Florida School for the Deaf and Blind

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Florida School for the Deaf and the Blind
Florida School for the Deaf and Blind.jpg
Address
207 North San Marco Avenue
St. Augustine, Florida 32084
United States
Coordinates29°54′50″N 81°18′56″W / 29.91387°N 81.31568°W / 29.91387; -81.31568Coordinates: 29°54′50″N 81°18′56″W / 29.91387°N 81.31568°W / 29.91387; -81.31568
Information
TypePublic
MottoDo More. Be More. Achieve More.
Established1885
PresidentJeanne Glidden Prickett
EnrollmentAverages around 600 enrolled in Pre-K through 12th grade and more than 400 enrolled in the Parent Infant Program
MascotDragons (Deaf Department) and Cobras (Blind Department)
LanguagesDeaf/Hard-of-Hearing students communicate through American Sign Language, the spoken English language, listening and written language. Blind/Visually-Impaired students benefit from Braille instruction and the latest assistive technology best suited for their visual impairment.
Website

The Florida School for the Deaf and the Blind is a state-supported boarding school for deaf and blind children[1] established in 1885, in St. Augustine, Florida, United States.

History[edit]

In 1882, Thomas Hines Coleman, a young deaf man, was preparing to graduate from Gallaudet University in Washington, D.C., the only college for the deaf in the world at that time. He had graduated from the South Carolina School for the Deaf and Blind and knew he wanted to make education for children his life's work.

Florida was one of the few states that had not made provision for the education of children who were deaf/hard of hearing or who had visual impairments. Coleman wrote Governor William D. Bloxham and he replied favorably toward the establishment of such a school. As their correspondence continued, the sum of $20,000 was reached as a minimum appropriation to start the school.[2]

In 1883, Florida´s legislature established an institution for the blind and deaf children for two years at $20,000. They requested bids from towns in the state for the location for the school. St. Augustine offered the best bid with $1,000 cash and 5 acres (20,000 m2) of land, the land donated by Captain Edward E. Vaill, a pioneer of the city. Contractor William A. MacDuff erected the original first three wooden buildings at $12,749; they were completed in December 1884.

The school opened in December, 1885 as The School for the Blind, Deaf and Dumb. Although the school had both black and white children in its early years, social opposition to racial integration was rampant, and the Florida Institute for the Blind, Deaf and Dumb, Colored Department was created in 1895.[3] By 1892, there were 62 students enrolled and the first graduation ceremony, for two white deaf students, Artemas W. Pope and Cora Carlton, was held in 1898. The first graduation for a white blind student, DeWitt Lightsey, was held in 1898 and the first graduation for a black blind student, Louise Jones, was in 1914. The first graduation for a black deaf student, Cary White, was in 1925.[4] The school was racially integrated in 1967 with the Florida School for the Deaf and the Blind.[3]

The school was under the direction of a five-member board of trustees until 1905. The Florida legislature established the present seven-member Board of Trustees in 1963.

Construction began on new dormitories in late 1958 and they opened in 1959. Taylor Hardwick was the architect of record.

Today[edit]

The school is now the largest school of its type in the United States with 47 buildings on 82 acres (330,000 m2) of land. The school now has an annual budget of over $30 million, up from its original of $20,000. It currently serves 600 students on campus and 400 infants/toddlers and their parents through the statewide Parent Infant Program.[4]

The school is Florida's primary public school for children who are deaf or blind. Students are transported to the school and back home from all over the state, residing in dormitories during the week. The school serves deaf and blind students in pre-school through 12th grade, and also has a post-secondary program. The school is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, the Conference of Educational Administrators Serving the Deaf, and the National Accreditation Council for Agencies Serving the Blind and Visually Handicapped.

The school has two departments: The Deaf Department serves children who are deaf or hard of hearing, and the Blind Department serves children who are blind or visually impaired. In addition, outreach programs provide support to parents, teachers, and other staff in small and rural school districts in the state of Florida.

The school has a health care center for students as well as two well-appointed auditoriums on campus. Blind high school students can take a sound engineering elective and have opportunities to work with state-of-the-art sound systems within the school.

The school offers ASL courses to the community for a nominal fee.

Athletics and activities[edit]

The school boasts the Copeland Recreation and Fitness Center, specially designed and constructed for the blind. The Copeland Center is the site of the annual USABA (United States Association of Blind Athletes) Youth National Goalball Tournament.

Athletic teams include football, soccer, volleyball, basketball, Little League baseball, track, cross country, swimming, goalball, wrestling and cheerleading.

Students at the school can join performing groups. The school's Deaf Department has a traveling Dance Troupe, and the Blind Department has a band known as OuttaSight. Other clubs and activities include the Blind Skier Club, Academic Bowl Team (a competitive club), and MathCounts (a traveling Math team).

Notable alumni[edit]

  • Ray Charles attended St. Augustine School where he learned to read Braille. The school was known as The Institute for the Blind, Deaf and Dumb at the time.
  • Ashley Fiolek attended the Florida School for the Deaf & Blind[4] and is a national women's motorcross champion.
  • Marcus Roberts, jazz pianist.[4]
  • Joseph “Joe” Walker, sports broadcaster.[4]
  • Sir Charles Atkins, Florida blues legend.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Florida School for the Deaf and Blind". Retrieved 2011-03-23. public boarding school for eligible students who are deaf or hard of hearing
  2. ^ Gannon, Jack. 1981. Deaf Heritage–A Narrative History of Deaf America, Silver Spring, MD: National Association of the Deaf, p. 49 (PDF Archived 2012-03-28 at the Wayback Machine.)
  3. ^ a b "Florida". www.aph.org. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "History | FSDB". www.fsdb.k12.fl.us. Retrieved 2018-07-30.

External links[edit]