal Bureau of Investigation. May 8, 2019.
- "Eugene Palmer Added to Ten Most Wanted Fugitives List". Federal Bureau of Investigation. May 28, 2019. Retrieved May 30, 2019.
- "Jose Rodolfo Villarreal-Hernandez Added to Ten Most Wanted Fugitives List". Federal Bureau of Investigation. October 13, 2020. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
- "Octaviano Juarez-Corro Added to FBI's Ten Most Wanted Fugitives List". Federal Bureau of Investigation. September 8, 2021. Retrieved September 9, 2021.
- "Alleged MS-13 Leader Added to FBI's Ten Most Wanted Fugitives List". Federal Bureau of Investigation. November 3, 2021. Retrieved November 4, 2021.
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