Francesc Macià

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Francesc Macià i Llussà
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Seal of the Generalitat of Catalonia.svg
122nd President of the Generalitat de Catalunya
In office
14 December 1932 – 25 December 1933
Preceded by Josep de Vilamala
Succeeded by Lluís Companys
3rd Acting President of the Catalan Republic
In office
14 April 1931 – 28 April 1931
Preceded by Baldomer Lostau
In 1873
Succeeded by Lluís Companys
In 1934
Acting President of the Generalitat de Catalunya
In office
28 April 1931 – 14 December 1932
Preceded by himself
As Acting President of the Catalan Republic
Succeeded by himself
As President of the Generalitat de Catalunya
Personal details
Born (1859-09-21)21 September 1859
Vilanova i la Geltrú, Spain
Died 25 December 1933(1933-12-25) (aged 74)
Barcelona, Spain
Political party Estat Català ERC
Spouse(s) Eugènia Lamarca i de Mier

Francesc Macià i Llussà (Catalan: [frənˈsɛsk məsiˈa]; 21 September 1859 – 25 December 1933) was the 122nd President of Catalonia and formerly a Catalan officer in the Spanish Army.[1][2]


He achieved the rank of lieutenant-colonel during his military career. He condemned the assault of some Spanish officers on the journal Cu-Cut in 1905, and was forced to abandon the army.[3]

He was the representative for Barcelona from 1914 to 1923.

In 1922 he founded the independentist party Estat Català.[4]

In 1926 he attempted an insurrection against the Spanish dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera. This uprising, the aim of which was to achieve the independence of Catalonia, was based in Prats de Molló (Roussillon).[5] He was arrested in France for this and was convicted and sentenced to two months in jail and a fine of 100 francs. He left France for Brussels in March 1927. In April 1930 he returned to Spain after being pardoned; he was exiled again but returned once more in February 1931.[6]

In 1931, after the elections that caused the exile of Alfonso XIII of Spain and gave the local majority to his party Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (ERC), Macià proclaimed the Free Catalan Republic in Barcelona, but was forced afterwards to settle for partial autonomy within the new Spanish Republic. Macià was the President of Generalitat from 1932 until his death in 1933. He is buried at the Montjuïc Cemetery in Barcelona's Montjuïc hill.


He died on 25 December 1933. His funeral caused a massive demonstration of grief, similar to the death of Enric Prat de la Riba.[3] His remains rest in the Plaça de la Fe, the Montjuïc cemetery.


In the National Archive of Catalonia preserved part of his personal collection, which consists of documentation image about the president travels throughout Catalonia and family snapshots. They are a repository of Mrs. Teresa Peyrí i Macià. The fund contains documents generated and received by Francesc Macià, personal and family documents, correspondence from the period before the Second Spanish Republic (until April 1931) and documentation produced primarily in terms of its political activity. The fund brings together documents relating to his conduct before being named president of the Generalitat of Catalonia (1907-1931): As a Member of Parliament (speeches, proclamations, and conference reports) on Catalan State (organization, reports, proclamations, calls, publications, etc.)., on Catalan Army (constitution, rules and organization, information mapping and geographic pathways) and on the corresponding period in the Directory of General Primo de Rivera. Finally, note the collection of photographs made in mostly pictures of presidential time.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Francesc Macià i Llussà". Catalan Encyclopaedia. 22 March 2014. 
  2. ^ Masanés, Cristina (October 2009). "Els orígens del mite". Sapiens (in Catalan). 84. 
  3. ^ a b Esculies, Joan (October 2012). "El cavaller de l'ideal". Sàpiens (in Catalan). Barcelona. 121: 22–28. ISSN 1695-2014. 
  4. ^ Esculies, Joan (December 2013). "Macià, el paradigma dels conversors a l'independentisme". Ara (in Catalan): 12. 
  5. ^ «Qui va trair Macià?» by Jordi Finestres and Giovanni Cattini, Sàpiens volume 84 (october 2009)
  6. ^ "Bowers Sends Condolences". The New York Times. December 26, 1933. p. 15. Retrieved April 4, 2015. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Himself, as Acting President of the Generalitat de Catalunya, but in 1716, Josep de Vilamala
President of the Generalitat de Catalunya
Succeeded by
Lluís Companys
Preceded by
Himself, as Acting President of the Catalan Republic
Acting President of the Generalitat de Catalunya
Succeeded by
Himself, as President of the Generalitat de Catalunya
Preceded by
Estanislao Figueras, in 1873
Acting President of the Catalan Republic
Succeeded by
Himself, as Acting President of the Generalitat de Catalunya, but Lluís Companys, as Acting President of the Catalan Republic, in 1934
Party political offices
Preceded by
New title
President of EC
Succeeded by
Josep Dencàs i Puigdollers
Preceded by
New title
President of ERC
Succeeded by
Lluís Companys