Fertilisers and Chemicals Travancore
The Fertilisers and Chemicals Travancore Limited (or FACT Ltd), a fertiliser and chemical manufacturing company in Kochi, Kerala, India, was incorporated in 1943, by Maharajah Sree Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma. In 1947 FACT started production of ammonium sulphate with an installed capacity of 50,000 MT per annum at Udyogamandal near Cochin. It is the first fertiliser manufacturing company in independent India and also the largest Central public Sector Undertaking (CPSU) in the State of Kerala. The company has 2 production units - Udyogamandal Complex (UC)at Eloor, Udyogamandal, and Cochin Division (CD)at Ambalamedu. The Caprolactam plant in Udyogamandal was commissioned in 1990. Main products of the company include Ammonium Phosphate-Sulphate (FACTAMFOS), Ammonium Sulphate, Zincated Ammonium Phosphate, Caprolactum, Sulphuric Acid, Ammonia and other complex fertilizers. Gypsum, nitric acid soda ash and coloured Ammonium Sulphate are major by-products.
The factory commenced production of ammonium sulphate in 1947 at the dawn of Indian independence using wood as the raw material for production of ammonia. With the effect of time, wood gasification became uneconomic and was replaced with naphtha reforming process.Through a series of expansion programmes, FACT soon became the producer of the widest range of fertilizers suited for all crops and all soil types in India.It became a Kerala State public sector enterprise in 1960 and in 1962,it came under the Government of India. Diversification to full-fledged engineering services(FEW)in the fertilizer field and allied areas followed. The next major step forward was the diversification of petrochemicals,an important milestone in the growth of the company. FACT has formed a Joint Venture Company with Rashtriya Chemicals & Fertilizers Limited for manufacturing load bearing panels and other building products using phosphogypsum.
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