Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles
|Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles|
|Developer(s)||The Game Designers Studio[a]|
Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles[b] is an action role-playing game developed by The Game Designers Studio and published for the GameCube by Nintendo in 2003 in Japan and 2004 in Western territories. A spin-off of the Final Fantasy series, Crystal Chronicles was the first title released for a Nintendo console since the schism between Nintendo and Square following the release of Final Fantasy VI in 1994. Players take on the role of adventurers who travel in a caravan gathering mystical fuel for crystals which protect the world's settlements from the destructive Miasma. The single-player campaign has the player escort the vessel carrying the crystal's energy, defending it from enemies and solving puzzles to progress. Multiplayer, which uses Game Boy Advance units connected using the console's link cable, has up to four players protecting the vessel.
Deciding to partner with Nintendo for game development following severe financial problems created by the failure of Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within, franchise creator Square formed the Game Designers Studio as a shell company for Square Product Development Division 2 to get around their exclusivity contract with Sony. The development team wanted to create an accessible and completely gameplay experience focusing on multiplayer. The music, written by Kumi Tanioka, made extensive use of medieval and Renaissance musical instruments. Upon release, the title was positively received by journalists, and was nominated for multiple awards. Reaching high sales positions in Japan and the West, it went on to sell over one million copies worldwide. Multiple Crystal Chronicles games were later produced for Nintendo consoles.
Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles is an action role-playing game where players take control of the Tipa Caravan, a group of adventurers who travel the world searching for rare trees which produce a special substance dubbed "myrrh" which fuel the crystals protecting the world's settlements from the poisonous Miasma. The game plays through a cycle of events; the caravanners set out from their village, travelling to the trees guarding the vessel which gathers the myrrh, exploring dungeons in which the trees reside, then return home to renew their village's protective crystal. Players choose their player character from four races; they can access two genders and four body types. Each race has specific strengths, such as the human-like Clavats having high defence and magic statistics and the nomadic Selkies being able to use special abilities with less cooldown time. Each character's attributes are further customised by choosing the profession of their family. Players navigate the world map with their Caravan, and enter town and dungeon environments encountered during the journey. In towns, the player can explore the environment and use the available facilities to create and upgrade both items and equipment using materials and blueprints gathered during their journey. The player can also encounter other caravans and travellers, triggering story events.
The main areas are dungeons which follow different environmental themes, such as a forest or abandoned mines. Progress through these areas relies on navigating the environment and solving puzzles. While exploring dungeons, players are confined to a safe zone created by the vessel, and within that zone fight enemies in a style similar to hack and slash games with actions assigned to command buttons. The player can chain together short combination attacks using equipped weapons to deal damage. The player can also use magic spells to inflict damage or status ailments. The elemental affinity of the player's attacks can be changed using special crystals found in dungeons. Certain elemental affinities are necessary for crossing into new zones otherwise blocked by streams of Miasma. Rather than raising a character's level using an experience point system, the player raises their attributes and statistics by completing preset challenges in each dungeon session. Depending on player performance, points are awarded which are used to raise attributes. Artifacts found in dungeons can also be used to raise attributes when equipped to characters. New items are both bought in shops and received as gifts from the player character's family.
In the game's single-player mode, the player controls a single character guarding the vessel from monster attacks while navigating the game's environments. The game's multiplayer allows up to four players to join in a local gameplay session; multiplayer relies on the GameCube console linking with the Game Boy Advance (GBA) link cable. All players are displayed on the screen, while their GBAs both control their characters and allow functions such as shopping in towns and performing battle functions. Character attributes are increased in the same way, except that the necessary points are given to the best player during that session. In battle, players can raise attack meters using standard attacks in succession, and combine individual spells to create more powerful version for higher damage. Multiplayer also unlocks an exclusive mini-game dubbed "Blaze's Caravans", a racing game played on the GBA. The link cable can also be used in single player, allowing the GBA to be used both as a controller and a second screen displaying radar information. The type of radar and what it shows is determined by the color the player's Moogle is painted during stays in towns and visits to the Tipa Caravan's hometown.
Setting and characters
Crystal Chronicles takes place in an unnamed fantasy world. The world is inhabited by four different races. These races are the friendly human-like Clavats, a peaceful group promoting unity; the stout Lilties, a proud warrior race; the slender Yukes, a mysterious race of sages; skilled in magic; and the Selkies, a rugged humanoid race many among the other tribes shun. The player takes control of a caravan hailing from the village of Tipa, in which members of the world's four races come together to help its mission. The player can choose from any of the four races, with male and female genders being available, each with four pre-set body types. The Tipa Caravan is accompanied by Mog, a member of the Final Fantasy series' recurring Moogle race.
In the distant past, the world was at peace under the benevolent light of the "Great Crystal". One day, a meteorite struck and fragmented the Crystal. The meteorite also carried a monster called the Meteor Parasite, which began spawning a poisonous vapour called the Miasma. The Miasma spread across the world and killed anyone it touched, but the peoples were saved by the protective magic of the Great Crystal's fragments; villages are protected by the smaller crystals, while large crystals preserve the cities. The crystals' energy could only be prolonged by gathering an energy called myrrh, harvested from magical trees once a year by special "crystal caravans" which protect a vessel for gathering the myrrh. One of these caravans is the Tipa Caravan, with its members hearing pieces of the legend as they travel search for the myrrh.
The Tipa Caravan sets out on its mission to gather myrrh for its crystal when its protective power begins to wane. As their journey continues over the course of eight years, the caravanners learn of the world's history from travellers and characters found in other settlements. They also learn of an illness spreading randomly that causes amnesia in its victims. The Tipa Caravan eventually reaches the home of the Carbuncles, an ancient race who hid from the world following the Great Crystal's destruction and their advice to its people to use the crystals' protection.
Hearing of the world's plight and the caravanners' efforts to help their home, the Carbuncles direct them to Mount Vellenge, the source of the Miasma. There they fight the Meteor Parasite to halt the flow of miasma once and for all. When the caravanners are about to strike the final blow, they are pulled into an alternate dimension: there they meet Mio, a girl-shaped being connected to peoples' memories; and Raem, her bird-shaped dark counterpart born from the violence sparked by the Miasma's advance. Mio and Raem were born when the Meteor Parasite arrived.
While both feed on memories to sustain themselves, the malevolent Raem has come to rely on the negative memories spawned by the Miasma, being responsible for the growing amnesia in the world's survivors. Raem attacks the Tipa Caravan, but he is defeated, prompting him to merge with Mio. Using their positive memories, the Tipa Caravan destroy the fused creature. Mio and Raem separate and fade away, with Mio telling the caravanners that she and Raem will rest for a while. The caravanners are sent back to Mount Vellenge, where they are finally able to kill the wounded Meteor Parasite, ridding the world of miasma and allowing the world's population to live in peace.
Crystal Chronicles was the first original Final Fantasy title to be developed for a Nintendo console since the release of Final Fantasy VI in 1994. Final Fantasy developer Square had broken with Nintendo to develop Final Fantasy VII for Sony's new PlayStation console, resulting in a long-standing enmity. In 2001, following the financial failure of the feature film Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within, Sony purchased a stake in the company amounting to 19% of shares. After considering their still-poor financial situation and wishing to keep their staff from leaving, Square decided to begin developing titles for Nintendo consoles once again. Sony, whose rivalry with Nintendo had softened with the appearance of Microsoft's Xbox on the console market, agreed to the partnership on the condition that it would not impact development of titles for the PlayStation 2. This resulted in the creation of The Game Designers Studio, a shell company for Square's Product Development Division 2 co-owned by Square and Akitoshi Kawazu, a staff member famous for his work on the SaGa series.
Development of the new project began in late 2001. The title was developed with the aid of Q Fund, a fund set up by Nintendo's Hiroshi Yamauchi to help first-time developers for the GameCube and GBA consoles. Kawazu acted as the game's producer. The director was Kazuhiko Aoki, a veteran of the Final Fantasy series who had worked on Final Fantasy IX. The artwork and character designs were created by Toshiyuki Itahana, who had also worked on Final Fantasy IX. During the game's development in 2003, Square underwent a merger with Enix to become Square Enix, though the nature of the merger meant operations at the Gamer Designers Studio continued as normal.
Similar to his SaGa games, Kawazu wanted to promote player freedom. The basic concept was to build a game around use of the link cable. Kawazu explained that using the GBA would "introduce different elements of gameplay". He later stated that this type of multiplayer meant "the entry was a bit high" for potential players. The battle system was initially going to use the series' recurring Active Time Battle system, but instead chose a purely action-based system to allow more people to enjoy the gameplay. Leveling based on experience points was also removed to create an level field for players. It was initially planned to include a human sidekick character, but upon considering its impact on multiplayer, they changed it to the current Moogle system.
While previous Final Fantasy games were driven by their narrative, Crystal Chronicles was driven by its gameplay; the narrative was instead communicated through basic storytelling and environmental narrative. Despite this shift, recurring elements from the Final Fantasy were included. The player character designs were intended to be highly distinctive, allowing players to differentiate each other during play sessions. When creating the graphics, the team created graphical effects they considered possible only on the GameCube, and constantly checked background designs throughout development. Due to the multitude of elements new to Final Fantasy being incorporated into Crystal Chronicles, the development team faced multiple difficulties.
The soundtrack to Crystal Chronicles was primarily composed by Kumi Tanioka, while music programmer and arranger Hidenori Iwasaki provided one additional piece of music. Prior to Crystal Chronicles, Tanioka had worked on the score of Final Fantasy XI. Tanioka has described the musical style for the soundtrack as being based on "ancient instruments". The soundtrack makes extensive use of many medieval and Renaissance musical instruments such as the recorder, the crumhorn and the lute, creating a distinctively rustic feel. Tanioka said that the idea came to her while looking at illustrations of the game world, which gave her the idea of making "world music", where the tracks would "not [be] limited to a single country or culture". She also credits Iwasaki with doing "fantastic technical work" that brought her vision to life. The game features two vocal themes; the opening theme "Kaze no Ne",[c] and the ending theme "Hoshizukiyo".[d] The Japanese versions are sung by Fujimoto Yae, while the English versions are sung by Donna Burke. Burke also provided narration for the English version of the game.
A soundtrack album was released under the Pony Canyon label on August 20, 2003. It included all of the music from the game with the exception of the English versions of "Kaze no Ne" and "Hoshizukiyo". Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles: A Musical Journey was a European promotional album which was given alongside the game on March 11, 2004 as a pre-order bonus. It contains six tracks from the soundtrack, including "Kaze No Ne" in both Japanese and English, the only time the English version has been released. It was published by Nintendo of Europe. "Kaze no Ne" was released as a single by Pony Canyon, featuring "Kaze No Ne", an arranged version, and two other songs by Yae from her album Blue Line. The single was released on July 30, 2003.
The game was officially announced at the Jump Festa event in Japan on December 21, 2002. A Western release was announced in April the following year. The game was among those shown by Square Enix at the 2003 Electronic Entertainment Expo, alongside a number of other titles including Final Fantasy XI and X-2, and other titles including Unlimited SaGa and Drakengard. Crystal Chronicles released in Japan on August 8, 2003, after being delayed twice. The game came packaged with a link cable for use in multiplayer. In North America, the game released the following year on February 9. In Europe, the game was released on March 12 of that year, while in Australia it released on March 19. The game was published worldwide by Nintendo.
Video game review aggregate site Metacritic gave the game a score of 80 out of 100 based on 55 reviews. The art design and music were given praise, but the story was considered lacking by several reviewers compared to other Final Fantasy games. The gameplay received praised for its implementation of multiplayer despite the hardware requirements and its detrimental effect on the single player campaign.
Japanese gaming magazine Famitsu praised the game's fairytale aesthetic and unconventional treatment of the RPG genre; journalists Shane Bettenhausen, Jennifer Tsao and Kevin Gifford Electronic Gaming Monthly each gave the game high praise for its innovation in gameplay and graphical style. Eurogamer's Rob Fahey gave the game a near-perfect score, noting the clear production values and calling it "one of the best action RPGs we've played in a long time"; his only major fault was the implementation of multiplayer and its potential problems.
Andrew Reiner—writing for Game Informer—was highly critical of the overall experience, calling the game "an experiment gone awry [...] unfit to bear the sacrosanct Final Fantasy name." A second opinion given by Adam Biessener supported this view, with Biessener feeling that the game did little to distinguish itself from other similar titles. GameSpot's Brad Shoemaker enjoyed the game despite faulting its high hardware demands for the full experience. Mary Jane Irwin of IGN also gave praised to its gameplay concepts and design, but noted a lack of replay value and the steep entry requirements for multiplayer.
The game received the Grand Prize at the 2003 Japan Media Arts Festival; it was given the award based on its multiplayer function and graphical achievements. During the 2004 National Academy of Video Game Trade Reviewers ceremony, the game was nominated for awards in the "Character Design", "Costume Design", "Game - Sequel RPG" and "Original Musical Score" categories. It was later nominated for the "Console Role Playing Game of the Year" award at the 2005 Academy of Interactive Arts & Sciences ceremony.
IGN ranked the game in 2003 prior to its Western release as second in a list of the best co-op video games; while noting that the game's unusual features and chosen platform caused confusion within the Final Fantasy fan base, its multiplayer promised a high quality experience of other elements could live up to it. Eurogamer's Rob Haines praised the game's approach to the inherent conflict between multiplayer gameplay and narrative, and despite its drawbacks called its multiplayer function " the most fully-featured implementation of Gamecube-Game Boy Advance connectivity ever created". Henry Gilbert of GamesRadar, as part of a 2017 article ranking the best Final Fantasy spin-off games, praised the game's multiplayer elements and return to Nintendo consoles despite its extensive hardware demands.
During its debut in Japan, Crystal Chronicles sold over 179,500 units, reaching second place in sales charts. During the next two weeks, it first dropped to third place then rose to second place again. By 2004, Crystal Chronicles had sold nearly 355,000 units, becoming the twenty-eighth best-selling game title of the year in Japan and boosting GameCube sales for August. Following its North American release, the game was the best-selling title of the month. In the United Kingdom, the game was the best-selling GameCube title of its week of release, a position it retained during the second week. As of October 2007, the game has shipped over 1.3 million copies worldwide.
|2003||Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles|
|2007||Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles: Ring of Fates|
|2008||Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles: My Life as a King|
|2009||Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles: My Life as a Darklord|
|Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles: Echoes of Time|
|Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles: The Crystal Bearers|
Crystal Chronicles was the only original game developed by the Game Designers Studio, which had become a subsidiary of Square Enix following the 2002 marger. The Game Designers Studio was eventually renamed SQEX Corporation in 2005. It was later merged with Taito in 2006 following Taito's aquisition by Square Enix, and eventually dissolved entirely during consolidation of Square Enix's arcade businesses in 2010.
Multiple Crystal Chronicles titles were later developed for Nintendo's later consoles, with Square Enix's aim being to make full use of Nintendo hardware while developing the Final Fantasy franchise. The first was Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles: Ring of Fates for the Nintendo DS (DS). Two further titles were Echoes of Time for the DS and Wii, and The Crystal Bearers for the Wii. Square Enix also developed two Crystal Chronicles titles for the Wii's WiiWare service; My Life as a King and its direct sequel My Life as a Darklord. All the Crystal Chronicles games share the same continuity, creating a narrative spanning two millennia.
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