June 23, 1924 |
Brooklyn, New York City
Born in Brooklyn, Frank Bolle attended Manhattan's High School of Music & Art, though one standard references source, attributing its information to Bolle via an intermediary, lists the School of Industrial Art high school. From 1943 to 1946, Bolle served in the United States Army Air Force, and after his return from World War II attended Pratt Institute on the G.I. Bill, graduating in three years.
1940s and 1950s
Bolle had broken into comics in 1943, drawing backgrounds for Funnies Inc., one of a handful of "packagers" that supplied content to publishers entering the fledgling medium of comic books. His first known credits are penciling and inking two "Terry Vance" detective features for Timely Comics, the precursor of Marvel Comics, in Marvel Mystery Comics #47-48 (cover-dated Sept.-Oct. 1943). He served in World War II, and It is unclear if the small number of Bolle stories that appear in comics from U.S. Camera, Rural Home, and Green Publishing through 1946 were done during the war or were inventory from before his service. His comics output became regular soon afterward with a "Freddy Freshman" story in Fawcett Comics' Captain Marvel Jr. #46 (Feb. 1947) and work in Crown Comics from the publisher McCombs through from 1947 to 1948. He did additional work for Fawcett, and signed some comics work FWB for Lev Gleason Publications.
Bolle himself, in an undated interview conducted no earlier than 1992, did not mention his prewar work when asked about "the first comic book you worked on":
The first job I got... I had some samples I did for a little tiny outlet called Crown Comics [sic; title of series published by McCombs] where I wrote some stories and I started out by doing a filler — they had a 48-pager but they had space in the back, so they needed a one-page story. I said, 'If you need it Monday, I'll bring it in on Monday', and I wrote a cute little story and they printed it on the back and that was my first sample. Those were the first books I worked on when I got out of the service after World War II I was 21 or 22.
With an unknown writer, Bolle co-created the masked, female Old West hero the Black Phantom in Tim Holt #25 (Sept. 1951). For DC Comics, Bolle drew the cyborg-superhero feature "Robotman" in Detective Comics #167-179 (Jan. 1951 - Jan. 1952). Through 1954, he drew the title feature and the backup "Redmask" in Magazine Enterprises Western comic Tim Holt, then took over the art for the series Red Mask, drawing issues #42-53 to (July 1954 - May 1956), as from 1955 to 1957 drew Robin Hood stories in the publisher's Robin Hood and subsequent, TV series-based The Adventures of Robin Hood. For Marvel Comics' 1950s forerunner, Atlas Comics, he drew supernatural fantasy stories in the anthologies Mystic, Marvel Tales, Strange Tales, Journey into Mystery and other titles in 1956 and 1957.
As well by the mid-1950s, Bolle was illustrating juvenile fiction books, including Gene Autry & Champion (1956), and books starring Lassie and the Lone Ranger. He would later draw for the Choose Your Own Adventure children's book series.
From 1957 to 1961, Bolle began his long career in newspaper comic strips, starting as an art assistant, drawing backgrounds, on the Chicago Tribune-New York News Syndicate's daily and Sunday On Stage from 1957 to 1961.
This briefly overlapped his own Sunday comic strip, the McNaught Syndicate's Children's Tales, which he wrote and drew from 1960 to 1969. He recalled it as "a Sunday page where I illustrated some classics like 'Cinderella' and 'Rumplestilskin' and I did them in three parts so they would appear in three Sundays. And in-between that I would also write original stories, so I wrote about 12 to 15 original stories, then I would switch back and forth from classics to originals." For the same syndicate, he drew the daily and Sunday strip Debbie Deere, "a lonely hearts writer [who] would get involved in some of the letters she got. I did that for about 4 years," from 1966 to 1969. For the Chicago Tribune-New York News Syndicate, he wrote and drew the strip Quick Quiz from 1964 to 1965. By this time he was also illustrating for magazines, beginning with the men's adventure title Stag from 1961 to 1962.
He used the pseudonym F. L. Blake for the dust jacket of the 1963 book Picture Parade of Jewish History. Keeping a hand in comic books, Bolle drew the superhero series Doctor Solar, Man of the Atom #6-19 (Nov. 1963 - April 1967) for Western Publishing's Gold Key Comics imprint, and did a small amount of work for DC Comics, Dell Comics, and Tower Comics.
In 1966, Bolle began a long association with the magazine Boys' Life, drawing numerous comic strips for the glossy monthly publication of the Boy Scouts of America. Through 1981, he drew at different times the strips Bible Stories, Green Bar Bill, Pedro Patrol, Pee Wee Harris, Pool of Fire, Scouts in America, Space Adventures, The Tracy Twins and White Mountains. He did other art as well for the magazine, from 1977 to 1984, and draw an adaptation of John Christopher's "The Tripods".
From 1965 to 1975, Bolle drew covers for nonfiction paperback books including Baton Twirling, Invitation to Skin and Scuba Diving, Scuba, Spear & Snorkel, Soccer, and Boxing.
Two stories he penciled and inked, and one that he inked over penciler Russ Jones, from the paperback anthology Christopher Lee's Treasury of Terror (Pyramid Books, 1966), were reprinted in three 1968 issues of Warren Publications' black-and-white horror comics magazine Eerie. He went on to draw new stories published in that magazine and in its sister publication Vampirella in 1970 and 1971, and in 1973 inked roughly a dozen stories for Marvel Comics, including in issues of The Avengers, Defenders (comics), Sub-Mariner, Marvel Premiere and Marvel Team-Up. Throughout the 1970s he also continued to do work for longtime clients Dell Comics and Gold Key Comics (in Flash Gordon, Ripley's Believe It or Not!, The Twilight Zone and other titles, including a short return to Doctor Solar, Man of the Atom). Additionally, sometimes under his FWB pseudonym, he also contributed to Charlton Comics.
His comic-strip work in the 1970s included drawing the daily and Sunday Alexander Gates (1970-1971), recalling, "He was an astrologist, I did that for a couple of years"; Universal Press Syndicate's Best Seller Showcase daily (1977) and Sunday (1977-1978); and the same syndicate's Encyclopedia Brown daily and Sunday (1978-1980). He was the uncredited ghost artist on the daily Rip Kirby for King Features Syndicate from 1977 to 1994, and, for one month in 1982, the Sunday Tarzan for United Feature Syndicate. In an undated interview conducted no earlier than 1992, he said, "Today, I work on the Prince Valiant strip — I do some of them. it's funny — I grew up reading, admiring and copying Prince Valiant and today I'm the one penciling them!"
Bolle's last known mainstream penciling and inking for comic books is the cover of Gold Key Comics' Shroud of Mystery #1 (June 1982). He later drew a page for the one-shot benefit comic Strip AIDS U.S.A. (1988) from Last Gasp. He returned to ink the last 31 pages of a 42-page story in Marvel's Captain Marvel vol. 2, #1 (Nov. 1989), over penciler Mark Bright.
In the 1980s and 1990s, Bolle drew and lettered the Sunday and daily Tribune Media Services strip Winnie Winkle, either from 1982-1996 or, he has said, "for 20 years". He performed those same functions on King Features' The Heart of Juliet Jones from 1989-2000, either for both dailies and Sundays or "just dailies". He lettered Tribune's venerable Annie daily and Sunday strips in the 1980s through 1999, contributing, as well, a small amount of of art as a ghost artist. Finally, he did ghost art on Tribune Media's Gil Thorp in 1996 and again in 2008. Credited, he drew the daily and Sunday North America Syndicate strip Apartment 3-G in 1999.
- Bolle, Frank. "Frank Bolle". National Cartoonists Society. Archived from the original on June 28, 2015. Retrieved June 28, 2015.
Born in Brooklyn, N.Y. June 24, 1924 and started drawing on any scrap of paper I could find.
- Miller, John Jackson (June 10, 2005). "Comics Industry Birthdays". Comics Buyer's Guide (1485). Archived from the original on October 29, 2010. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
- Petrilak, Joe (n.d.). "Interview with Frank Bolle". Frank Bolle (official site). Archived from the original on May 10, 2013. Note: Bolle's earliest Crown Comics credit in the Grand Comics Database is a one-page story featuring the children's-humor character Tacky in Crown Comics #8 (Feb. 1947).
- Bails, Jerry; Hames Ware. "Bolle, Frank". Who's Who of American Comic Books 1928-1999. Archived from the original on June 28, 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-28. Note: Information "by Frank Bolle via Jim Amash March 2006".
- Frank Bolle at the Grand Comics Database.
- Frank Bolle at the Lambiek Comiclopedia. Note: Erroneously gives birth date as June 7, 1924.
- Tim Holt #25 at the Grand Comics Database.
- "Latest News". Frank Bolle (official site). Archived from the original on May 10, 2013.
- "Inkpot Awards". San Diego Comic-Con International. Archived from the original on March 4, 2014. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
- Official site. Archived from the original on February 13, 2013. Additional WebCitation archive.
- "Frank Bolle Cartoons: An inventory of his cartoons at Syracuse University". WebCitation archive.
- Strickler, Dave. Syndicated Comic Strips and Artists, 1924-1995: The Complete Index. Cambria, CA: Comics Access, 1995. ISBN 0-9700077-0-1.