Frederick Lygon, 6th Earl Beauchamp

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The Earl Beauchamp

Frederick Lygon, 6th Earl Beauchamp.jpg
Lord Steward of the Household
In office
21 February 1874 – 21 April 1880
MonarchVictoria
Prime MinisterBenjamin Disraeli
Preceded byThe Earl of Bessborough
Succeeded byThe Earl Sydney
Paymaster General
In office
24 June 1885 – 28 January 1886
MonarchVictoria
Prime MinisterThe Marquess of Salisbury
Preceded byThe Lord Wolverton
Succeeded byThe Lord Thurlow
In office
19 August 1886 – March 1887
MonarchVictoria
Prime MinisterThe Marquess of Salisbury
Preceded byThe Lord Thurlow
Succeeded byThe Earl Brownlow
Personal details
Born10 November 1830 (1830-11-10)
Died19 February 1891 (1891-02-20) (aged 60)
Madresfield Court, Worcestershire
NationalityBritish
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)(1) Lady Mary Stanhope
(1844–1876)
(2) Lady Emily Pierrepont
(1853–1935)
Children9, including:
William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp
Margaret Russell, Baroness Ampthill
Maud, Lady Hoare, Viscountess Templewood
ParentsHenry Lygon, 4th Earl Beauchamp
Lady Susan Eliot
Alma materChrist Church, Oxford

Frederick Lygon, 6th Earl Beauchamp PC DL (10 November 1830 – 19 February 1891), styled The Honourable Frederick Lygon between 1853 and 1866, was a British Conservative politician.

Background and education[edit]

Beauchamp was the third son of Henry Lygon, 4th Earl Beauchamp, and Lady Susan Caroline, daughter of William Eliot, 2nd Earl of St Germans. He was educated at Eton, was President of the Oxford Union in 1851 and graduated from Christ Church, Oxford in 1856 with an MA degree.

Political career[edit]

Beauchamp was Member of Parliament for Tewkesbury from 1857 to 1863 and for West Worcestershire from 1863 to 1866. In 1859 he was appointed Civil Lord of the Admiralty. On 4 March 1866 he inherited the earldom of Beauchamp on the death of his childless brother. He served under Benjamin Disraeli as Lord Steward of the Household between 1874 and 1880 and under Lord Salisbury as Paymaster-General between 1885 and 1886 and again between 1886 and 1887. In 1874 he was sworn of the Privy Council.[1] He was also Lord Lieutenant of Worcestershire between 1876 and 1891.

Other works[edit]

In addition to his political duties Frederick Lygon also found time to be a great philanthropist. He was one of the founders of Malvern Boys' College and later a chairman of the college council. He was also the driving force behind the building of the Almshouses and St Leonards Church at Newland, consecrated in 1864,[2][3] conceived by his uncle John Reginald Pindar and his wife Charlotte. Frederick also finished the building of the church at Madresfield consecrated in 1867[4] which was the gift of Henry 5th Earl Beauchamp who had died before the work was completed.

Family[edit]

Lady Mary Stanhope

Lord Beauchamp married Lady Mary Stanhope (3 February 1844 – 30 June 1876), daughter of Philip Stanhope, 5th Earl Stanhope and his wife Emily Harriet Kerrison, at St George's Church in Hanover Square, London on 18 February 1868. They had five children:

Lady Beauchamp died in 1876, and on 24 September 1878 Lord Beauchamp married Lady Emily Pierrepont (16 March 1853 – 11 May 1935), daughter of the 3rd Earl Manvers and his wife Georgiana Jane E. F. de Franquetot, at Perlethorpe in Nottinghamshire. They had four children, two sons and two daughters:

  • Hon. Robert Lygon (9 August 1879 – 13 January 1952); m.10 Oct 1903 Cecil Albinia Arbuthnot; they had issue, one son Reginald (who died in 1976, aged 72, shortly before his half-cousin the 8th Earl; he had only daughters).
  • Hon. Henry Lygon (10 April 1884 – 23 February 1936) who died unmarried aged 51.
  • Lady Agnes Lygon (7 December 1880 – 1960); m. 1906 Hon. Arthur George Villiers Peel (27 Feb 1868-25 Apr 1956), and had issue.
  • Lady Maud Lygon, later Lady Maud Hoare, and still later (1944) Viscountess Templewood (5 July 1882 – 27 December 1962) married 1909 Samuel Hoare, 1st Viscount Templewood (1880–1959); they had no issue. Lady Maud was created a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1927.

Lord Beauchamp died on 19 February 1891,[7] aged 60, at his home, Madresfield Court, from a heart attack he suffered at dinner that night. His eighteen-year-old eldest son William succeeded him in the earldom. He was buried in the churchyard of St Mary the Virgin Madresfield near the south east corner of the church alongside his first wife Mary;[8] his second wife Emily was later interred on his other side. His grave is marked by kerbing which has no inscription; in his will he had expressly forbade any tribute or monument.

Styles of address[edit]

  • 1830-1853: Mr Frederick Lygon
  • 1853-1857: The Honourable Frederick Lygon
  • 1857-1866: The Honourable Frederick Lygon MP[9]
  • 1866-1874: The Right Honourable The Earl Beauchamp[9]
  • 1874-1891: The Right Honourable The Earl Beauchamp PC[1][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "No. 24072". The London Gazette. 6 March 1874. p. 1519.
  2. ^ Dolby, Mark, The Beauchamp Almshouses and St Leonard's Church Newland 1864 - 2014 published by Aspect design 2014, ISBN 9781908832566
  3. ^ http://www.beauchampstleonard.org/early-history
  4. ^ Weaver, Cora, The church of St Mary the Virgin Madresfield, revised 2013
  5. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=jY0GDAAAQBAJ&pg=PA171&lpg=PA171&dq=Mary+trefusis&source=bl&ots=EdvX17gmEb&sig=PmMaV6L-nUB2E1SlZb40yeJEDq8&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Mary%20trefusis&f=false
  6. ^ "Margaret Russell (née Lygon), Lady Ampthill (1874-1957), wife of 2nd Baron Ampthill; daughter of the 6th Earl Beauchamp". National Portrait Gallery, London.
  7. ^ Sudden death of Earl Beauchamp, Malvern Advertiser Saturday 21st February 1891
  8. ^ Funeral of the late Earl Beauchamp, Malvern Advertiser Saturday 28th February 1891
  9. ^ a b c "Frederick Lygon, 6th Earl Beauchamp". The Peerage. Retrieved 30 May 2016.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Humphrey Brown
John Martin
Member of Parliament for Tewkesbury
18571864
With: John Martin to 1859
James Martin from 1859
Succeeded by
James Martin
John Yorke
Preceded by
Viscount Elmley
Fredrick Knight
Member of Parliament for West Worcestershire
18631866
With: Fredrick Knight
Succeeded by
Fredrick Knight
William Edward Dowdeswell
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Bessborough
Lord Steward
1874–1880
Succeeded by
The Earl Sydney
Preceded by
The Lord Wolverton
Paymaster General
1886
Succeeded by
The Lord Thurlow
Preceded by
The Lord Thurlow
Paymaster General
1886–1887
Succeeded by
The Earl Brownlow
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Lord Lyttelton
Lord Lieutenant of Worcestershire
1876–1891
Succeeded by
The Earl of Coventry
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Henry Lygon
Earl Beauchamp
1866–1891
Succeeded by
William Lygon