Flag of Berlin

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Berlin
Flag of Berlin.svg
Name Landesflagge (state flag)
Use Civil flag and ensign
Proportion 3:5
Adopted 1954 (West); 1990 (Whole)
Design A tricolor of red-white-red, defaced with an emblem.
Flag of Berlin (state).svg
Variant flag of Berlin
Name Landesdienstflagge (state service flag)
Use State flag and ensign
Proportion 3:5
Adopted 1954 (West); 1990 (Whole)
Standard of senate of Berlin.svg
Variant flag of Berlin
Name Standard of the Berlin Senate
Use State flag
Proportion 1:1
Adopted 1990

The flag of Berlin has three stripes of red-white-red, the two outer stripes each occupying a fifth of its height, the middle the remaining three fifths. It is emblazoned with a bear on the civil flag, while it bears the coat of arms of Berlin on the state flag.

The civil flag of West Berlin was adopted on 26 May 1954. Designed by Ottfried Neubecker, it came in second in the contest of 1952, the winner being rejected by the Senate. The emblem of the bear is apparently a play on the city's name (bear in German being Bär). The bear is placed slightly off-center toward the left.

The state flag replaces the bear with the full coat of arms, with the bear inside the escutcheon. Being the state flag for West Berlin, it became the flag of the entire city after the reunification of Germany in 1990.[1] Prior to that, it had also been the naval ensign as no other existing flag could be used. The proportions of the flag are 3:5.[2]

Historical flags[edit]

Between 1618 and 1861 a bicolour of black over white was used as both a civil and state flag, under Brandenburg and successive Prussian rules.

Between 1861 and 1912, a horizontal tricolour of black, red and white was used in the proportions of 2:3. It was designed by Ernst Fidicin based in the Brandenburg colors following the coronation of Wilhelm I on 19 December 1861.

Between 1913 and 1954, the civil flag was similar to the current one, except the design of the bear was different. Until 1935, the emblem itself was not established.

From 1955 on, East Berlin had the addition of two white stripes taking the outside halves of the upper and lower red stripes, and a slightly different design for the bear inside an escutcheon, topped with a crown.[3] The East Berlin flag was therefore a slightly modified version of the old state flag, with the civil flag being deliberately avoided in East Berlin—and conversely, adopted as official in West Berlin—due to the bear in the civil flag being off-center to the left and facing left, strongly suggesting an orientation toward the West. The West Berlin flag was adopted for all of Berlin after 1990.

Flag of Berlin, 1618-1861 
Flag of Berlin, 1861-1912 
Flag of Berlin, 1913-1934 (Civil Flag, 1913-1954) 
State Flag of Berlin 1934-1954 
Flag of East Berlin, 1954-1990 
Flag of West Berlin, 1954-1990 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Birgit Laitenberger; Maria Bassier (2000), Wappen und Flaggen der Bundesrepublik Deutschland und ihrer Länder: Allgemeine Einführung (Coats-of-arms and flags of the Federal Republic of Germany and her states: General introduction in state symbols) (in German) 
  2. ^ State Chancellery (1954), Gesetz über die Hoheitszeichen des Landes Berlin vom 13. Mai 1954 (Law on the State Symbols of the State of Berlin of 13th May 1954) (in German) 
  3. ^ Klemens Stadler (1966), Deutsche Wappen. Bundesrepublik Deutschland: Die Gemeindewappen von Rheinland-Pfalz und Saarland, Bremen, Hamburg, Westberlin. (German Coats-of-Arms. Federal Republic of Germany: Municipal Coats-of-Arms of Rhineland-Palatinate, Saar, Bremen, Hamburg, West Berlin.) (in German)