The historic Fairfield Inn
Location in Pennsylvania
Map showing Adams County in Pennsylvania
|• Type||Borough Council|
|• Mayor||Robert R. Stanley|
|• Total||0.7 sq mi (2 km2)|
|Elevation||597 ft (182 m)|
|• Density||708.2/sq mi (273.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
During the Gettysburg Campaign in the American Civil War, the Battle of Fairfield played an important role in securing the Fairfield pass and the Hagerstown Road, enabling Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia to retreat through Fairfield towards the Potomac River. The actual fighting near Fairfield was between elements of the 6th United States Cavalry under Major Samuel Starr, and elements of General "Grumble" Jones' Brigade of Virginia Cavalry. The Union casualties were treated in the town of Fairfield, specifically in the homes of Mrs. Sarah Amanda Blythe, Rufus Christian Swope, and in what is now St. John's Lutheran Church. For more information on the town of Fairfield, see Fairfield In the Civil War, by Sarah Sites Thomas, Tim Smith, Gary Kross, and Dean S. Thomas. The Fairfield Historic District and Fairfield Inn are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Fairfield is located at (39.787260, -77.369399).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 486 people, 232 households, and 139 families residing in the borough. The population density was 708.2 people per square mile (272.0/km²). There were 245 housing units at an average density of 357.0 per square mile (137.1/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 98.35% White, 0.62% Asian, 0.41% from other races, and 0.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.62% of the population.
There were 232 households out of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.7% were non-families. 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.67.
In the borough the population was spread out with 20.8% under the age of 18, 3.7% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 23.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 86.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.2 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $31,053, and the median income for a family was $39,219. Males had a median income of $28,750 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $17,243. About 0.7% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.
The Borough of Fairfield is governed by a locally elected, seven member Borough Council (4 year term) and a Mayor. Robert Stanley is the current mayor. Locally elected tax collector - Tracey Paul (2014). The borough offices at located at 108 West Main Street.
- County level
- (General Assembly)
Three, elected at large, County Commissioners. In 2014, they are: Randy Phiel, Chairman; Jim Martin, Vice Chairman; and Marty Karsteter Qually.
- State level
- Dan Moul - State Representative, Pennsylvania House of Representatives, District 91
- Richard Alloway - State Senator, Pennsylvania Senate, District 33
- Federal level
- Scott Perry, Republican, Pennsylvania's 4th congressional district in 2013 after redistricting.
- Pat Toomey, US Senator
- Bob Casey, Jr., US Senator
The Mid-Atlantic Soaring Center Airport is located 2 miles from Fairfield. It has two 2,700 foot asphalt runways.
Residents of Fairfield may attend the local, public schools operated by Fairfield Area School District which provides full day kindergarten through 12th grade. In 2013, the Fairfield Area School District's enrollment had declined to just 1,117 students in kindergarten through 12th grade. In 2013, the Pittsburgh Business Times ranked Fairfield Area School District 303rd out of 498 public schools for academic achievement of its pupils. In 2012, Fairfield Area School District achieved Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP), even though the Fairfield Area High School was in Warning AYP status, due to lagging student achievement, especially in reading.
Fairfield residents may also choose between two local public charter schools:Vida Charter School and Gettysburg Montessori Charter School. In Pennsylvania, residents may attend public charter schools at no cost to the parents. The tuition is paid by their public school system. By Commonwealth law, if the public school district provides transportation for its own students, then the district must also provide transportation to any school that lies within 10 miles of its borders, as well as, all schools within its borders.
Vida Charter School is a public school located in the Eisenhower Center, 120 E. Broadway, Gettysburg. Vida Charter School offers full day kindergarten through 6th grade. In 2013, Vida Charter School achieved a score 81.1 of out of 100 for student achievement.  According to the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 2,181 public schools (less than 73 percent of Pennsylvania public schools), achieved an academic score of 70 or higher. In 2012, Vida Charter School achieved Adequate yearly Progress (AYP).
Children residing in Fairfield may also attend Gettysburg Montessori Charter School which offers full day Kindergarten through 6th grade. This public charter school operates at 120 E Broadway, Gettysburg. The Gettysburg Montessori Charter School achieved AYP in both 2011 and 2012. In 2013, Gettysburg Montessori Charter School achieved a score of 64 out of 100. The score reflects on grade level: reading, science, writing and mathematics achievement.
School aged children in Fairfield may also apply to attend any of the Commonwealth's 14 public cyber charter schools (in 2013) at no additional cost to the parents. The resident’s public school district is required to pay the charter school and cyber charter school tuition for residents who attend these public schools. Fairfield residents may also seek admission for their school aged child to any other public school district. When accepted for admission, the student's parents are responsible for paying an annual tuition fee set by the Pennsylvania Department of Education. In 2012, the tuition fees for Fairfield Area School District were: Elementary School - $9,208.47, High School - $9,232.05.
High school aged students in Fairfield can attend the taxpayer funded Adams County Tech Prep  for training in the building trades, the culinary arts, Diesel Mechanics, allied health including Emergency Medical Technician certification and other areas. The school is located on the Gettysburg Area High School campus at 1130 Old Harrisburg Road. Adams County Tech Prep is funded by a consortium of the school districts, which includes: Gettysburg Area School District, Littlestown Area School District, Fairfield Area School District, Conewago Valley School District and Bermudian Springs School District.
The Lincoln Intermediate Unit #12 provides a wide variety of services to children living in its region which includes the borough of Fairfield. Early screening, special educations services, speech and hearing therapy, Head Start preschool classes and many other services like driver education are available. Services for children during the preschool years are provided without cost to their families when the child is determined to meet eligibility requirements.
Libraries Community members have access to the Fairfield Area Library located at 31 Worts Drive; the Adams County Historical Society Library which is located on 111 Seminary Ridge, in Gettysburg; the Adams County Law Library located in the Court House, 117 Baltimore Street, Room 305 in Gettysburg and to the statewide PA Power Library  which is an online library funded with tax dollars from the state's education budget.
At Harrisburg Area Community College Gettysburg Campus, Fairfield borough residents have access to college courses at a discounted tuition rate for state residents. Fairfield Area School District is not a tax funding district of the College.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fairfield, Pennsylvania.|
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (October 4, 2013). "District Fast Facts Fairfield Area School District".
- Pittsburgh Business Times (April 5, 2013). "Guide to Pennsylvania Schools Statewide ranking 2013".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 21, 2012). "Fairfield Area School District AYP Overview 2012".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2013). "Pupil Transportation -Frequently Asked Questions".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (October 4, 2013). "Vida Charter School Academic Performance Data 2013".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, Vida Charter School AYP Overview 2012, September 21, 2012
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 21, 2012). "Gettysburg Montessori Charter School AYP Overview 2012".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (October 4, 2013). "Gettysburg Montessori Charter School, Academic Performance Data 2013".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2013). "Charter Schools".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2013). "What is a Charter School?".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (May 2012). "Pennsylvania Public School District Tuition Rates".
- Borough of Fairfield official website - Designed by Nathan Davis
- Fairfield Area School District
- Mid-Atlantic Soaring Center Airport